Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30302
Examining Herzberg-s Two Factor Theory in a Large Chinese Chemical Fiber Company
Authors: Ju-Chun Chien
Abstract:The validity of Herzberg-s Two-Factor Theory of Motivation was tested empirically by surveying 2372 chemical fiber employees in 2012. In the valid sample of 1875 respondents, the degree of overall job satisfaction was more than moderate. The most highly valued components of job satisfaction were: “corporate image," “collaborative working atmosphere," and “supervisor-s expertise"; whereas the lowest mean score was 34.65 for “job rotation and promotion." The top three job retention options rated by the participants were “good image of the enterprise," “good compensation," and “workplace is close to my residence." The overall evaluation of the level of thriving facilitation workplace reached almost to “mostly agree." For those participants who chose at least one motivator as their job retention options had significantly greater job satisfaction than those who chose only hygiene factors as their retention options. Therefore, Herzberg-s Two-Factor Theory of Motivation was proven valid in this study.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1063078Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 4243
 G. Spreitzer, and C. L. Porath, "Creating sustainable performance," Harvard Business Review, vol. 90, issue 1, pp. 93-99, Jan.-Feb. 2012.
 J. G. Caillier, "Funding, management, and individual-level factors: What factors matter in predicting perceived organizational effectiveness?", International Journal of Public Administration, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 413-423, June 2011.
 N. K. Natarajan, and D. Nagar, "Induction age, training duration & job performance on organizational commitment & job satisfaction," Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 46, issue 3, pp. 491-497, 2011.
 L. M. Giallonardo, C. A. Wong, and C. Iwasiw, "Authentic leadership of preceptors: Preceptor of new graduate nurses' work engagement and job satisfaction," Journal of Nursing Management, vol. 18, issue 8, pp. 993-1003, Nov. 2010.
 T. L. Zontek, C. C. DuVernois, and B. R. Ogle, "Job satisfaction and issues related to the retention of environmental health professionals in North Carolina," Journal of Environmental Health, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 10-15, Oct. 2009.
 E. B. Faragher, M. Cass, and C. L. Cooper, "The relationship between job satisfaction and health: A meta-analysis," Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 62, issue 2, pp. 105-112, Feb. 2005.
 T. Noviantoro, "Job satisfaction and life satisfaction relationship among female Indonesian migrant workers in Taiwan," unpublished master-s thesis, National Central University, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, 2010.
 L. M. Chin, "The study of the influences of current economical situation in Taiwan upon human resource management practices - case of SMEs of IT industry," unpublished master-s thesis, University of Yuan Ze, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, 2003.
 C. P. Finn, "Autonomy: An important component for nurses- job satisfaction," International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 38, issue 3, pp. 349-357, June 2001.
 M. M. Nurul Kabir, and M. M. Parvin, "Factors affecting employee job satisfaction of pharmaceutical sector," Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, vol.1, no. 9, pp. 113-123, Dec. 2011.
 P. E. Spector, "Job satisfaction: Application, assessment, causes, and consequences," Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997.
 R. M. D. B. Llorente, and E. F. Mac├¡as, "Job satisfaction as an indicator of the quality of work," The Journal of Socio-Economics, vol. 34, issue 5, pp. 656-673, Oct. 2005.
 H. Lu., A. E. While, and K. L. Barriball, "A model of job satisfaction of nurses: A reflection of nurses- working lives in Mainland China," Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 58, issue 5, pp. 468-479, June 2007.
 L. J. Liang, C. H. Lai, and W. L. Wang, "The relationship between organizational culture and employee satisfaction: The mediating effects of job stress," Performance and Strategy Research, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 17-34, Mar. 2010.
 M. L. Yang, "The effects of transformational leadership on PR practitioners' job satisfaction in Taiwan's PR agencies," Zhongguo Jingji Pinglun, vol. 19, issue 6, pp. 27-36, June 2009.
 W. S. Liou, and H. M. Chuang, "A survey of job satisfaction and its related factors of home-care service workers for the elderly: A case of Eden Social Welfare Foundation," Community Development, issue 125, pp. 454-471, June 2009.
 S. C. Huang, "A study of relationships among the salary management, salary satisfaction and job satisfaction," unpublished master-s thesis, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, 2007.
 Y. C. Lu, and S. H. Ko, "Research on job satisfaction of child care providers in Taipei County," Department of Living Science Journal, vol.12, pp. 111-140, Dec. 2008.
 C. M. Shih, and J. Y. Chen, "Perceptions of organization ethical culture and job satisfactions: A survey of bank professionals," Journal of Applied Ethics Teaching and Research, vol. 1, issue 1, pp. 66-76, Jan. 2006.
 S. W. Hsu, Y. J. Kuo, and H. H. Chen, "A study on the relationship among the internal service quality, job satisfaction and employee loyalty of the employees working in the food and beverage department of an international tourist hotel-taking the organizational culture as an extraneous variable," Journal of Hospitality and Home Economics, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 25-53, Mar. 2010.
 K. Bhatnagar, K. Srivastave, A. Singh, and S. L. Jadav, "A preliminary study to measure and develop job satisfaction scale for medical teachers," Industrial Psychiatry Journal, vol.20, issue 2, pp. 91-96, Jul-Dec 2011.
 Y. C. Huang, "The study on the relationship among job rotation, organizational justice, and organizational commitment," unpublished master-s thesis, Da Yeh University, Changhu, Taiwan, 2010.
 Y. Z. Kuo, "A study of the relationship among leadership style, personality, promoted system, and job satisfaction-Take the fifth branch of Taiwan Water Corporation for example," unpublished master-s thesis, Nanhua University, Chiayi County, Taiwan, 2011.
 S. Gazioglu, and A. Tansel, "Job satisfaction in Britain: individual and job related factors," Applied Economics, vol. 38, issue 10, pp. 1163-1171, 2006.
 C. C. Lee, and P. C. Shen, "The study of the relationship among organizational structure, job satisfaction, organizational commitment and job performance - An example of the real estate brokers," Taiwan Land Research, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 65-103, May 2008.
 J. L. Liang, and H. Y. Mao, "A study about the relationship between communication satisfaction and job Involvement - The cases of low-level labor from Taiwan, Philipine, and Thailand," Communication and Management Research, vol. 2, issue 1, pp. 23-46, July 2002.
 M. H. Lee, "The relationship among organizational culture, organizational change and job satisfaction- An empirical study of CHILIN," unpublished master-s thesis, University of National Cheng Kung, Tainan, Taiwan, 2011.
 F. Herzberg, B. Mausner, and B. Snyderman, "The motivation to work," New York: John Wiley, 1959.
 M. E. Malik, and B. Naeem, "Towards understanding controversy on Herzberg theory of motivation," Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, vol. 2, no. 11, pp. 11936-11941, 2012.
 T. Teck-Hong, and A. Waheed, "Herzberg-s motivation-hygiene theory and job satisfaction in the Malaysian retail sector: The mediating effect of love of money," Asian Academy of Management Journal, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 73-94, Jan. 2011.
 N. Bassett-Jones, and G. C. Lloyd, "Does Herzberg's motivation theory have staying power?", Journal of Management Development, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 929-934, Dec. 2005.
 G. Spreitzer, C. L. Porath, and C. B. Gibson, "Toward human sustainability: How to enable more thriving at work," Organizational Dynamics, vol. 41, issue 2, pp. 155-162, April-June 2012.
 H. P. Huang, "The effect of Two-Factor Theory on job involvement," unpublished master-s thesis, Shu-Te University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, 2009.
 Y. T. Kuan, "A study on the job satisfaction of social welfare institutions-employees based on F. Herzberg-s Two Factors Theory," unpublished master-s thesis, Shih Chien University, Taipei City, Taiwan, 2009.
 T. H. Yang, "An empirical study of Federick Herzberg-s Two-Factor Theory and teacher-s teaching effectiveness ´╝ì A survey of elementary school teachers in Taipei County," unpublished master-s thesis, Natural Taipei University of Education, Taipei City, Taiwan, 2005.
 H. C. Liu, "Employee-s non-financial reward preference," unpublished master-s thesis, Natural Central University, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, 2008.