Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31093
Pollution Induced Structural and Physico-Chemical Changes in Algal Community: A Case Study of River Pandu of North India
Authors: Seemaa Diwedi
Abstract:The study area receives a wide variety of wastes generated by municipalities and the industries like paints and pigments, metal processing industries, thermal power plants electroprocessing industries etc. The Physico-chemical and structural investigation of water from river Pandu indicated high level of chlorides and calcium which made the water unsuitable for human use. Algae like Cyclotella fumida, Asterionella Formosa, Cladophora glomerata, Pediastrum simplex, Scenedesmus bijuga, Cladophora glomerata were the dominant pollution tolerant species recorded under these conditions. The sensitive and less abundant species of algae included Spirogyra sps., Merismopedia sps. The predominance colonies of Zygnema sps, Phormidium sps, Mycrocystis aeruginosa, Merismopedia minima, Pandorina morum, seems to correlate with high organic contents of Pandu river water. This study assumes significance as some algae can be used as bioindicators of water pollution and algal floral of a municipal drain carrying waste effluents from industrial area Kanpur and discharge them into the river Pandu flowing onto southern outskirts of Kanpur city.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1070415Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1635
 A.S. Ahluwalia, M. Kaur, and S. Dua, "Physico-chemical characteristics and effects of some industrial effluents on the growth of green algae Scenedesmus sp," Indian J. Environ. Hlth., 31: 112-119, 1989.
 "Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water", American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C. A.P.H.A, 1976.
 H.C. Arora, S. N. Chattopadhya, V.P. Sharma, T. Routh, and S.I. Ilyas, "A short term study on the eutropication of Gomti River in Lucknow region," Proc. Symp. Environ. Pollut., pp. 44-58, 1973.
 J.L. Blum, "The ecology of river Algae," Bot. Rev., 32: 291-341, 1956.
 A.K. Chatterjee, "Benthos, the water quality indicator in river Brahmani," Indian J. Environ. Hlth., 30(1); 24-30, 1994.
 E.M. Donaldson, "The pitutary-interrenal axis as an indicator of stress in fish", In: Pickering AD, editor. Stress and fish. New York: Academic Press, p. 11, 1981.
 A.K. De, "The River of sorrow", Sci. Report., 21: 684-686, 1984.
 P. Gupta, and A.C Shukla, "Bottom sand algae of river Ganga", Phykos. 33: 43-46, 1994.
 G.R. Hedge, and T. Sujata, "Distribution of planktonic algae in three fresh water lentic habitats of Dharwad", Phykos. 36: 49-55, 1997.
 V. Joseph, and A. Joseph, "A note on the phytoplankton of Chitrapuzha, a tidal stream of Cochin", Phykos. 38: 9-12, 1999.
 A.K. Mitra, "Chemical characteristics of surface water at a selected gauging station in the river Godwari, Krishna and Tungabhadra", Indian J. Environ. Hlth., 24: 165-179, 1982.
 P. Nautiyal, and J.P. Bhatt, "Altitudinal variation in phytobenthos density and its component in the cold water mountain river Alakanda- Ganga", Phykos 36: 81-88, 1997.
 S. Pervez, and G.S. Pandey, "Contamination of river water and sediments by thermal power ash pond discharge", Indian J. Environ. Hlth., 30(1): 8-12, 1994.
 N. Rama Krishna, "River water management: Policy making for public interruptions towards conservation of quality and quantity", Jour. IAEM, 28: 6-12, 2001.
 S. Sabeena, and T. Fatma, "Phytotoxcity of heavy metals on Spirulina platensis", Phykos. 38: (1&2): 87-92, 1999.
 D. Tiwari, J.M. Patrick, and S. Singh, "Algal dynamics of the river Ganga at Kanpur", Phykos. 40: 45-51, 2001.
 V. Venkateswarlu, and P. Manikya Reddy, "Algae as biomonitors in river ecology". Proc.Symp. Biological monitoring of the state of Enviroment. Indian Nat. Sci. Acad., New Delhi. pp. 183-189, 1985.
 B.R. Woodson, "A study of the chlorophyta of the James River basin, Virginia II: Ecology",Vriginia J. Sci. 2: 27-36, 1960.