Environmental Management in Arid Regions:The Question of Water
Only recently have water ethics received focused interest in the international water community. Because water is metabolically basic to life, an ethical dimension persists in every decision related to water. Water ethics at once express human society-s approach to water and act as guidelines for behaviour. Ideas around water are often implicit and embedded as assumptions. They can be entrenched in behaviour and difficult to contest because they are difficult to “see". By explicitly revealing the ethical ideas underlying water-related decisions, human society-s relationship with water, and with natural systems of which water is part, can be contested and shifted or be accepted with conscious intention by human society. In recent decades, improved understanding of water-s importance for ecosystem functioning and ecological services for human survival is moving us beyond this growth-driven, supplyfocused management paradigm. Environmental ethics challenge this paradigm by extending the ethical sphere to the environment and thus water or water Resources management per se. An ethical approach is a legitimate, important, and often ignored approach to effect change in environmental decision making. This qualitative research explores principles of water ethics and examines the underlying ethical precepts of selected water policy examples. The constructed water ethic principles act as a set of criteria against which a policy comparison can be established. This study shows that water Resources management is a progressive issue by embracing full public participation and a new planning model, and knowledgegeneration initiatives.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1062854Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1117
 Acreman, M. 2004. Water and Ethics: Water and Ecology. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO): Paris.
 Batz, F. J. (ed). 2001. Conference Report. International Conference on Freshwater. Secretariat of the International Conference on Freshwater, Bonn, Germany.
 Boyd, D. R. 2003. Unnatural Law: Rethinking Canadian Environmental Law and Policy. UBC Press: Vancouver and Toronto.
 Brunk, C., and S. Dunham. 2000. Ecosystem justice in the Canadian fisheries. In H. Coward, R. Ommer, and T. Pitcher (eds). Just Fish: Ethics and Canadian Marine Fisheries. Institute of Social and Economic Research: St. John-s, Newfoundland. Pages 1-37.
 Dorcey, A. H. J. 1991. Conflict resolution in natural resources management: Sustainable development and negotiation. In J. W. Handmer, A. H. J. Dorcey, and D. I. Smith (eds). Negotiating Water: Conflict Resolution in Australian Water Management. Australian National University, Canberra. Pages 20-46.
 Fry, A. 2005. Water: Facts and Trends. World Business Council for Sustainable Development. (Online) www.wbcsd.org.
 Gleick, P. H. 2000. The changing water paradigm: A look at twenty-first century water resources development. Water International 25:127-138.
 Hassan, F. A. 2004. Water and Ethics: A Historical Perspective. UNESCO: Paris.
 Hillman, M. 2004. The importance of environmental justice in stream rehabilitation. Ethics, Place and Environment 7:19-43.
 Hochachka, G. 2005. Developing Sustainability, Developing the SelfÔÇö An Integral Approach to Community and International Development. POLIS Project on Ecological Governance and Drishti, Centre for Integral Action: Victoria.
 Hurka, T. 1993. Ethical principles. In H. Coward and T. Hurka, (eds). Ethics and Climate Change: The Greenhouse Effect. Wilfred Laurier University Press: Waterloo. Pages 23-38.
 International Conference on Water and the Environment (ICWE). 1992. The Dublin Statement on Water and Sustainable Development. International Conference on Water and the Environment: Dublin, Ireland. (Online) http://www.un-documents.net/h2o-dub.htm
 International Law Association (ILA). 1967. Helsinki Rules on the Uses of the Waters of International Rivers. International Law Association: London. (Online)http://www.internationalwaterlaw.org/IntlDocs/Helsinki_Rules. htm. Accessed February 2006.
 Lee, K. 2005. Is nature autonomous? In T. Heyd (ed). Recognizing the Autonomy of Nature: Theory and Practice. Columbia University Press: New York. Pages 54-74
 Low, N., and B. Gleeson. 1998. Justice, Society and Nature: An Exploration of Political Ecology. Routledge: London and New York.
 Low, N., and B. Gleeson. 1999. One Earth: Social & Environmental Justice. Australian Conservation Foundation Inc.: Fitzroy, Australia.
 Mitchell, B., and D. Shrubsole. 1994. Canadian Water Management: Visions for Sustainability. Canadian Water Resources Association: Cambridge, Canada.
 Postel, S., and B. Richter. 2003. Rivers for Life: Managing Water for People and Nature. Island Press: Washington.
 Priscoli, J. D., J. Dooge, and R. Llamas. 2004. Water and Ethics: Overview. UNESCO: Paris.
 Rijsberman, F., and A. Mohammed. 2003. Water, food and environment: conflict or dialogue? Water Science and Technology 47:53-62.
 Selborne, L. 2000. The Ethics of Freshwater Use: A Survey. UNESCO: Paris.
 Stone, D. A. 2002. Policy Paradox: The Art of Political Decision Making, Revised edition. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.: New York.
 United Nations (UN). 1993. Agenda 21: Earth SummitÔÇöThe United Nations Programme of Action from Rio. (Online) http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/documents/agenda21/eng lish/agenda21toc.htm.
 United Nations (UN). 2003. Executive Summary: Water For People, Water For Life: UN World Water Development Report. United Nations: London.
 United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). 2006. Environmental Justice. USEPA. (Online) http://www.epa.gov/environmentaljustice
 Wenz, P. S. 1988. Environmental Justice. State University of New York Press: New York.
 World Commission of Environment and Development (WCED). 1987. Our Common Future. Oxford University Press: Oxford and New York.