Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30982
Nonlinear Fuzzy Tracking Real-time-based Control of Drying Parameters
Abstract:The highly nonlinear characteristics of drying processes have prompted researchers to seek new nonlinear control solutions. However, the relation between the implementation complexity, on-line processing complexity, reliability control structure and controller-s performance is not well established. The present paper proposes high performance nonlinear fuzzy controllers for a real-time operation of a drying machine, being developed under a consistent match between those issues. A PCI-6025E data acquisition device from National Instruments® was used, and the control system was fully designed with MATLAB® / SIMULINK language. Drying parameters, namely relative humidity and temperature, were controlled through MIMOs Hybrid Bang-bang+PI (BPI) and Four-dimensional Fuzzy Logic (FLC) real-time-based controllers to perform drying tests on biological materials. The performance of the drying strategies was compared through several criteria, which are reported without controllers- retuning. Controllers- performance analysis has showed much better performance of FLC than BPI controller. The absolute errors were lower than 8,85 % for Fuzzy Logic Controller, about three times lower than the experimental results with BPI control.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1333062Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1969
 P. Dufour, "Control Engineering in Drying Technology: Review and Trends", Drying Technology, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 889-904, 2006.
 C.I. Siettos, C.T. Kiranoudis and G.V Bafas, "Advanced Control Strategies for Fluidized Bed Dryers", Drying Technology, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 2271 - 2291, 1999.
 D. Zhu, J. Wang and L. Qian, "Fuzzy Immune PID Control for Drying Process Based on LS algorithm and Genetic Algorithm", in Proc. 9th Ninth International Conference on Electronic Measurement & Instruments, Beijing, 2009, pp. 1-234 - 1-239.
 J., Carneiro and F. Almeida, "Modeling Pneumatic Servovalves Using Neural Networks", in Proc. IEEE Conference on Computer Aided Control Systems Design, Munich, 2006, pp. 790-795.
 P. Gou, J. Comaposada, E. Serra, M. Corominas, M. Poch and J. Arnau, "Fuzzy Control System in Drying Process of Fermented Sausages", Drying Technology, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 2055 - 2069, 2005.
 K. Passino and S. Yurkovich, Fuzzy Control, California, Addison Wesley Longman, 1998.
 H. E. Musch, G. W. Barton, T. A. G. Langrish and A. S. Brooke, "Nonlinear model predictive control of timber", Computers chem. Engineering, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 415-425, 1998.
 H. Liu, J. Zhang, X. Tang and Y. Lu, "Fuzzy Control of Mixed-Flow Grain Dryer", Drying Technology, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 807 - 819, 2003.
 Q. Liu and F. W. Bakker-Arkema, "Automatic Control of Crossflow Grain Dryers, Part 2: Design of a Model-Predictive Controller", Journal. Agric. Engineering Res., vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 173-181, 2001.
 T. Thyagarajan, J. Shanmugam, M. Ponnavaikko and R. C. Panda, "Hybrid Intelligent Control Scheme For Air Heating System Using Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithm", Drying Technology, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 165 - 184, 2000.
 H. Abukhalifeh, R. Dhib and M. E. Fayed. "Model Predictive Control of an Infrared-Convective Dryer", Drying Technology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 497 - 511, 2005.
 T. Kokko, P. Lautala and T. Huhtelin, "Advanced Control Strategy for Impingement Drying", Drying Technology, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 1969 - 1990, 2003.
 P. Dufour, D. Blanc, Y. Touré and P. Laurent, "Infrared Drying Process of an Experimental Water Painting: Model Predictive Control", Drying Technology, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 269 - 284, 2004.
 A. Schuster and M. Kozek, "Constrained Model Predictive Control Implementation in an Industrial Drying Process", in Proc. IEEE 7th International Conference on Computational Cybernetics, Palma de Mallorca, 2009, pp.191-196.
 U. Y├╝zge├º, Y. Becerikli and M. T├╝rker, "Dynamic Neural-Network- Based Model-Predictive Control of an Industrial Baker's Yeast Drying Process", IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, Vol. 19, No. 7, pp. 1231 - 1242, 2008
 H. Abukhaiifeh, R. Dhib and M.Fayed, "Model Predictive Control of an Infrared-Dryer", in Proc. International Conference on Physics and Control, St. Petersburg, 2003, pp. 340 - 344.
 O. Sl├ñtteke, "Object-Oriented Modeling and Predictive Control of the Moisture Content in Paper Production", in Proc. American Control Conference, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, 2006, pp. 5544 - 5549.
 U. Taira, "Energy Saving Type Temperature-Humidity Simultaneous Control Method", in Proc. SICE Annual Conference, Sapporo, Japan, 2004, pp. 2640-2643.
 N. A. Corr├¬a, R. G. Corr├¬a, and J. T. Freire, "Self-tuning Control of Egg Drying in Spouted Bed Using the GPC Algorithm", Drying Technology, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 813 - 828, 2002.
 I. Alvarez-L├│pez, O. Llanes-Santiago and J. L. Verdegay, "Drying process of tobacco leaves by using a fuzzy controller", Fuzzy Sets and Systems, no. 150, pp. 493-506, 2005.
 S. Atthajariyakul and T. Leephakpreeda, "Fluidized bed paddy drying in optimal conditions via adaptive fuzzy logic control", Journal of Food Engineering, no. 75, pp. 104-114, 2006.
 X. G. Wang, W. Liu, L. Gu, C. J. Sun, C. E. Gu and C. W. de Silva, "Development of an Intelligent Control System for Wood Drying Processes", in Proc. IEEHASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, Como, Italy, 2001, pp. 371 - 376.
 A. Azadeh, N. Neshat and M. Saberi, "An Intelligent Approach for Improved Predictive Control of Spray Drying Process", in Proc. 14th International Conference on Intelligent Engineering Systems, Las Palmas of Gran Canaria, Spain, 2010, pp. 127 - 136.
 Y. Zhang, X. Shi and Q. Ling, "A Method for Milk Powder Spraydrying Based on Composite Fuzzy Control Technology", in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, Changchun, China, 2009, pp. 2133 - 2137.
 L. Sun, Z. Li and W. Cao, "Design and Realization of Fuzzy Self-tuning PID Controller Based on TMS320LF2407A DSPs for Microwave- Vacuum Wood Drying", in Proc. 6th International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery, Tianjin, 2009, pp. 71 - 75.
 T. Thyagarajan, J. Shanmugam, M. Ponnavaikko and P. G. Rao, "Advanced Control Schemes for Temperature Regulation of Air Heat Plant", in Proc. IEEE International Fuzzy Systems Conference, Seoul, Korea,1999, pp. II-767 - II-772.
 Y. Guo, D. Cao and G. Zheng, "Application of Intelligent Control Techniques for Temperature- Humidity Control in Industrial Workshops", in Proc. 2nd International Symposium on Intelligent Information Technology and Security Informatics, Moscow, 2009, pp. 192 - 194.
 M. Becker, D. Oestreich, H. Hasse and L. Litz, "Fuzzy Control for Temperature and Humidity in Refrigeration Systems", in Proc. III IEEE Conference on Control Applications, Glasgow 1994, pp. 1607-1612.
 M. Nachidi, A. Benzaouia and F. Tadeo, "Temperature and humidity control in greenhouses using the Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy model", in Proc. 2006 IEEE International Conference on Control Applications, Munich, 2006, pp. 2150-2154.
 C.N. Boeri, F.J. Neto da Silva and J.A.F. Ferreira, "Salted codfish drying kinetics: utilization of a semi-empirical simulation model", In 11th Pan-American Congress of Applied Mechanics, Foz do Igua├º├║, 2010.
 C.N. Boeri, F.J. Neto da Silva and J.A.F. Ferreira, "Utiliza├º├úo de modelos semi-emp├¡ricos na simula├º├úo da secagem de bacalhau", In: III Confer├¬ncia Nacional em Mec├ónica de Fluidos, Termodin├ómica e Energia, Bragan├ºa, 2009.
 Mathworks┬® - Real-Time Windows Target. Available in (July, 2010): http://www.mathworks.com/products/rtwt/
 S. Bellagha, E. Amami, A. Farhat and N. Kechaou, "Drying kinetics and characteristic drying curve of lightly salted sardine (sardinella aurita)", Drying Technology, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 1527-1538, 2002.
 A. Andre's, S. Rodriguez-Barona, J. M. Barat and P. Fito. "Salted cod manufacturing: influence of salting procedure on process yield and product characteristics", Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 69, pp. 467-471, 2005.
 S. Bellagha, A. Sahli, A. Farhat, N. Kechaou and A. Glenza, "Studies on salting and drying of sardine (Sardinella aurita): Experimental kinetics and modeling", Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 78, pp. 947-952, 2007.
 J.M. Barat, L. Gallart-Jornet, A. Andre's, L. Akse, M. Carlehög and O.T. Skjerdal, "Influence of cod freshness on the salting, drying and desalting stages", Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 73, pp. 9-19, 2006.
 B. Kosko, Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems. Prentice-Hall, 1992.
 L. Wang, Adaptative Fuzzy Systems and Control. Prentice-Hall. 1994, pp. 210-220,.
 J. Ferreira, P. Sun and J. Gr├ício, "Design and Control of a Hydraulic Press", Proc. 2006 IEEE Conference on Computer Aided Control Systems Design, Munich, 2006, pp. 814-819.
 M. Santos, Controlo de um Sistema Servopneum├ítico para Ensaios de Fadiga, Master Thesis in Industrial Automation Engineering, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal. 2009.