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Simulations of Routing Protocols of Wireless Sensor Networks

Authors: Kristoffer Clyde Magsino, H. Srikanth Kamath

Abstract:

Wireless Sensor Network is widely used in electronics. Wireless sensor networks are now used in many applications including military, environmental, healthcare applications, home automation and traffic control. We will study one area of wireless sensor networks, which is the routing protocol. Routing protocols are needed to send data between sensor nodes and the base station. In this paper, we will discuss two routing protocols, such as datacentric and hierarchical routing protocol. We will show the output of the protocols using the NS-2 simulator. This paper will compare the simulation output of the two routing protocol using Nam. We will simulate using Xgraph to find the throughput and delay of the protocol.

Keywords: data-centric routing protocol, hierarchical routingprotocol, Nam, NS-2, Routing Protocol, sensor nodes, SPIN, throughput, Xgraph

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1062144

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References:


[1] Limin Wang, "Survey on Sensor Networks", Department of Computer Science and Engineering Michigan State University.
[2] W. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan, H. Balakrishnan, Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless sensor networks, in: Proceeding of the Hawaii International Conference System Sciences, Hawaii, January 2000.
[3] Wikipedia, free encyclopedia, article on Wireless sensor networks,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Routing_protocol
[4] NS-2 Simulator, http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/
[5] A Survey on routing protocols for wireless sensor networks, http://www.sciencedirect.com
[6] Wireless Sensor Networks by F. L. Lewis, http://arri.uta.edu/acs/networks/WirelessSensorNetChap04.pdf
[7] Wikipedia, free encyclopedia, article on Wireless sensor networks, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wireless_sensor_network
[8] Xgraph, http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/xgraph/
[9] Wikipedia, free encyclopedia, article on hierarchical routing, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hierarchical_routing
[10] Overview of Hierarchical Routing, http://isi.edu/nsnam/ns/docstable/ node310.html