Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31830
Degree and the Effect of Order in the Family on Violence against Women (VAW)

Authors: Javadi Alimohammad, Javadi Maryam


The purpose of this study attempts to emphasize the factors relating to intra-family relationships (order point of view) on violence against the women, For this purpose a survey technique on the sample size amounted 100 women of married of city of Ilam in country of Iran were considered. For measurement of violence against the women , the CTS scaled has been used .violence against the women be measured in four dimension ( emotional violence, psycho violence, physical violence, neglect violence). highest violence was related to emotional violence and after are as follow respectively : physical violence and neglect violence. The results showed that women have experienced the violence more than once during the last year, degree of order in family is high. Explanation result indicated that the order variables in family including collective thinking, empathy and communal co-circumstance have significant effects on violence against the women. Via multiple regression analysis variables of empathy, religious tenet and education of husband had significant effect on violence against women. In other words relationships among family effect on violence in family.

Keywords: violence, domestic violence, violence against women, family.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1196


[1] Fantuzzo, J., Boruch, R., Beriama, A.,Atkins, M., & Marcus, S. (1997). Domestic violence and children: Prevalence and risk in five major U.S. cities.Journal of the American Academy ofChild and Adolescent Psychiatry.
[2] Appel, A. E., & Holden, G. W. (1998). The co-occurrence of spouse and physical child abuse: A review and appraisal. Journal of Family Psychology.
[3] Grych, J. H., Jouriles, E. N., Swank, P. R., McDonald, R., & Norwood, W. D. (2000). Patterns of adjustment among children of battered women. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
[4] Wolfe DA.(2006), Preventing violence in relationships: psychological science addressing complex social issues.
[5] Jeffrey L. Edleson, Amanda L. Ellerton, Ellen A. Seagren, Staci L. Kirchberg, Sarah. Schmidt, Amirthini T. Ambrose (2007), "Assessing child exposure to adult domestic violence", Children and Youth Services Review.
[6] Australian Bureau of Statistics. (1996). Women-s Safety Survey. Commonwealth of Australia.
[7] Straus, M. A. (1992). Children as witnesses to marital violence: a risk factor for lifelong problems among a nationally.
[8] Carlson, B. E. (2000). Children exposed to intimate partner violence: Research findings and implications for intervention Trauma, Violence, and Abuse.
[9] Kitzmann, K. M., Gaylord, N. K., Holt, A. R., & Kenny, E. D. (2003). Child witnesses to domestic violence: A metaanalytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
[10] Wolfe, D. A., Crooks, C. V., Lee, V., McIntyre-Smith, A., & Jaffe, P. G. (2003). The effects of children's exposure to domestic violence: A metaanalysis and critique. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review.
[11] V. Mehra,(2004) Culturally competent responses for identifying and responding to domestic violence in dental care settings, California Dent.
[12] B. J. Dattel, R. Chez,(1996) Women domestic violence and the obstetrician/gynecologist, primary Care Update.
[13] Genevie`ve Lessard, Chantal Lavergne, Claire Chamberland, (2005)Dominique Damant Daniel Turcotte Conditions for resolving controversies between social actors in domestic violence and youth protection services: Toward innovative collaborative practices Canada, 19 August.
[14] Irwin J. & Wilkinson M. (1996). Women, children and domestic violence. Women against Violence.
[15] Leavitt,Jerome E. (1993).child abuse and neglect: Research and Innovation, Martinus Nijhof Publishers.
[16] Graham-Bermann, S. A. (2001). Designing intervention evaluations for children exposed to domestic violence: Applications of research and theory.
[17] Hampton, Robert & gullota, Thomas P. (1993), family violence ,sage
[18] Reder,peter & Duncan ,Silvia,lost (1999), Innocents: Follow up Study of Fatal Child Abuse,Londen,Routledge.
[19] Chalabi , massuod and rasolzadehaghdam , samad (2002) the effect of order and conflict in the family upon violence against children, Iranian journal of sociology vol.4,no.2,summer.
[20] Straus, M. A. (1979). Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The conflict tactics (CT) scales. Journal of Marriage and the Family.
[21] Straus, M. A., Hamby, S. L., Boney-McCoy, S., & Sugarman, D. B. (1996). The revised conflict tactics scales (CTS2): Development and preliminary psychometric data. Journal of Family Issues.
[22] Kolbo, J. R. (1996). Risk and resilience among children exposed to family violence. Violence and Victims.