Proton-conducting PVA/PMA Hybrid Membranes for Fuel Cell Applications
Authors: Uma Thanganathan
The hybrid membranes containing inorganic materials in polymer matrix are identified as a remarkable family of proton conducting hybrid electrolytes. In this work, the proton conducting inorganic/organic hybrid membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) were prepared using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), tetraethoxyorthosilane (TEOS) and heteropolyacid (HPA). The synthesized hybrid membranes were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Thermogravimetry analysis (TGA). The effects of heteropolyacid incorporation on membrane properties, including morphology and thermal stability were extensively investigated.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1061920Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2225
 Y. Park, and M. Nagai, "Proton exchange nanocomposite membranes based on 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, silicotungstic acid and ╬▒-zirconium phosphate hydrate," Solid State Ionics, vol. 145, no. 1-4, pp. 149-160, Dec 2001.
 H. Steininger, M. Schuster, K. D. Kreuer, A. Kaltbeitzel, B. Bingo, W. H. Meyer, S. Schauff, G. Brunklaus, J. Maier, and H. W. Spiess, "Intermediate temperature proton conductors for PEM fuel cells based on phosphonic acid as protogenic group: A progress report," Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1764-1773, Feb 2007.
 F. Denver, N. D. Cheddie, and H. Munroe, "A two-phase model of an intermediate temperature PEM fuel cell," Intl. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 832-841, May 2007.
 K. G. Neoh, K. K. Tan, P. L. Goh, S. W. Huang, E. T. Kang, and K. L. Tan, "Electroactive polymer-SiO2 nanocomposites for metal uptake," Polymer, vol 40, no. 4, pp. 887-893, Feb 1999.
 J. W. Cho, and K. I. Sul, "Characterization and properties of hybrid composites prepared from poly(vinylidene fluoride-tetrafluoroethylene) and SiO2," Polymer, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 727-736, Jan 2001.
 C. J. Brinker, and G. Scherrer, "Sol-gel Science-The Physics and Chemistry of Sol-gel Processing," Academic Press, San Diego (1989).
 K. D. Kreuer, "Proton conductivity: Materials and applications," Chem. Mater. Vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 610-641, Mar 1996.
 I. Honma, S. Hirakawa, K. Yamada, and J. M. Bae, "Synthesis of organic/inorganic nanocomposites protonic conducting membrane through sol-gel processes," Solid State Ionics, vol. 118, no 1-2. , pp. 29-36, Mar 1999.
 I. Honma, Y. Takeda, and J. M. Bae, "Protonic conducting properties of sol-gel derived organic/inorganic nanocomposite membranes doped with acidic functional molecules," Solid State Ionics, vol. 120, no. 1-4 , pp. 255-264, May 1999.
 I. Honma, S. Nomura, and H. Nakajima, "Protonic conducting organic/inorganic nanocomposites for polymer electrolyte membrane," J. Membr. Sci. vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 83-94, Jan 2001.
 B. S. Pivovar, Y. Wang, and E. L. Cussler, "Pervaporation membranes in direct methanol fuel cells," J. Membr. Sci. vol. 154, no. 2, pp. 155-162, July 1999.
 S. Y. Kim, H. S. Shin, Y. M. Lee, and C. N. Jeong, "Properties of electroresponsive poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(acrylic acid) IPN hydrogels under an electric stimulus," J. Appl. Polym. Sci., vol. 73, no. 9, pp. 1675-1683, Aug 1999.
 J. W. Rhim, H. B. Park, C. S. Lee, J. H. Jun, D. S. Kim, and Y. M. Lee, "Crosslinked poly(vinyl alcohol) membranes containing sulfonic acid group: proton and methanol transport through membranes," J. Membr. Sci. vol 238, no. 1-2, pp. 143-151, Sept 2004.
 D. S. Kim, H. B. Park, J. W. Rhim, and Y. M. Lee, "Preparation and characterization of crosslinked PVA/SiO2 hybrid membranes containing sulfonic acid groups for direct methanol fuel cell applications," J. Membr. Sci. vol. 240, no. 1-2, pp. 37-48, Sept 2004.
 J. Kerres, W. Cui, R. Disson, and W. Neubrand, "Development and characterization of crosslinked ionomer membranes based upon sulfinated and sulfonated PSU crosslinked PSU blend membranes by disproportionation of sulfinic acid groups," J. Membr. Sci., vol. 139, no. 2, pp. 211-225, Jan 1998.
 M. S. Kang, S. H. Cho, S. H. Kim, Y. J. Choi, and S. H. Moon, "Electrodialytic separation characteristics of large molecular organic acid in highly water-swollen cation-exchange membranes," J. Membr. Sci., vol. 222, no. 1-2, pp. 149-161, Sept 2003.
 M. S. Kang, Y. J. Choi, and S. H. Moon, "Water-swollen cation-exchange membranes prepared using poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/poly(styrene sulfonic acid-co-maleic acid) (PSSA-MA)," J. Membr. Sci. vol. 207, no. 2, pp. 157-170, Sept 2002.
 Kim, J. H., Min, B. R., Lee, K. B., Won, J. and Kang, Y. S., Coordination structure of various ligands in crosslinked PVA to silver ions for facilitated olefin transport, Chem. Comm., 2002, 2732-2733.
 Y. Jin, J. C. Diniz da Costa, and G. Q. Lu, "Proton conductive composite membrane of phosphosilicate and polyvinyl alcohol," Solid State Ionics, vol. 187, no-1-4, pp. 937-942, May 2007.
 S. Panero, P. Fiorenza, M. A. Navarra, J. Romanowska, and B. Scrosati, "Silica-added, composite poly(vinyl alcohol) membranes for fuel cell application," J. Electrochem Soc., vol. 152, no. , pp. A2400-A2405, Oct 2005.
 V. Metha, and J. S. Cooper, "Review and analysis of PEM fuel cell design and manufacturing," J. Power Sources, vol. 114, no. 1, pp. 32-53, Feb 2003.
 N. W. DeLuca, and Y. A. Elabd, "Nafion®/Poly(vinyl alcohol) Blends: Effect of Composition and Annealing Temperature on Transport Properties," J. Membr Sci., vol. 282, no. 1-2, pp. 217-224, Oct 2006.
 J. H. Kim, and Y. M. Lee, "Gas permeation properties of poly(amide-6-b-ethylene oxide)-silica hybrid membranes," J. Membr. Sci., vol. 193, no. 2, pp. 209-225, Nov 2001.
 C. I. Shao, H. Y. Kim, J. Gong, B. Ding, D. R. Lee, and S. J. Park, "Fiber mats of PVA/silica composite via electro spinning," Mater. Lett. Vol. 57, no. 9-10, pp. 1579-1584, Feb 2003.
 M. Nogami, R. Nagao, and C. Wong, "proton conduction in porous silica glasses with high water content," J. Phys. Chem. B., vol. 102, no. 30 , pp. 5772-5775, July 1998.
 I. Honma, O. Nishikawa, T. Sugimoto, S. Nomura, and H. Nakajima, "A sol-gel derived organic/inorganic hybrid membrane for intermediate temperature PEFC," Fuel Cells, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 52-58, Sep 2002.