Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31824
Pulsation Suppression Device Design for Reciprocating Compressor

Authors: Amin Almasi


Design and evaluation of reciprocating compressors should include a pulsation study. The object is to ensure that predicted pulsation levels meet guidelines to limit vibration, shaking forces, noise, associated pressure drops, horsepower losses and fabrication cost and time to acceptable levels. This paper explains procedures and recommendations to select and size pulsation suppression devices to obtain optimum arrangement in terms of pulsation, vibration, shaking forces, performance, reliability, safety, operation, maintenance and commercial conditions. Model and advanced formulations for pulsation study are presented. The effect of the full fluid dynamic model on the prediction of pulsation waves and resulting frequency spectrum distributions are discussed. Advanced and optimum methods of controlling pulsations are highlighted. Useful recommendations and guidelines for pulsation control, piping pulsation analysis, pulsation vessel design, shaking forces, low pressure drop orifices, pulsation study report and devices to mitigate pulsation and shaking problems are discussed.

Keywords: Pulsation, Reciprocating Compressor.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 8532


[1] Enzo Giacomelli, Marco Passeri, Paolo Battagli, Mario Euzzor, Pressure Vessel Design for Reciprocating Compressor Applied in Refinery and Petrochemical Plants, Proceeding of PVP Conference, Pressure Vessel and Piping, Denver, Colorado, USA, July 17-21, 2005.
[2] Heinz P. Bloch, Compressor and Modern Process Application, John Wiley and Sons, 2006.
[3] Heinz P. Bloch, A Practical Guide To Compressor Technology, Second Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2006.
[4] Heinz P. Bloch and John J. Hoefner, Reciprocating Compressors Operation & Maintenance, Gulf Publishing Company, 1996.
[5] W. A. Griffith, E. B. Flanagan, Online Continuous Monitoring of Mechanical Condition and Performance For Critical Reciprocating Compressors, Proceeding of the 30th Turbo-machinery Symposium, Texas A&M University, Houston, TX, 2001.
[6] Dennis Tweten and Klaus Brun, The Physics of Pulsations - Part I &II, Compressor Tech Two, Nov. and Dec. 2008.
[7] S. Foreman, Compressor Valves and Unloaders for Reciprocating Compressors - An OEM's Perspective, Dresser-Rand Technology Paper,
[8] Shelley Greenfeld and Kelly Eberle, New API Standard 618 (5 TH ED.) And Its Impact on Reciprocating Compressor Package Design - Part I, II and III, Compressor Tech Two, June - July - August 2008.
[9] Brain C. Howes, Shelley D. Greenfield, Guideline in Pulsation Studies for Reciprocating Compressors, Proceeding of IPC 02, 4th International Pipeline Conference, Calgery, Alberta, Canada, Sep. 29 - Oct.3, 2002.
[10] Reciprocating Compressor for Petroleum, Chemical and Gas Service Industries, API 618 5th edition, December 2007.
[11] A. Eijk, J.P.M. Smeulers, L.E. Blodgett, A. J. Smalley, Improvements And Extensive to API 618 Related To Pulsation And Mechanical Response Studies, The Resip - A State of Art Compressor, European Forum for Reciprocating Compressor, Dresden, 4-5 Nov. 1999.
[12] Vibration in Reciprocating Machinery and Piping Systems, Engineering Dynamics Incorporated, Engineering Dynamic Incorporated (EDI), San Antonio, Texas, June 2007.
[13] I. Gyori and Gy. Joo, Computer Aided Acoustic Analysis of Reciprocating Compressor Pipeline Systems, Engineering with Computer, 3, pp. 21-33, 1987.
[14] S. H. Cho, S. T. Ahn and Y. H. Kim, A Simple Model to Estimate The Impact Force Induced By Piston Slap, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 255 (2), pp 229-242, 2002.