Application of Soft Computing Methods for Economic Dispatch in Power Systems
Economic dispatch problem is an optimization problem where objective function is highly non linear, non-convex, non-differentiable and may have multiple local minima. Therefore, classical optimization methods may not converge or get trapped to any local minima. This paper presents a comparative study of four different evolutionary algorithms i.e. genetic algorithm, bacteria foraging optimization, ant colony optimization and particle swarm optimization for solving the economic dispatch problem. All the methods are tested on IEEE 30 bus test system. Simulation results are presented to show the comparative performance of these methods.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1061174Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2319
 B. H. Chowdhury and S. Rahman, "A review of recent advances in economic dispatch," IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1248- 1259, Nov. 1990.
 A. J. Wood and B. F. Wollenberg, Power generation operation and control, 2nd ed. John Willy and Sons, 1996.
 A. I. Selvakumar and K. Thanushkodi, "A new particle swarm optimization solution to nonconvex economic dispatch problems," IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 42-51, Feb. 2007.
 M. A. Abido, "A novel multiobjective evolutionary algorithm for environmental economic power dispatch," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 71-81, April 2003.
 K. P. Wong and Y. W. Wong, "Genetic and genetic/simulated -annealing approaches to economic dispatch," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., Gen., Transm., Distrib., vol. 141, no. 5, pp. 507-513, Sept. 1994.
 N. Sinha, R. Chakrabarti, and P. K. Chattopadhyay, "Evolutionary programming techniques for economic load dispatch," IEEE Trans. Evolutionary Computations, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 83-94, Feb. 2003.
 W. M. Lin, F. S. Cheng, and M. T. Tsay, "An improved tabu search for economic dispatch with multiple minima," IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 83-94, Feb. 2003.
 J. Cai, X. Ma, L. Li, Y. Yang, H. Peng, and X. Wang, "Chaotic ant swarm optimization to economic dispatch," Electric Power System Research, vol. 77, no. 10, pp. 1373-1380, Aug. 2007.
 J. B. Park, K. Lee, J. Shin, and K. Y. Lee, "A particle swarm optimization for economic dispatch with nonsmooth cost functions," IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 34-42, Feb. 2005.
 Z. Gaing, "Particle swarm optimization to solving the economic dispatch considering the generator constraints," IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 1187-1195, Aug. 2003.
 D. N. Jeyakumar, T. Jayabarathi, and T. Raghunathan, "Particle swarm optimization for various types of economic dispatch problems," Int. J Electr. Power and Energy system, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 36-42, Jan. 2006.
 M. R. Alrashidi and M. E. El-Hawary, "A survey of particle swarm optimization applications in power system operations," Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 1349 - 1357, Dec. 2006.
 D. Goldberg and K. Deb, A Comparative Analysis of Selection Schemes Used in Genetic Algorithms. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, California, 1991, ch. Foundations of Genetic Algorithms, pp. 69-93.
 W. M. Spears and K. A. De Jong, "On the virtues of parameterized uniform crossover," in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, R. K. Belew and L. B. Booker, Eds., Morgan Kaufmann, 1991.
 F. Herrera, M. Lozano, and J. L. Verdegay, "Tackling realcoded genetic algorithms:operators and tools for behavioural analysis," Artificial Intelligence Review, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 265-319, 1998.
 D. E. Goldberg, "Realcoded genetic algorithms, virtual alphabets, and blocking," Complex Systems, vol. 5, pp. 139-167, 1991.
 J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, "Particle swarm optimization," in Proc. IEEE Intl. Conf. on Neural Networks, Perth, Australia, 1995, pp. 1942- 1948.
 Y. Shi and R. Eberhart, "Parameter selection in particle swarm optimization," in Proceedings of 7th Annual Conference on Evolution Computation, 1998, pp. 591-601.
 J. Kennedy, R. C. Eberhart, and Y. Shi, Swarm Intelligence. Morgan Kaufmann,San Francisco, 2001.
 K. M. Passino, "Biomimicry of bacterial foraging for distributed optimization and contro," IEEE. Control System Magazine, pp. 52-67, June 2002.
 M. Dorigo, "Optimization, learning and natural algorithms," Ph.D. dissertation, Dipartimento di Elettronica, Politecnico di Milano, IT, 92.
 A. Colorni, M. Dorigo, and V. Maniezzo, "Distributed optimization by ant colonies," in proc. of the First European Conf. on Artificial Life. Elsevier Science, 92, pp. 134-142.
 M. Dorigo, V. Maniezzo, and A. Colorni, "The ant system:optimization by a colony of cooperating agents," IEEE Trans. System, Man, and Cybernetics-Part B, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 1-13, Feb. 1996.
 L. M. Gambardella and M. Dorigo, "An ant colony system hybridized with a new local search for the sequential ordering problem," INFORMS Journal on Computing, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 237-255, July 2000.
 S. Kamali and J. Opatrny, "Posant: A position based ant colony routing algorithm for mobile ad-hoc networks," in Proc. Third International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Communications,ICWMC 07, March 2007.
 L. Chen, J. Shen, L. Qin, and J. Fan, A Method for Solving Optimization Problem in Continuous Space Using Improved Ant Colony Algorithm, Y. Shi, W. Xu, and Z. Chen, Eds. Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2004, vol. 3327/2005.
 M. Kong and P. Tian, Ant Colony Optimization and Swarm Intelligence. Springer-Verlag, 2006, vol. 4150/2006, ch. A Direct Application of Ant Colony Optimization to Function Optimization Problem in Continuous Domain, pp. 324-331.
 K. Socha and M. Dorigo, "Ant colony optimization for continuous domains," 2006, article in press: Eur. J. Oper. Res.
 M. Dorigo, M. Birattari, and T. Stutzle, "Ant colony optimization artificial ants as a computational intelligence technique," IEEE COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE, pp. 28-39, 2006.
 O. Alsac and B. Stott, "Optimal load flow with steady-state security," IEEE Trans. Power Apparatus Systems, vol. PAS-93, no. 3, pp. 745-751, May 1974.
 J. Hazra and A. K. Sinha, "Congestion management using multi objective particle swarm optimization," IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 1726-1734, Nov. 2007.
 Y. Liu and K. M. Passino, "Biomimicry of social foraging bacteria for distributed optimization: Models,principles, and emergent behaviors1," Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 603-628, Dec. 2002.