Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30172
Enhancing Operational Effectiveness in the Norwegian Army through Simulation-Based Training

Authors: B. Bakken, O. Boe

Abstract:

The Norwegian Military Academy (Army) has initiated a project with the main ambition to explore possible avenues to enhancing operational effectiveness through an increased use of simulation-based training and exercises. Within a cost/benefit framework, we discuss opportunities and limitations of vertical and horizontal integration of the existing tactical training system. Vertical integration implies expanding the existing training system to span the full range of training from tactical level (platoon, company) to command and staff level (battalion, brigade). Horizontal integration means including other domains than army tactics and staff procedures in the training, such as military ethics, foreign languages, leadership and decision making. We discuss each of the integration options with respect to purpose and content of training, "best practice" for organising and conducting simulation-based training, and suggest how to evaluate training procedures and measure learning outcomes. We conclude by giving guidelines towards further explorative work and possible implementation.

Keywords: Effectiveness, integration, simulation, training.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1062724

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1118

References:


[1] B. Herz, and W. Merz, "Experiential Learning and the Effectiveness for Economic Simulation Games". Simulation and Gaming, 29(2):238-250, 1998.
[2] P. J. Smith, and E. Sadler-Smith, Learning in organizations. Complexities and diversities. Routledge, 2006.
[3] C. Argyris, and D. A. Schön, D. A, Organizational Learning II: Theory, Method and Practice. Addison-Wesley, 1996.
[4] B. Brehmer, Dynamic Decision Making in Command and Control. In: McCann and Pigeau (eds): The Human in Command: exploring the modern military experience. Pp. 233-248. Kluwer, New York, 2000.
[5] Brehmer, B. 2002. Learning to control a dynamic system. Unpublished manuscript, Swedish National Defence College, Stockholm.
[6] Brehmer, B. 2006. One loop to rule them all. Proceedings of the 11th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, Cambridge, UK.
[7] Rogers, C.T. 1994. Intuition: An imperative of command. Military Review, March 1994, 38-50.
[8] G. Klein, Sources of Power: How People Make Decisions. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1998
[9] G. Klein, Intuition at Work. New York: Doubleday, 2003.
[10] S. Valaker, "Collective sensemaking and information structures in network based operations - a human factor perspective (Kollektiv sensemaking og informasjonsstruktur i nettverksbaserte operasjoner - et human factor perspektiv)". FFI-Rapport 2007/02251. ISBN: 978-82- 464-1292-4.
[11] 14.1.2008:http://www.mil.no/start/article.jhtml?articleID=149865
[12] Haerem, T., Kuvaas, B., Karlsen, T., Bakken, B.T. 2008. Preference reversal versus consistent risk seeking among military decision makers. Manuscript submitted to Journal of Behavioral Decision Making.
[13] NDJOC. 2007. Norwegian Defence Joint Operational Doctrine (FFOD), Norwegian Defence Staff.