Toward Strengthening Social Resilience: A Case Study on Recovery of Capture Fisheries after Asia's Tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia
Social resilience has role to govern the local community and coastal fisheries resources toward sustainable fisheries development in tsunami affected area. This paper asses, explore and investigates of indigenous institutions, external and internal facilitators toward strengthening social resilience. Identification of the genuine organizations role had been conducted twice by using Rapid Assessment Appraisal, Focus Group Discussion, and in-depth interview for collecting primary and secondary data. Local wisdom had a contribution and adaptable to rebound social resilience. The Panglima Laot Lhok (sea commander) had determined and adapted role on recovery of the fishing community, particularly facilitated aid delivery to fishermen, as shown in anchovy fisheries relief case in Krueng Raya Bay. Toke Bangku (financial trader) had stimulated for reinforcement of advance payment and market channel. The other institutions supported upon linking and bridging connectivity among stakeholders. Collaborative governance can avoid conflict, reduce donor dependency and strengthen social resilience within fishing community.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1334385Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2446
 USGS,"Magnitude 9.1-off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra," 2004. Available at: (http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2004/us2004slav/) , Accessed on March 25, 2012.
 E. Scheper, S. Patel, and A. Parakrama," Impact of the tsunami response on local and national capacities," Tsunami Evaluation Coalition Report, 2006. Available at: (http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDACN514.pdf), Accessed on March 24, 2012.
 World Bank, "Report: on response to the tsunami disaster," 2005. Avalaible at: (worldbank.org/COUNTRIES/.../tsunamireport-020205....) on 6 June 2012.
 M. Philip, and A. Budiman," FAO report: an assessment of the impacts of the earthquake and tsunami of the 26th December 2004 on aquaculture in the Province of Aceh and North Sumatra, Indonesia,", 2005. Available at: (ftp://ftp.fao.org/fi/document/tsunamis_05/indonesia/cons_miss_rep/Phi llips_Budhiman_Mar_05.pdf), Accessed on April 2, 2012.
 The Consultative Group of Indonesia, "Report: Indonesia: Preliminary Damage and Loss Assessment The December 26, 2004 Natural Disaster," 2005. Available at: (http://www.unep.org/tsunami/reports/damage_assessment.pdf), Accessed on April 12, 2012.
 FAO,"Report: Rehabilitation and sustainable development of fisheries and aquaculture affected by the tsunami in Aceh Province, Indonesia," 2010. Available at: (http://typo3.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/oed/docs/OSROINS601AR C_2010_ER.pdf), Accessed on June 13, 2012.
 R. Langridge, J. Christian-Smith, and K. A. Lohse,". Access and resilience: analyzing the construction of social resilience to the threat of water scarcity," Ecology and Society, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 18, 2006.
 E. Ostrom,"The challenge of common-pool resources," Environment: Science and Policy Development, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 8-21, 2008.
 M.V. Noorwijk, S. Budidarsono, L. Joshi, and E. Nugraha,"The tsunami as test of resilience of coastal livelihood in Aceh: overview of an integrated natural resources management approach to rehabilitation," November 2006. Available at: (http://www.worldagroforestry.org/sea/wnew/ Updates/aceh30nov06.asp), Accessed on June 15, 2012.
 Google Maps," Aceh Besar Regency. Available at: (https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=aceh+besar+map&aq=0L&ie =UTF-8), Accessed on February 10, 2012.
 BNPB, "Pedoman Umum Pengkajian Risiko Bencana, "Peraturan Kepala Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana, Nomor 02 Tahun 2012, 2012. Available at: (http://bnpb.go.id/website/file/publikasi/435.PDF), Accessed on June 13, 2012.
 DFID, Department for International Development," Sustainable livelihood guidance sheets," London, 1999. Available at: (http://www.eldis.org/vfile/upload/1/document/0901/), Accessed on June 15, 2012.
 Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Provinsi Aceh,"Perikanan Dalam Angka," 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010. Unpublished.
 L.R. Garces, M.D. Pido, R.S. Pomeroy, S. Koeshendrajana, B.I. Prisantoso, N.A. Fatan, D. Adhuri, T. Raiful, S. Rizal, A. Tewfik, and M. Dey," Rapid assessment of community needs and fisheries status in tsunami-affected communities in Aceh Province, Indonesia," Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 53. Pp. 69-79, 2010.
 M.T. Gibbs, "Resilience: What is it and what does it mean for marine policymakers?," Marine Policy, vol. 33, pp. 322-332, 2009.
 UNDP and Consortium CCMRS IPB-LEIMA,"Villages planning pembangunan desa,"2006, Unpublished.
 BRR NAD-Nias, BPS, ADB, and ihs,"Kerangka peta 3: Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam dan Nias,"2006, Unpublished.
 R.G. Grafton, "Social capital and fisheries, "Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 48, pp. 753-766, 2005.
 J.T. Cacioppo, H.T. Reis, and A.J. Zautra,"Social resilience: the value of social fitness with an application to military," American Psychology Association, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 43-51, 2011.
 G.P. Green and A. Haines, "asset building and community development, "Thousand Oaks, CA, 2002.
 R.D. Putnam, "Bowling alone: America's declining social capital, "Journal of Democracy, vol. 6, no.1, pp. 65-78, 1995.
 F. Berkes,"From community based resources management to complex system," Ecology and Society, vol. 11, no. 1, 2006. Available at: (www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol11/iss1/art45/ES-2005-1431.pdf), Acces on June 24, 2012.
 A. Solihin, M.A.A. Amin, and D.I. Hartato," Praktek pengelolaan sumberdaya perikanan berbasis kearifan lokal," in kontruksi lokal pembangunan sumberdaya perikanan indonesia," in Konstruksi Lokal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Perikanan di Indonesia, L. Adrianto, Ed. Bogor: IPB Press, 2011, pp. 44-55.
 J. Birkmann, et al,"Addressing the Challenge: Recommendations and Quality Criteria for Linking Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation to Climate Change," in: J. Birkmann, Joern, Tetzlaff, Gerd, Zentel, Karl- Otto (eds.), Bonn: DKKV Publication Series 38, 2009.
 J.J. Bogardi,"Resilience building: from knowledge to action," Presented to the Summer Academy of UNU: EHS, 2006. Available at: (URL: http://www.ehs.unu.edu/file.php?id=184), Access on June 25, 2012.
 S.L. Cutter, B.J. Boruff, and W.L. Shirley," Social vulnerability to environmental hazards," Social Science Quarterly, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 243-261, 2003.
 Consortiun CCMPR-LEIMA,"Final Report: Fisheries Livelihood Recovery Program in Aceh Besar,"Final Report, 2007, Unpublished.
 I. Davis," Observations on Building and Maintaining Resilient Buildings and Human Settlements to withstand Disaster Impact, "Present at International Conference on built environment issues in small island states and territories, Jamaica: the Faculty of the Built Environment, University of Technology, 2005. Available at: (http://www.caymanprepared.gov.ky/pls/portal/docs/PAGE/NEMHOM E/RESOURCES/PUBLICATIONS/DISASTERMITIGATION/IDAVISR ECOM.PDF), Accesses on June 29, 2012.
 E. Ostrom,"Governing the Common: The Evolution of Institution for Collective Action," Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990, ch. 2.
 T. Nurasa, N. Naamin, and R. Basuki,"The role of Panglima Laot "Sea Commander" System in coastal fisheries management in Aceh, Indonesia," in Proc. Twenty Second IPFC Fisheries Symposium, Bangkok, 1993, pp. 395-405.
 G. Sapirstein,"Social resilience: the forgotten dimension in disaster risk reduction,"Jamba-Quarterly Bulletin, African : Center for Disaster Studies, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 54-63, 2006. (Available at: http://acds.co.za/jamba_vol1_no1.pdf), Accessed on April 20, 2012.
 W.N. Adger,"Social and ecological resilience: are they related?, "Progress in Human Geography, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 347-364, 2000.
 Equal,"A Project Cycle Management and Logical Framework Toolkit: A practical guide for Equal Development Partnerships. Available at : (http://portals.wi.wur.nl/files/docs/ppme/gpg_pcm_toolkit
.pdf), Accesses on June 23, 2012.