The Use of ICT and e-Learning in Higher Education in Japan
Authors: Kumiko Aoki
Japan is known to be a technological powerhouse, being noted for its automobiles, consumer electronics, laptop computers, portable gaming devices, and more recently healing animal robots. Japan is also noted for its popular culture; manga, anime, novels, films, character goods, game programs, cosplay cafes, karaoke and so on. It may be natural for people outside Japan to assume that e-learning in Japan must be well advanced and innovative. In reality, the application of technologies in education in Japan is far behind of other developed countries. Especially in higher education, apathy of students towards their study prevails and teachers continue ignoring such student attitudes. E-learning, which is supposed to revolutionalize the way people learn as it has potentials to enable more student-centered learning, has not been realized in Japan and mostly used to perpetuate the teachercentered teaching in a different format.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1071140Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 5365
 Joseph Nye, Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics (Cambridge, MA: Public Affairs, 2004), 5.
 The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Monbukagaku Tokei Yoran (Mext Statistics Summary). (2009. Retrieved online at http://www.mext.go.jp/component/b_menu/other/__icsFiles/afieldfile/ 2009/08/05/1282869_9.xls
 The Open University of Japan. Hoso Daigaku Gakuen Yoran (The Annual Report of the Open University of Japan). (2009).
 Centre for Research of University Management and Policy (CRUM), Zenkoku Daigakusei Chousa (College Student Survey). (2007).
 The Japanese Central Council of Education. Gakushikateikyouiku no kouchikunimukete. (Towards Building of Undergraduate Education). (2009).
 National Institute of Multimedia Education, eLearning tou no ICT wo katsuyoushita kyouiku ni kannsuru chousahoukokusho (The Report concerning the Use of ICT in Education such as eLearning). (2009).
 Economist Intelligence Unit. The 2007 e-Readiness Ranking: Raising the Bar. (2007. Retrieved online at http://www.eiu.com/site_info.asp?info_name=eiu_2007_e_readiness_ rankings&rf=0)
 Robert B. Kozma. Technology, Innovation, and Educational Change: A Global Perspective. (ISTE, 2003).
 Clayton M. Christensen. The Innovator's Dilemma.(Cambridge, MA:Harvard Business Press, 1997).