Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31097
Effect of Soil Tillage System upon the Soil Properties, Weed Control, Quality and Quantity Yield in Some Arable Crops
Abstract:The paper presents the influence of the conventional ploughing tillage technology in comparison with the minimum tillage, upon the soil properties, weed control and yield in the case of maize (Zea mays L.), soya-bean (Glycine hispida L.) and winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in a three years crop rotation. A research has been conducted at the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The use of minimum soil tillage systems within a three years rotation: maize, soya-bean, wheat favorites the rise of the aggregates hydro stability with 5.6-7.5% on a 0-20 cm depth and 5-11% on 20-30 cm depth. The minimum soil tillage systems – paraplow, chisel or rotary grape – are polyvalent alternatives for basic preparation, germination bed preparation and sowing, for fields and crops with moderate loose requirements being optimized technologies for: soil natural fertility activation and rationalization, reduction of erosion, increasing the accumulation capacity for water and realization of sowing in the optimal period. The soil tillage system influences the productivity elements of cultivated species and finally the productions thus obtained. Thus, related to conventional working system, the productions registered in minimum tillage working represented 89- 97% in maize, 103-112% in soya-bean, 93-99% in winter-wheat. The results of investigations showed that the yield is a conclusion soil tillage systems influence on soil properties, plant density assurance and on weed control. Under minimum tillage systems in the case of winter weat as an option for replacing classic ploughing, the best results in terms of quality indices were obtained from version worked with paraplow, followed by rotary harrow and chisel. At variants worked with paraplow were obtained quality indices close to those of the variant worked with plow, and protein and gluten content was even higher. At Ariesan variety, highest protein content, 12.50% and gluten, 28.6% was obtained for the variant paraplow.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1062082Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1667
 V. Feiza, I. Deveikyte and D. Simanskaite, "Soil physical and agrochemical properties changes, weediness and yield of crops in longterm tillage experiment in Lithuania", Scientific publication, 2005, vol. 48, Agronomy, USAMV Iasi.
 G. Jitareanu, C. Ailincai and D. Bucur, "Influence of Tillage Systems on Soil Phsical and Chemical Caracteristics and Yield in Soybean and Maize Grown in the Moldavian Plain (North - Eastern Romania)", In Soil Management for Sustainability, 2006, pp. 370-379.
 P. Moraru and T. Rusu, ÔÇ×Soil tillage conservation and its effect on soil organic matter, water management and carbon sequestration", Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 2010, vol. 8(3-4/2010), pp. 309-312.
 D. Raclot, Y. Le Dissonnais, X. Louchart, P.Andrieux, R. Moussa and M. Voltz, ÔÇ× Soil tillage and scale effects on erosion from fields to catchment in a Mediterranean vineyard area", Agriculture, ecosystems & environement, 2009, vol. 134, Issues 3-4, December 2009, pp. 201-210.
 H. Riley, M. A. Bleken, S. Abrahamsen, A. K. Bergjord and A. K. Bakken, "Effects of alternative tillage systems on soil quality and yield of spring cereals on silty clay loam and sandy loam soils in the cool, wet climate of central Norway", Soil and Tillage Research, 2005, volume 80, Issues 1-2, pp. 79-93.
 K. Romaneckas, V. Pilipavi─ìius, E. ┼áarauskis and A. Sakalauskas, "Effect of sowing depth on emergence and crop establishment of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.)", Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 2009, Vol. 7 (2), pp. 571-575.
 T. Rusu, P. Gus, I. Bogdan, P. I. Moraru, A. I. Pop, D. Clapa, I. M. Doru, I. Oroian and L. I. Pop, ÔÇ×Implications of Minimum Tillage Systems on Sustainability of Agricultural Production and Soil Conservation", Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 2009, vol. 7(2/2009), pp. 335-338.
 E. Sarauskis, K. Romaneckas and S. Buragiene, "Impact of conventional and sustainable soil tillage and sowing technologies on physicalmechanical soil properties", Environmental Res, Engineer Management, 2009a, 49(3), pp. 36-43.
 E. Sarauskis, E. Vaiciukevicius, K. Romaneckas, A. Sakalauskas and R. Baranauskaite, "Economic and energetic evaluation of sustainable tillage and cereal sowing technologies in Lithuania", Rural Development, 2009b, 4(1), pp. 280-285.
 S. Ulrich, B. Hofmann, S. Tischer and O. Christen, "Influence of Tillage on Soil Quality in a Long Term Trial in Germany", In Soil Management for Sustainability, 2006, pp. 110-116.
 PoliFact, "ANOVA and Duncan's test pc program for variant analyses made for completely randomized polifactorial experiences", 2010, USAMV Cluj-Napoca.
 SRTS, "Romanian System of Soil Taxonomy", 2003, Ed. Estfalia, Bucharest, pp. 182.