Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30075
Negative Emotions and Ways of Overcoming them in Prison
Authors: Katarzyna Czubak
Abstract:The aim of this paper is description of the notion of the death for prisoners and the ways of deal with. They express indifference, coldness, inability to accept the blame, they have no shame and no empathy. Is it enough to perform acts verging on the death. In this paper we described mechanisms and regularities of selfdestructive behaviour in the view of the relevant literature? The explanation of the phenomenon is of a biological and sociopsychological nature. It must be clearly stated that all forms of selfdestructive behaviour result from various impulses, conflicts and deficits. That is why they should be treated differently in terms of motivation and functions which they perform in a given group of people. Behind self-destruction there seems to be a motivational mechanism which forces prisoners to rebel and fight against the hated law and penitentiary systems. The imprisoned believe that pain and suffering inflicted on them by themselves are better than passive acceptance of repression. The variety of self-destruction acts is wide, and some of them take strange forms. We assume that a life-death barrier is a kind of game for them. If they cannot change the degrading situation, their life loses sense.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1061328Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1148
 T. Adorno, E. Frenkel- Braunswick, D. Levinson, R.N. Sanford, The Authoritarian personality. New York: Harper, 1950.
 E. Fromm, Serce cz┼éowieka: jego niezwyk┼éa zdolność do dobra i z┼éa. Warszawa, Wroc┼éaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2006.
 H. Becker, Outsiders: study in the sociology of deviance. New York: Harper, 1963.
 R.A. Baron, Human aggression. New York: Plenum, 1977.
 T. Mathiesen T., On saying NO to the prison system. Kriminologisches Journal, no.4, 1981.
 A. Suchańska, Przejawy i uwarunkowania psychologiczne pośredniej autodestruktywności. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 1998.
 J.P. Conrad, Crime and its correction. An international survey of attitudes and practices. Berkeley: University Of California Press, 1965.
 D. Chappel, R. Geis, G. Geis, The crime, the victim, the offender. New York: Mc Graw Hill, 1977.
 M.B. Clinard, Sociology of devant behavior. New York: Bolt, 1974.
 A. Bandura, Aggression- a social learning analysis. New Jersey: Willis, 1973.
 M. Kosewski, The prison as an aggressive social organisation, In S.Feshbach, A. Fr─àczek, Aggression and behavior change. Biological and social processes, New York: Praeger, 1979.
 R.V.G. Clarke, P. Mayhew, Designing out of crime. London: HMSP, 1980.
 R.N. Johnson, Aggression in men and animals. Philadelphia: Bolt, 1972.
 J. Dollard, L.V. Doob, N.E. Miller, O.K. Mowrer, R.R. Sears, Frustration and aggression. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1938.
 S. Wikia, Psychology- Criminology: Criminology Topics, Brain Lesion Theory of Aggression, Capital Punishment, Cesare Criminology, Crime, Crime Prewention, Crime Vi. United States: Books LLC, Wiki Series, 2012.
 R. Wortley, Psychological Criminology: An integrate approach. London: Taylor& Francis Ltd, 2010.
 E. Aronson, T. Wilson, R.M. Akert. Psychologia spo┼éeczna, Poznań : Zyski S-ka, 1997.