Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30673
Effects of Late Sowing on Quality of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.)

Authors: Mokhtar Ghobadi, Mohammad-Eghbal Ghobadi


Coriander is an annual and herbaceous plant, belong to the apiaceae family. This plant is cultivated world widely. It is well known for having medicinal properties. The aim of this experiment was to study seed quality of species grown in Kermanshah conditions. The experiment was carried out in research farm, Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran. Coriander (local type) was grown in late spring May (5th and 20th) and Jun (4th and 19th), and plant density (10, 30, 50 and 70 plants m-2) in 2009. The experimental plots were laid out in a factorial according to a randomized complete block design with three replications. The fruits were harvest between 83.5 – 106.5 days after sowing. The essential oil and oil content was extracted by Clevenger and Soxhlet apparatuses, respectively. Results showed that delay at planting date increased the oil content. Also, with the increase at plant density was decreased oil content and essential oil.

Keywords: Essential Oil, plant density, oil content, coriander, late sowing

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1721


[1] A. Akbarinia, J. Daneshian, and F. Mohammadbiegi, "Effect of nitrogen fertilizer and density on seed yield, essential oil and oil content of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.)," Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 2006, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 410-418.
[2] A. Carrubba, and V. Ascolillo, "Effects of organic and chemical Nfertilization on yield and morphobiological features in Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.)," Acta Hort., 2009 , vol. 826, pp. 35-42.
[3] A. Carrubba, R. Torre, and I. Calabrese, "Cultivation trials of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) in a semi-arid mediterranean environment," Acta Hort., 2002, vol. 576, pp. 237-242.
[4] A. Carrubba, R. Torre, F. Saiano and G. Alonzo, "Effect of sowing time on Coriander performance in a semi-arid Mediterranean environment," Crop Science, 2006, vol. 46, pp. 437-447.
[5] A. Gil, E. Fuente, A. Lenardis, S. Lorenzo and J. Marengo, "Coriander (Corianderum sativum L.) yields response to plant populations," Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants, 1999, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 63-73.
[6] A. Khashmelmous, "Effect of irrigation intervals on yield and quality of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.)," Acta Hort., 1984, vol. 143, pp. 347-352.
[7] B. M. Lawrence, "A planning scheme to evaluate new aromatic plants for the flavor and fragrance industries," New crops, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1993, pp. 620-627.
[8] E. Morteza, G. A. Akbari, S. A. Mohammad Modares Sanavi and H. Aliabadi Farahani, "Effects of sowing date and planting density on quantity and quality features in valerian (Valeriana officinalis L.)," Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, 2009, Vol. 1, no. 9, pp. 201-205.
[9] F. Ayanoglu, A. Mert, N. Aslan, and B. Gurbuz, "Seed yields, yield components and essential oil of selected Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) lines," Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants, 2002, vol. 9, no. 2-3, pp. 71-76.
[10] G. C. Arganosa, F. W. Sosulski, and A. E. Slikard, "Seed yields and essential oil of northern-grown Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.)," Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants, 1998, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 23-32.
[11] I. Telci, O. Gul Toncer and N. Sahbaz, "Yield, essential oil content and composition of Coriandrum sativum varieties (var. vulgare Alef and var. microcarpum DC.) grown in two different locations," The Journal of Essential Oil Research, 2006, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 189-193.
[12] J. A. Pino, A. Rosado, V. Fuentes, "Chemical composition of the seed oil of Coriandrum sativum L. from Cuba," J. of Essent. Oil Res., 1996, vol. 8, pp. 97-98.
[13] J. W. Purseglove, E. G. Brown, C. L. Green, and S. R. J. Robbins, "Spices, " London and New York, 1981, pp. 744-769.
[14] M. Ayub, M. A. Nadeem, A. Tanveer, M. Tahir, M.T.Y. Saqib and R. Nawaz, "Effect of different sowing methods and times on the growth and yield of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill)," Pak. J. Bot., 2008, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 259-264.
[15] M. Olle and I. Bender "The content of oils in umbelliferous crops and its formation," Agronomy Research 8 (Special Issue III), 2010, pp. 687- 696.
[16] N. Bhuiyan, J. Begum, and M. Sultana, "Chemical composition of leaf and seed essential oil of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) from Bangladesh," Bangladesh Journal Pharmacology, 2009, vol. 4, pp. 150- 153.
[17] R. Figueiredo, M. Marques, J. Nakagawa, and L. Ming, " Composition of coriander essential oil," Acta Hort., 2004, vol. 629, pp. 135-137.
[18] R. Ravi, M. Prakash, and K. Bhat, "Aroma characterization of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) oil samples, European Food research and technology, " 2007. vol. 225, pp. 367-374.
[19] S. Gusmao, M. Gusmao, J. Padua, and L. Braz, " Behavior of the wild Coriander (Erygium foetidum L.) in subtropical conditions ," Acta Hort., 2002, vol. 569, pp. 209-212
[20] S. M. Gujar, A. D. Warade, A. Mohariya and D. H. Paithankar, "Effect of dates of sowing and nitrogen levels on growth, seed yield and quality of Coriander," Crop Research, 2005, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 288-291.
[21] S. Norashikin, O. Rozita, Y. Wan Azriza, D. Rossuriati Dol, "Subcritical water extraction of essential oil from coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) seeds," The Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 2008, vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 22-24.
[22] S. Ramezani, M. Rahmanian, R. Jahanbin, F. Mohajeri, M. R. Rezaei, and B. Solaimani, "Diurnal changes in essential oil content of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) aerial parts from Iran, " Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 2009, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 277-281 .
[23] T. Potter, I. Fagerson and L. Craker, "Composition of Vietnamese Coriander leaf oil," Acta Hort., 1993, vol. 344, pp. 305-311.