Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30371
Innovative Teaching in Systems Analysis and Design - an Action Research Project
Authors: Imelda Smit
Abstract:Systems Analysis and Design is a key subject in Information Technology courses, but students do not find it easy to cope with, since it is not “precise" like programming and not exact like Mathematics. It is a subject working with many concepts, modeling ideas into visual representations and then translating the pictures into a real life system. To complicate matters users who are not necessarily familiar with computers need to give their inputs to ensure that they get the system the need. Systems Analysis and Design also covers two fields, namely Analysis, focusing on the analysis of the existing system and Design, focusing on the design of the new system. To be able to test the analysis and design of a system, it is necessary to develop a system or at least a prototype of the system to test the validity of the analysis and design. The skills necessary in each aspect differs vastly. Project Management Skills, Database Knowledge and Object Oriented Principles are all necessary. In the context of a developing country where students enter tertiary education underprepared and the digital divide is alive and well, students need to be motivated to learn the necessary skills, get an opportunity to test it in a “live" but protected environment – within the framework of a university. The purpose of this article is to improve the learning experience in Systems Analysis and Design through reviewing the underlying teaching principles used, the teaching tools implemented, the observations made and the reflections that will influence future developments in Systems Analysis and Design. Action research principles allows the focus to be on a few problematic aspects during a particular semester.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1071252Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1121
 Altrichter, H., Kemmis, S., McTaggart, R. and Zuber-Skerritt, O., (2002), "The concept of action research", The Learning Organization, 9(3), 125-131.
 Anderson, L.W., & Krathwohl, D.R. (eds.) (2001, A Taxonomy of Learning, Teaching and Assessing: A Revision of Bloom-s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives.
 Avison, D. and Fitzgerald, G., (2006), Information Systems Development methodologies, techniques & tools, 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Education, Berkshire.
 Bentley, L. and Whitten, J., (2007), Systems Analysis and Design for the Global Enterprise, 7th ed. McGraw-Hill/Irvin, New York.
 Coornes, M., DeBard, R. (2004). Serving the Millennium Generation. San Francisco: Josey-Bass.
 Dick, B., (1991), Action Research and Evaluation, Interchange, Brisbane.
 Dick, B., (2002), "Postgraduate programs using action research", The Learning Organization, 9(4), 159-170.
 Goede, R, (2010), Combining research methods from different paradigms: a study in IS research practices. (In Goede, R, Grobler, L & Haftor, D. Interdisciplinary research for practices of social change: Proceedings of the 16 Annual Working Conference of CPTS, ISBN- 978-90-807718-8-8) pp. 85-106, CPTS: Maarssen.
 Kemmis, S. and McTaggart, R. (Eds) (1988), The Action Research Planner, 3rd ed., Deakin University Press, Geelong, Victoria.
 Monaco, M., & Martin, M. (2009), The Flight of the Millennials in Higher Education, Athletic Therapy Today, 14(1), 21-26.
 Roehling, P., Kooi, T., Dykema, S., Quisenberry, B., & Vandlen, C. (2001), Engaging the Millenium Generation in Class Discussions. College Teaching, 59(1), 1-6.
 Timmermann, S. (2007), What a Difference a Generation Makes: How Our Life Experiences Shape Our Viewpoints and Behaviours, Journal of Financial Service Professionals, 61(3), 25-28.
 Zuber-Skerritt, O. (1992), Professional Development in Higher Education: A Theoretical Framework for Action Research, Kogan Page, London.
 Zuber-Skerritt, O. (2001), "Action learning and action research: paradigm, praxis and programs", in Sakaran, S., Dick, B., Passfield, R. and Swepson, P. (Eds), Effective Change Management Using Action Research and Action Learning: Concepts, Frameworks, Processes and Applications, Southern Cross University Press, Lismore, Australia, 1-20.