Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31100
Removal of a Reactive Dye by Adsorption Utilizing Waste Aluminium Hydroxide Sludge as an Adsorbent

Authors: R. Songur, E. Bayraktar, U. Mehmetoglu


Removal of a reactive dye (Reactive blue 4) by adsorption utilizing waste aluminium hydroxide sludge as an adsorbent was investigated. The removal of the dye was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). In the RSM experiments; initial dye concentration, adsorbent concentration and contact time were critical parameters. RSM experiments were performed at the range of initial dye concentration 31.82-368.18 mg/L, adsorbent concentration 3.18-36.82 g/L, contact time 15.82- 56.18 h. Optimum initial dye concentration, adsorbent concentration and contact time were obtained as 108.83 mg/L, 29.36 g/L and 33.57 h respectively. At these conditions, maximum removal of the dye was obtained as 95%. The experiments were performed at the optimum conditions to verify these results and the same results were obtained.

Keywords: Adsorption, Reactive blue 4, Response surface methodology (RSM), Waste aluminium hydroxide sludge

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1690


[1] V. K. Garg, R. Kumar, and R. Gupta, "Removal of malachite green dye from aqueous solution by adsorption using agro-industry waste: a case study of Prosopis cineraria," Dyes and Pigments, vol. 62, pp. 1-10, October 2003.
[2] P. A. Carneiro, R. F. P. Nogueira, and M. V. B. Zanoni, "Homogeneous photodegradation of C.I. Reactive Blue 4 using a photo-Fenton process under artificial and solar irradiation," Dyes and Pigments, vol. 74, pp. 127-132, January 2006.
[3] M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim, and A. Ahmad, "Adsorption of methylene blue on low-cost adsorbents: A review," Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 177, pp. 70-80, December 2009.
[4] D. Karada─ƒ, "Modeling the mechanism, equilibrium and kinetics for the adsorption of Acid Orange 8 onto surfactant-modified clinoptilolite: The application of nonlinear regression analysis," Dyes and Pigments, vol. 74, pp. 659-664, April 2006.
[5] H. Yemendzhiev, Z. Alexieva, and A. Krastanov, "Decolorization of synthetic dye Reactive Blue 4 by mycelial culture of white-rot fungi Trametes versicolor 1," Biotechnol. & Biotechnol. Eq., vol. 23, pp. 1337-1339, 2009.
[6] W. T. Tsai, H. C. Hsu, T. Y. Su, K. Y. Lin, and C. M. Lin, "Removal of basic dye (methylene blue) from wastewaters utilizing beer brewery waste," Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 154, pp. 73-78, September 2007.
[7] S.C.R. Santos, V.J.P. Vilar, and R.A.R. Boaventura, "Waste metal hydroxide sludge as adsorbent for a reactive dye," Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 153, pp. 999-1008, September 2007.
[8] B. Uçar, A. Güvenç, and Ü. Mehmetoğlu, "Use of aluminium hydroxide sludge as adsorbents for the removal of reactive dyes: equilibrium, thermodynamic, and kinetic studies," Hydrol Current Res., vol. 2:2, 2011.
[9] V.K. Gupta and Suhas, "Application of low-cost adsorbents for dye removal - A review," Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 90, pp. 2313-2342, November 2008.
[10] A. Bhatnagar and M. Sillanp├ñ├ñ, "Utilization of agro-industrial and municipal waste materials as potential adsorbents for water treatmentÔÇö A review," Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 157, pp. 277-296, January 2010.
[11] G. Crini, "Non-conventional low-cost adsorbents for dye removal: A review," Bioresource Technology, vol. 97, pp. 1061-1085, May 2005.
[12] M. K─▒l─▒c┬© E. Bayraktar, S. Ates┬© and ├£. Mehmeto─ƒlu, "Investigation of extractive citric acid fermentation using response-surface methodology," Process Biochemistry, vol. 37, pp. 759-767, August 2001.