Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30063
Chemical Degradation of Dieldrin using Ferric Sulfide and Iron Powder

Authors: Junko Hara, Yoshishige Kawabe, Takeshi Komai, Chihiro Inoue

Abstract:

The chemical degradation of dieldrin in ferric sulfide and iron powder aqueous suspension was investigated in laboratory batch type experiments. To identify the reaction mechanism, reduced copper was used as reductant. More than 90% of dieldrin was degraded using both reaction systems after 29 days. Initial degradation rate of the pesticide using ferric sulfide was superior to that using iron powder. The reaction schemes were completely dissimilar even though the ferric ion plays an important role in both reaction systems. In the case of metallic iron powder, dieldrin undergoes partial dechlorination. This reaction proceeded by reductive hydrodechlorination with the generation of H+, which arise by oxidation of ferric iron. This reductive reaction was accelerated by reductant but mono-dechlorination intermediates were accumulated. On the other hand, oxidative degradation was observed in the reaction with ferric sulfide, and the stable chemical structure of dieldrin was decomposed into water-soluble intermediates. These reaction intermediates have no chemical structure of drin class. This dehalogenation reaction assumes to occur via the adsorbed hydroxyl radial generated on the surface of ferric sulfide.

Keywords: Dieldrin, kinetics, pesticide residue, soil remediation

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1332904

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF

References:


[1] Singh P. B. and Singh V. "Pesticide bioaccumulation and plasma sex steroids in fishes during breeding phase from north India." Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. Vol. 25, 2008, pp. 345-350.
[2] Chen S., Shi L., Shan Z. and Hua Q. "Determination of organic pesticide residues in rice and fish fat by simplified two-dimensional gas chromatography" Food Chemistry. Vol. 104, 2007, pp. 1315-1319.
[3] Wang F., Jiang X., Bian Y., Yao F., Gao H., Yu G., Munch J. C. and Schroll R. "Organochlorine pesticides in soils under different land usage in the Taihu Lake region, China" Jornal of Environmental Science. Vol. 19, 2007, pp. 584-590.
[4] Kim Y., Eun H., Katase T. amd Fujiwara H. "Vertical distributions of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) caused from organochlorine pesticides in a sediment" Chemosphere. Vol.67 (3), 2007, pp. 456-463.
[5] Jones K. C., Voogt P. de. "Persistent organic pollutants (POPs): state of the science" Environmental Pollution. Vol.100, 1999, pp. 209-221.
[6] Beit O. D. El., Wheelock J. V. and Cotton D. E. (1981) " Factors affecting soil residues of dieldrin, endosulfan, y-HCH, dimenthoate and pyrolan " Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. Vol. 5, 1981, pp. 135-160.
[7] Kusvuran E. and Erbatur O. (2004) " Degradation of aldrin in adsorbed system using advanced oxidation processes: comparison of the treatment methods" Journal of Hazardous Materials. 106B., 2004, pp. 115-125.
[8] Zinovyev S. S., Shinkova N. A., Perosa A. and Tundo P. " Liquid phase hydrodechlorination of dieldrin and DDT over Pd/C and Raney-Ni" Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. Vol. 55, 2005, pp. 39-48.
[9] Maule A., Plyte S. and Quirk A. V. " Dehalogenation of organochlorine insecticides by mixed anaerobic microbial populations" Pesticide Biochemistry and physiology. Vol.27, 1987, pp. 229-236.
[10] Chiu T., Yen J., Hsieh Y. and Wang Y. "Reductive transformation of dieldrin under anaerobic sediment culture" Chemosphere. Vol.60, 2005, pp. 1182-1189.
[11] Bandala E.R., Gelover S. and Leal M. T. " Solar photocatalytic degradation of aldrin" Catalysis Today. Vol.76, 2002, pp. 189-199.
[12] Brooks G. T. "The preparation of some reductively dechlorinated analogues of dieldrin, endosulfan and isobenzan" Journal of Pesticide Science. Vol.5, 1980, pp. 565-574.
[13] Hara J., Ito H., Suto K., Inour C. and Chida T. " Kinetics of trichloroethen dechlorination with iron powder" Water Research. Vol. 39, 2005, pp.1165-1173.
[14] Hara J., Inour C., Chida T., Kawabe Y. and Komai T. " Dehalogenation of chlorinated benzenes by iron sulfide" International Journal of Power and Energy Sysmtems. 2006, pp. 239-243.
[15] Hoa T. P., Kitsuneduka, M., Hara J., Suto K. and Inour C. "Trichloroethylene transformation by natural mineral pyrite: the deciding role of pxygen" Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 42(19), 2008, pp. 7470-7475.
[16] Belzile, N., Maki S.., Chen Y. and Goldsack D. " Inhibition of pyrite oxidation by surface treatment" The Science of the Total Environment. Vol.196, 1997, pp.177-186.
[17] Weber P.A., Stewart W. A., Skinner W. M., Weisener G.G., Thomas J. E. and Smart R. St. C. "Geochemical effect of oxidation products and framboidal pyrite oxidation in acidic mine drainage prediction techniques" Applied Geochemistry. Vol.19, 2004, pp. 1953-1974.
[18] Moses C. O., Nordstrom D. K., Herman J. S. and Mills A. L. "Aqueoeous pyrite oxidation by dissolved oxygen and by ferric iron" Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. Vol.51, 1987, pp. 1561-1571.
[19] Borda M. J., Strongin D. R. and Schoonen M. A. "A vibrational spectroscopic study of the oxidation of pyrite by noleccular Oxygene" Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. Vol.68 (8), 2004, pp. 1807-1813.
[20] Krlegman-King M. and Reinhard M. "Transformation of carbon tetrachloride by pyrite in aqueous solution" Environmental Science and Technology. Vol.28, 1994, pp.962-700.
[21] Lee W. and Batchelor B. "Abiotic reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethylenes by iron-bearing soil minerals. 1. Pyrite and magnetite" Environmental Science and Technology. Vol.36, 2002, pp.5147-5154.
[22] Lee W. and Batchelor B. "Reductive capacity of natural reductants" Environmental Science and Technology. Vol.37, 2003, pp.535-541.
[23] Weerasooriya R. and Dharmasena B "Pyrite-assisted degradation of trichloroethen (TCE)" Chemosphere. Vol.42, 2001, pp. 389-396.
[24] Borda M.J., Elsetinow A.R., Strongin D. R. and Schoonen M. A. " A mechanism for the production of hydroxyl radical at surface defect site on pyrite" Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. Vol.67 (5), 2003, pp. 935-939.
[25] Belcher R., Thompson J. H. and West T.S. "Succinyl chloride as a hydrolytic reagent for the determination of water" Analytica Chimica Acta. Vol. 19, 1958, pp.148-153.