Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30172
Automatic Choice of Topics for Seminars by Clustering Students According to Their Profile
Abstract:The new framework the Higher Education is immersed in involves a complete change in the way lecturers must teach and students must learn. Whereas the lecturer was the main character in traditional education, the essential goal now is to increase the students' participation in the process. Thus, one of the main tasks of lecturers in this new context is to design activities of different nature in order to encourage such participation. Seminars are one of the activities included in this environment. They are active sessions that enable going in depth into specific topics as support of other activities. They are characterized by some features such as favoring interaction between students and lecturers or improving their communication skills. Hence, planning and organizing strategic seminars is indeed a great challenge for lecturers with the aim of acquiring knowledge and abilities. This paper proposes a method using Artificial Intelligence techniques to obtain student profiles from their marks and preferences. The goal of building such profiles is twofold. First, it facilitates the task of splitting the students into different groups, each group with similar preferences and learning difficulties. Second, it makes it easy to select adequate topics to be a candidate for the seminars. The results obtained can be either a guarantee of what the lecturers could observe during the development of the course or a clue to reconsider new methodological strategies in certain topics.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1333186Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1049
 T. Bourner and S. Flowers "Teaching and learning methods in higher education: A glimpse of the future", Reflections on Higher Education, vol. 9, pp. 77-102, 1997.
 G. Brown and M. Atkins, "Effective Teaching in Higher Education". London: Routledge, 1988.
 D. Hague, "Beyond Universities: A new republic of the intellect, London, Institute of Economic Affairs, 1991.
 A.U. Bolin and G.A. Neuman "Personality, process, and performance in interactive brainstorming groups" J. Bus. Psychol., Vol. 20, No. 4. (2006), pp. 565-585.
 S. C. Johnson "Hierarchical Clustering Schemes" Psychometrika, vol. 2, pp. 241-254, 1967.