Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30831
AI Applications to Metal Stamping Die Design– A Review
Abstract:Metal stamping die design is a complex, experiencebased and time-consuming task. Various artificial intelligence (AI) techniques are being used by worldwide researchers for stamping die design to reduce complexity, dependence on human expertise and time taken in design process as well as to improve design efficiency. In this paper a comprehensive review of applications of AI techniques in manufacturability evaluation of sheet metal parts, die design and process planning of metal stamping die is presented. Further the salient features of major research work published in the area of metal stamping are presented in tabular form and scope of future research work is identified.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1332946Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3259
 H.S. Ismail, K.K.B. Hon and K. Huang, "An intelligent object-oriented approach to the design and assembly of press tools," Ann. CIRP, vol.44, pp. 91-96, 1995.
 R. Pilani, K. Narasimhan, S.K. Maiti, U.P. Singh and P.P. Date, "A hybrid intelligent systems approach for die design in sheet metal forming," Int. J. of Adv. Manuf. Technol., vol. 16, pp. 370-375, 2000.
 S.B. Tor, G.A. Britton and W.Y. Zhang, "Indexing & retrieval in metal stamping die design using case based reasoning," J. Computing & Information Sci. in Eng., ASME, vol.3, pp. 355-362, 2003.
 M.C. Cakir, O. Irfan and K. Cavdar, "An expert system approach for die and mold making operations," Robo. & Comp. Integrated Manuf., vol.21, pp. 175-183, 2005.
 A. Soman and M. Campbell, "A grammar-based approach to sheet metal design," Proc. of DETC02 ASME Design Engi. Tech. Conf., Montreal, Canada, 2002, pp.485-493
 R. Hambli and H. Miller, "BLANKSOFT: A code for sheet metal blanking processes optimization," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol.141, pp. 234-242, 2003.
 A.Y.C. Nee, "Developing CAD/CAM software for the tool and die industry: A role to be played by tertiary institutions," Int. J. Mech. Eng. Edu., vol.14, pp. 263-271, 1986.
 K. Shirai and H. Murakami, "A compact and practical CAD: CAM system for progressive die," Bull. Jpn. Soc. Prec. Eng., vol. 23, pp. 25- 30, 1989.
 M.R. Duffey and Q. Sun, "Knowledge-based design of progressive stamping dies," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 28, pp. 221-227, 1991.
 Y.K.D.V. Prasad and S. Somasundaram, "CADDS: an automated die design system for sheet metal blanking," Comput. Control Eng. J., vol. 3, pp. 185-191, 1992.
 S.B. Park, "An expert system of progressive die design for electron gun grid parts," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol.88, pp. 216-221, 1999.
 J.C. Choi and C. Kim, "A compact and practical CAD/CAM system for the blanking or piercing of irregular shaped-sheet metal products for progressive working", J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol.110, pp. 36-46, 2001.
 S.Kumar and R. Singh, "Trends and developments in intelligent computer aided design of progressive dies," Adv. Mater. Res., vol. 6, pp. 241-248, 2005.
 A. Jahan, M.Y. Ismail, S.M. Sapuan and F. Mustapha, "Material screening and choosing methods- a review," Mater. & Design, vol.31, pp. 696-705, 2009.
 A. Makinouchi, "Sheet metal forming in simulation in industry," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol.60, pp.19-22, 1996.
 S. Nakahara, K. Toshio, K. Tamura, F. Asuke, C. Soda and T. Nakamura, "Computer aided progressive die design," Proc. of the 19th Machine Tool Design Res. Conf., McMillan, London, 1978, pp. 171- 176.
 A. De Sam Lazaro, D. T. Engquist and D. B. Edwards, "An intelligent design for manufacturability system for sheet-metal parts," Concur. Eng. : Rese. & Appli., vol. 1, pp. 117-123, 1993.
 M. Shpitalni and D. Saddan, "Automatic determination of bending sequence in sheet metal products," Ann. CIRP, vol. 43, pp.23-26, 1994.
 H. Meerkamm, "Product modeling: a prerequisite for effective product development," Proc. of Product Modeler, Erlangen, University of Erlangen, 1995, pp. 25-47.
 M. Tisza, "Expert systems for metal forming," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol.53, pp. 423-432, 1995.
 R.S. Lee, L.C. Chuang, T.T. Yu and M.T Wu, "Development of an assessment system for sheet metal forming," Proc. of the Inter. Conf. On precision Eng. (2nd ICMT), Trends and innovations in precision manuf. Technol., Singapur, 1995, pp. 515-518.
 R. Mantripragada, G. KinFzel and T. Altan, "A computer-aided engineering system for feature-based design of box-type sheet metal parts," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol.59, pp.241-248, 1996.
 S. Yeh, M. Kamran, J.M.E. Terry and B.O. Nnaji, "A design advisor for sheet metal fabrication," IIE Trans., vol. 28, pp.1-10. 1996.
 R.Radhakrishnan, A. Araya, M. Kamran and B.O. Nnaji, "Design Rule Checker for Sheet Metal Components Using Medial Axis Transformation and Geometric Reasoning," J. of Manuf. Sys., vol.15, pp. 179-189, 1996.
 S.K. Gupta, D.A. Bourne, K.H. Kim and S.S.Krishnan, "Automated process planning for sheet metal bending operations," J. Manuf. Sys., vol.17, pp. 338-360, 1998.
 S.Q. Xie, Y.L. Tu, J.Q. Liu and Z.D. Zhou, "Integrated concurrent approach for compound sheet metal cutting and punching," Int. J. Prod. Res., vol.39, pp.1095-1112, 2001.
 D.B. Tang, L. Zheng, L. Zhizhong and K. Chin, "An intelligent featurebased design for stamping system," Int. J. Manuf. Technol., vol.18, pp.193-200, 2001.
 K.V. Ramana and P.V.M. Rao, "Automated manufacturability evaluation system for sheet metal components in mass production," Int. J. Prod. Res., vol. 43, pp. 3889-3913, 2005.
 S. Kumar, R. Singh and G. S. Sekhon, " CCKBS: A component check knowledge base system for accessing manufacturability of sheet metal parts," J. Mater. Process. Technol, vol. 172, pp. 64-69, 2006.
 T. Giannakakis and G.C. Vosniakos, "Sheet metal cutting and piercing operations planning and tools configuration by an expert system," Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., pp. 658-670, 2008.
 S.A. Shukor and D. A. Axinte, "Manufacturability analysis system: issues and future trends," Int. J. Prod. Res., vol.47, pp.1369- 1390, 2009.
 Z.C. Lin, C.Y. Hsu and K.H. Yao, "Planning and building an integrated design software of blanking and piercing dies (ESSCP) with a micro expert system as a main structure," J. Chin. Soc. Mech. Engrs., vol.10, pp .101-120, 1989.
 S.K. Sitaram, G.L. Kinzel and T. Altan , "A knowledge based system for process-sequence design in axi symmentric sheet metal," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol.25, pp. 247-271, 1991.
 Z. Li, J. Li, Z. Li, G. Wang and J. Xiao, "CAD/CAM of progressive dies for household electronic appliances," Proc. of Int. Conf on Adv. Technol. & Machinery in Metal Forming, Wuhan China, 1992, pp.71-77.
 A.Y.C. Nee and K.Y. Foong, "Some considerations in the design and automatic staging of progressive dies," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 29, pp. 147-158, 1992.
 B.T. Cheok and K.Y.Foong, "An intelligent planning aid for the design of progressive dies," Proc. Institu. of Mech Engg.,Part B : J. Engg. Manuf., vol.210, pp. 25-35, 1996.
 B. T. Cheok and A. Y. C. Nee, "Configuration of progressive dies," Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing, vol.12, pp. 405-418, 1998.
 S.K. Esche, S. Khamitkar, G. Kinzel and T. Altan, "Process and die design for multi-step forming of round parts from sheet metal," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 59, pp. 24-33, 1996.
 K. Huang, H. S. Ismail and K. K. B Hon, "Automated Design of Progressive Dies," Proc. Institu. of Mech Eng., Part B : J. Engg. Manuf., vol.210 (B4), pp. 367-376,1996.
 S.K. Ong, L.J. De Vin, A.Y.C. Nee and H.J.J. Kals, "Fuzzy set theory applied to bend sequencing for sheet metal bending," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 69, pp.29-36, 1997.
 S. Choudhary and V. Allada, "Integrated manufacturing system for precision press tooling," Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., vol.15, pp. 356- 365. 1999.
 R. Singh and G.S. Sekhon, "An expert system for optimal selection of a press for a sheet metal operation," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 86, pp.131-138, 1999.
 L. Caiyuan, L. Jianjun, W. Jianyong and X. Xiangzhi, "HPRODIE: using feature modeling and feature mapping to speed up progressive die design," Int. J. Prod. Res., vol. 39/18, pp. 4133 -4155, 2001.
 J.H. Kim, C. Kim and J.C. Choi, "A Study on the development of computer aided die design system for lead frame of semiconductor chip," Int. J. of Koren Soc. of Precision. Eng., vol. 2, pp.38-47, 2001.
 X. Shi, J. Chen, Y. Peng and X. Ruan, "Development of a Knowledge- Based Process Planning System for an Auto Panel," Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., vol. 19, pp. 898-904, 2002.
 G.C. Vosniakos, I. Segredou and T. Giannakakis, " Logic programming for process planning in the domain of sheet metal forming with progressive dies," J. Intell. Manuf., vol.16, pp.479-497, 2005.
 S. Kumar and R. Singh, "A knowledge-based system to automate the selection of progressive die components," Int. J. of Mater. Sci. & Surface Eng., vol.1, pp. 85-96, 2007.
 Y. Dequan, Z. Rui, C. Jun and Z. Zhen, "Research of knowledge based system for stamping process planning," Int. J. Manuf. Technol., 29, pp. 663-669, 2006.
 W.L. Chan, M.W. Fu and J. Lu, "An integrated FEM and ANN methodology for metal-formed product design," Eng. Appli. Artificial Intell. , vol.21, pp. 1170- 1181, 2008.
 Chi Z, "Mining rules from stamping die designs," 3rd Int. Conf. Innovative Compu. Information & Control, Dalian, 2008, pp.74 - 74.
 Z. Zhibing, L.Yuqi, D.Ting and L Zhigang, "Blank design and formability prediction of complicated progressive die stamping part using a multi-step unfolding method," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol.205, pp. 425-431, 2008.
 C.Y. Chu, S. B. Tor and G. A. Britton, "Theoretic algorithm for automatic operation sequencing for progressive die design," Int. J. Prod. Res., vol.46, pp. 2965-2988, 2008.
 M. Ghatrehnaby and B. Arezoo, "A fully automated nesting and piloting system for progressive dies," J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol.209, pp. 525-535, 2009.