Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32146
Designing a Single-Floor Structure for the Control Room of a Petroleum Refinery and Assessing the Resistance of Such a Structure against Gas Explosion Load

Authors: Amin Lotfi Eghlim, Mehran pourgholi


Explosion occurs due to sudden release of energy. Common examples of explosion include chemical, atomic, heat, and pressure tank (due to ignition) explosions. Petroleum, gas, and petrochemical industries operations are threatened by natural risks and processes. Fires and explosions are the greatest process risks which cause financial damages. This study aims at designing a single-floor structure for the control room of a petroleum refinery to be resistant against gas explosion loads, and the information related to the structure specifications have been provided regarding the fact that the structure is made on the ground's surface. In this research, the lateral stiffness of single pile is calculated by SPPLN.FOR computer program, and its value for 13624 KN/m single pile has been assessed. The analysis used due to the loading conditions, is dynamic nonlinear analysis with direct integration method.

Keywords: Gas Explosion Load, Petroleum Refinery, Single-Floor Structure

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1110


[1] B.R Ellis. and D. Crowhurst, "The response of several LPS maisonettes to small gas explosions". IStructE/BRE Seminar: Structural design for Hazardous Loads: The Role of Physical Tests, Construction Press, New York, 1991.
[2] ESL-TR-87-57, Protective Construction Design Manual,U.S. Air Force Engineering and Services Center, Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, 1989.
[3] D Grote, S. Park, and Zhou, M., "Dynamic behaviour of concrete at high strain rates and pressures", Journal of Impact Engineering, Vol. 25, Pergamon Press, New York, pp. 869-886, 2001.
[4] A Longinow and KR Mniszewski, "Protecting buildings against vehicle bomb attacks", Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction , ASCE, New York, pp. 51-54, 1996.
[5] G.H. Norris, R.J Hansen, Holly, M.J., Biggs, J.M., Namyet, S. and Minami, J.K., Structural design for dynamic loads, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA. 1959.
[6] "Structures to Resist the Effects of Accidental Explosions", Department of the Army Technical Manual TM5-1300, Depart of Navy Publication NA VFAC P-397, Department of Air Force Manual AFM 88-12, Department of Army, The Navy and the Air Force , (1996).