Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30685
Organization as System, Psychic Dynamism as Equilibration: A Conceptualization

Authors: Abbas Moshref Razavi, Rodina Ahmad

Abstract:

Organizations are supposed to be systems and consequently require defining the notion of equilibrium within. However, organizations comprise people and unavoidably entail their irrational aspects. Then, the question is what is the organizational equilibrium and equilibrating mechanisms considering these aspects. Hence, some arguments are provided here to conceptualize human unconsciousness, irrationalities and consequent uncertainties within organizations in the form of a system of psychic dynamism. The assumption is this dynamism maintains the psychic balance of the organization through a psychodynamic point of view. The resultant conceptualization expected to promote the understanding of such aspects in different organizational settings by hypothesizing organizational equilibration from this perspective. As a result, the main expectation is, if it is known that how the organization equilibrates in this sense, we can explain and deal with such irrationalities and unconsciousness by rational and, of course conscious, planning and accomplishing.

Keywords: Organization, Psychodynamic, equilibration, General System Theory

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1072311

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1237

References:


[1] Y. Gabriel, and A. Carr, "Organizations, management and psychoanalysis: an overview", J. Managerial Psychology, vol. 17, No. 5, 2002, pp. 348-365.
[2] Y. Gabriel. The Psychoanalysis of Organizations. Sage Publications Ltd, 1999.
[3] A. Kersten, "Organizing for powerlessness. A Critical Perspective on Psychodynamics and Dysfunctionality". J. Organizational Change Management. 2001.
[4] D. Wastell. Learning Dysfunctions in Information Systems Development: Overcoming the Social Defenses with Transitional Objects, MIS Quarterly, 1999, 23(4), pp. 581-600.
[5] K. McGrath. "Affection not Affliction: The Role of Emotions in Information Systems and Organizational Change". Information and Organization. 2005. Volume 16. Issue 4.Pages: 277-303
[6] L. Lapointe, and S. Revard, "A Multilevel Model of resistance to Information Technology Implementation", MIS Quarterly, Vol. 29, No. 3, September 2005, pp. 461-491.
[7] M. Markus, "Technochange Management: Using IT to Drive Organizational Change". Journal of Information Technology, 2004, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 4-20.
[8] E. Davidson, and W. Chismar, "The Interaction of Institutionally Triggered and Technology-Triggered Social Structure Change: An Investigation of Computerized Physician Order Entry", MIS Quarterly, 2007.
[9] W. Bovey, and A. Hede, "Resistance to organisational change: the role of defence mechanisms", Journal of Managerial Psychology. 2001
[10] T. Bowler, General System Thinking, Elsevier North Holland, Inc., 1981
[11] W. Pasmore, and J. Sherwood, Sociotechnical Systems: A Sourcebook, International Authors, United States, 1978
[12] N. Luhmann, (Translated by J. Bednarz), Social Systems, Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, 1995
[13] N. Luhmann, (Translated by R. Barrett), Risk: A Sociological Theory, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York, 1993, p.XII.
[14] B. Aubert, H. Barki, M. Patry, and V. Roy. "A Multi-level Multi- Theory Perspective of Information Technology Implementation". Info Systems, Vol 18, 2008, pp.45-72.
[15] H. Barki, and J. Hartwick, "Interpersonal Conflict and Its Management in Information System Development". MIS Quarterly, June 2001, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 195-228
[16] G. Bullen. A Psychodynamic View of the Consulting Relationship: A Case Study. University of South Africa. 2003
[17] A. Burton-Jones, and M. Gallivan, "Towards a Deeper Understanding of System Usage in Organizations: A Multilevel Perspective". MIS Quarterly, 2007.
[18] F. Alexander, Fundamentals of psychoanalysis, W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. 1963.
[19] C. Brenner, An Elementary Textbook of Psychoanalysis, International Universities Press, 1955.
[20] S. Freud, Civilization and its Discontents, The Hogarth Press, London, 1930. Revised 1963. Reprinted 1969.
[21] H. Laughlin, The Ego and its Defenses, Meredith Corporation, 1970.
[22] S. Freud, Group Psychology, Liveright Publishing Corporation, New York, 2nd Imp, 1967.
[23] D. Forsyth, Group Dynamics, 4th Ed., Thomson Wadsworth, 2006.
[24] D. Cartwright, and A. Zander. (Editors), Group Dynamics, Tavistock Publications, New York, 1968.
[25] E. Ferneley, and P. Sobreperez, "Resist, Comply or Workaround: An examination of different facets of user engagement with information systems", European Journal of Information Systems, Vol. 15, No 4, 2006, pp. 345-356.
[26] Business Dictionary, http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/organization.html.
[27] Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organization.
[28] W. Samuelson, and R. Zeckhauser, "Status Quo Bias in Decision Making", J. Risk and Uncertainty, 1988, pp. 7-59.
[29] I. Aaltio-Marjosola, "From a "Grand Story" to Multiple Narratives? Studying an Organizational Change Project", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 7 Iss. 5, 1994, pp.56-67.
[30] P. Sobreperez, E. Ferneley, and F. Wilson, "Tricks or Trompe L'Oeil? An Examination Workplace Resistance in an Information Rich Managerial Environment", Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on Information Systems, Regensburg, Germany. 2005. Paper 41. pp. 484-494.
[31] L. Markus, "Power, politics, and MIS implementation", Communications of ACM, 1983
[32] A. Parr, and G. Shank, "A model of ERP project implementation", J. Information Technology, Vol. 15, No. 4, 2000, pp.289-303.
[33] A. Peslak, G. Subramanian, G. Clayton, "The Phases of ERP Software Implementation and Maintenance: A Model for Predicting Preferred ERP Use", J. Computer Information Systems, Vol. 47, Part. 2, 2008, pp. 25-33.
[34] V. Venkatesh, and F. Davis, "A Theoretical Extension of the Technology Acceptance Model: Four Longitudinal Field Studies", Management Science, vol. 46, 2000, pp. 186-204.
[35] A. Giangreco, "A Review of the Literature and a Discussion of Six Issues in the Analysis of Resistance to Change", Cattaneo University (LIUC) Papers in Economics, n. 79, Serie Economica Aziendale 7, 2000.
[36] K. J. Peszynski, and B. Corbitt, "Politics, Complexity, and Systems Implementation", Social Science Computer Review Vol. 24, No. 3, Fall 2006, pp. 326-341.