Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32131
An Overview of Islanding Detection Methods in Photovoltaic Systems
Abstract:The issue of unintentional islanding in PV grid interconnection still remains as a challenge in grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems. This paper discusses the overview of popularly used anti-islanding detection methods, practically applied in PV grid-connected systems. Anti-islanding methods generally can be classified into four major groups, which include passive methods, active methods, hybrid methods and communication base methods. Active methods have been the preferred detection technique over the years due to very small non-detected zone (NDZ) in small scale distribution generation. Passive method is comparatively simpler than active method in terms of circuitry and operations. However, it suffers from large NDZ that significantly reduces its performance. Communication base methods inherit the advantages of active and passive methods with reduced drawbacks. Hybrid method which evolved from the combination of both active and passive methods has been proven to achieve accurate anti-islanding detection by many researchers. For each of the studied anti-islanding methods, the operation analysis is described while the advantages and disadvantages are compared and discussed. It is difficult to pinpoint a generic method for a specific application, because most of the methods discussed are governed by the nature of application and system dependent elements. This study concludes that the setup and operation cost is the vital factor for anti-islanding method selection in order to achieve minimal compromising between cost and system quality.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1061625Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 9577
 Mulhausen, J., et al. Anti-islanding today, successful islanding in the future. in Protective Relay Engineers, 2010 63rd Annual Conference for. 2010.
 Thomas Ackermann, Göran Andersson, and Lennart Söder, Distributed generation: a definition. Electric Power Systems Research, 2001. 57(3): p. 195-204.
 IEEE Recommended Practice for Utility Interface of Photovoltaic (PV) Systems, in IEEE Std 929-20002000.
 IEEE, IEEE Application Guide for IEEE Std 1547, IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems. IEEE Std 1547.2-2008, 2009: p. 1-207.
 IEA International Energy Agency, Evaluation of Islanding Detection Methods for Photovoltaic Utility Interactive Power systems, in Task V Report IEA PVPS T509: 20022002.
 IEEE, IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources With Electric Power Systems. IEEE Std 1547-2003, 2003: p. 0_1-16.
 Funabashi, T., K. Koyanagi, and R. Yokoyama. A review of islanding detection methods for distributed resources. in Power Tech Conference Proceedings, 2003 IEEE Bologna. 2003.
 Singam, B. and L.Y. Hui. Assessing SMS and PJD Schemes of Anti- Islanding with Varying Quality Factor. in Power and Energy Conference, 2006. PECon '06. IEEE International. 2006.
 Velasco, D., et al., Review of anti-islanding techniques in distributed generators. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2010. 14(6): p. 1608-1614.
 Noor, F., R. Arumugam, and M.Y. Vaziri. Unintentional islanding and comparison of prevention techniques. in Power Symposium, 2005. Proceedings of the 37th Annual North American. 2005.
 Wilsun Xu, Konrad Mauch, and Sylvain Martel, An Assessment of Distributed Generation Islanding Detection Methods and Issues for Canada. report # CETC-Varennes 2004-074 (TR), CANMET Energy Technology Centre - Varennes, Natural Resources Canada, July 2004, 53 pp., 2004.
 Xuancai, Z., et al. Analysis of the Non-detection Zone with Passive Islanding Detection Methods for Current Control DG System. in Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2009. APEC 2009. Twenty-Fourth Annual IEEE. 2009.
 Zhihong, Y., et al., Evaluation of anti-islanding schemes based on nondetection zone concept. Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, 2004. 19(5): p. 1171-1176.
 De Mango, F., et al. Overview of Anti-Islanding Algorithms for PV Systems. Part I: Passive Methods. in Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, 2006. EPE-PEMC 2006. 12th International. 2006.
 Pukar Mahat, Chen Zhe, and Birgitte Bak-Jensen. Review of islanding detection methods for distributed generation. in Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, 2008. DRPT 2008. Third International Conference on. 2008.
 Trujillo, C.L., et al., Analysis of active islanding detection methods for grid-connected microinverters for renewable energy processing. Applied Energy, 2010. 87(11): p. 3591-3605.
 Doumbia, M.L., K. Agbossou, and T.K. Bose. Islanding protection evaluation of inverter-based grid-connected hybrid renewable energy system. in Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2004. Canadian Conference on. 2004.
 Skocil, T., et al. Passive and active methods of islanding for PV systems. in Power Electronics and Applications, 2009. EPE '09. 13th European Conference on. 2009.
 Aljankawey, A.S., et al. Passive method-based islanding detection of Renewable-based Distributed Generation: The issues. Electric Power and Energy Conference (EPEC), 2010 IEEE 2010 25-27 Aug. 2010; 1- 8].
 Best, R., Phase-Locked Loops: Theory, Design, and Applications. 2nd ed1993: McGraw-Hill Inc.
 Brennan, P.V., Phase-Locked Loops: Principles and Practice1996: MacMillan Press Ltd.
 Guan-Chyun, H. and J.C. Hung, Phase-locked loop techniques. A survey. Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, 1996. 43(6): p. 609-615.
 Ward Bower and M. Ropp., Evaluation of Islanding Detection Methods for Utility-Interactive Inverters in Photovoltaic Systems, in SAND2002- 3591 Unlimited Release2002.
 Jang, S.I. and K.H. Kim. A new islanding detection algorithm for distributed generations interconnected with utility networks. in Developments in Power System Protection, 2004. Eighth IEE International Conference on. 2004.
 Kobayashi, H., et al. Method for preventing islanding phenomenon on utility grid with a number of small scale PV systems. in Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 1991., Conference Record of the Twenty Second IEEE. 1991.
 Liserre, M., et al., An Anti-Islanding Method for Single-Phase Inverters Based on a Grid Voltage Sensorless Control. Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, 2006. 53(5): p. 1418-1426.
 Sung-Il, J. and K. Kwang-Ho, An islanding detection method for distributed generations using voltage unbalance and total harmonic distortion of current. Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, 2004. 19(2): p. 745-752.
 Kunte, R.S. and G. Wenzhong. Comparison and review of islanding detection techniques for distributed energy resources. in Power Symposium, 2008. NAPS '08. 40th North American. 2008.
 Lopes, L.A.C. and S. Huili, Performance assessment of active frequency drifting islanding detection methods. Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on, 2006. 21(1): p. 171-180.
 Gwon-jong, Y., et al. Boundary conditions of reactive-power-variation method and active-frequency-drift method for islanding detection of grid-connected photovoltaic inverters. in Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2005. Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE. 2005.
 Liu, F., Y. Kang, and S. Duan. Analysis and optimization of active frequency drift islanding detection method. in Applied Power Electronics Conference, APEC 2007 - Twenty Second Annual IEEE. 2007.
 Youngseok Jung, Jaeho Choi, and G. Yu, A Novel Active Anti-islanding Method for Grid-connected Photovoltaic Inverter. Journal of Power Electronics, 2007. Vol. 7, No. 1 p. 64-71.
 Llaria, A., et al., Survey on microgrids: Unplanned islanding and related inverter control techniques. Renewable Energy, 2010. 36(8): p. 2052- 2061.
 Wen-Yeau, C. A hybrid islanding detection method for distributed synchronous generators. in Power Electronics Conference (IPEC), 2010 International. 2010.
 Jun, Y., C. Liuchen, and C. Diduch. A New Hybrid Anti-Islanding Algorithm in Grid Connected Three-Phase Inverter System. in Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2006. PESC '06. 37th IEEE. 2006.
 Menon, V. and M.H. Nehrir, A Hybrid Islanding Detection Technique Using Voltage Unbalance and Frequency Set Point. Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on, 2007. 22(1): p. 442-448.
 Ghazi, R. and N. Lotfi. A new hybrid intelligent based approach to islanding detection in distributed generation. in Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), 2010 45th International. 2010.
 Lei, D., et al. An Integrated Automatic Control System for Distributed Generation Hierarchical Islanding. in Power System Technology, 2006. PowerCon 2006. International Conference on. 2006.
 Mylène Robitaille. , et al., Islanding Detection Method for a Hybrid Renewable Energy System. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, IJRER, 2011. Vol.1 , No.1, pp.41-53.
 IEA International Energy Agency, Bas Verhoeven, and K.N. B.V., Utility Aspects of Grid Connected Photovoltaic Power systems, in Task V Report IEA PVPS T5-011998.
 Redfern, M.A., O. Usta, and G. Fielding, Protection against loss of utility grid supply for a dispersed storage and generation unit. Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, 1993. 8(3): p. 948-954.
 Wilsun, X., et al., A Power Line Signaling Based Technique for Anti- Islanding Protection of Distributed Generators—Part I: Scheme and Analysis. Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, 2007. 22(3): p. 1758-1766.
 Ropp, M.E., et al. Using power line carrier communications to prevent islanding
[of PV power systems]. in Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2000. Conference Record of the Twenty-Eighth IEEE. 2000.
 Ropp, M., et al. Discussion of a Power Line Carrier Communications- Based Anti-Islanding Scheme using a Commercial Automatic Meter Reading System. in Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Conference Record of the 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on. 2006.
 IEEE, IEEE Recommended Criteria for Terrestrial Photovoltaic Power Systems, in ANSI/IEEE Std 928-19861986. p. 0_1.
 IEEE, IEEE Recommended Practice for Utility Interface of Residential and Intermediate Photovoltaic (PV) Systems, in ANSI/IEEE Std 929- 19881987. p. 0_1.
 IEA International Energy Agency, et al., Risk Analysis of Islanding of Photovoltaic Power Systems Within Low Voltage Distribution Networks. Task V Report IEA PVPS T508: 2002, 2002.