Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30184
Efficiency of Floristic and Molecular Markers to Determine Diversity in Iranian Populations of T. boeoticum

Authors: M. R. Naghavi, M. Maleki, S. F. Tabatabaei

Abstract:

In order to study floristic and molecular classification of common wild wheat (Triticum boeoticum Boiss.), an analysis was conducted on populations of the Triticum boeoticum collected from different regions of Iran. Considering all floristic compositions of habitats, six floristic groups (syntaxa) within the populations were identified. A high level of variation of T. boeoticum also detected using SSR markers. Our results showed that molecular method confirmed the grouping of floristic method. In other word, the results from our study indicate that floristic classification are still useful, efficient, and economic tools for characterizing the amount and distribution of genetic variation in natural populations of T. boeoticum. Nevertheless, molecular markers appear as useful and complementary techniques for identification and for evaluation of genetic diversity in studied populations.

Keywords: T. boeoticum, diversity, floristic, SSRs.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1061080

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1033

References:


[1] N.I. Vavilov, "Studies on the origin of cultivated plants". Inst Appl Bot Plant Breed, Leningrad. 1926.
[2] G. Kimber, and M. Feldman, "Wild Wheat: An Introduction". Special Report No. 353, University of Missouri, Columbia. 1987.
[3] M. Moghaddam, , B. Ehdaie, and G. Waines, "Genetic diversity in populations of wild diploid wheat Triticum urartu Thum. ex. Gandil. revealed by isozyme markers".' Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, vol 47, pp. 323-334.
[4] J. Ovesna,, L. Kucera, R. Bockova and V. Holubec,. 'Characterisation of powdery mildew resistance donors within Triticum boeoticum accessions using RAPDs.' Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Vol. 38, pp. 117-124. 2000
[5] P.K. Gupta, H.S. Balyan, P.C. Sharma and B. Ramesh, 'Microsatellites in plants: a new class of molecular markers.' Current Science, Vol. 70, pp. 45-54. 1996.
[6] S.M. Fakhre-Tabatabaei, and T. Ramak-Massoumi, "Triticum boeoticum ssp. Thaoudar existed in Iran" Cereal Research Communication Vo. 29, pp. 121-126. 2001
[7] M.R. Naghavi,, M. Mardi, H.A. Ramshini, & B. Fazelinasab, 'Comparative analyses of the genetic diversity among bread wheat genotypes based on RAPD and SSR markers.' Iranian Journal of Biotechnology Vol, 2, pp.195-202, 2004.
[8] M. Morgante,, A. Pfeiffer, I. Jurman, G. Paglia and A.M. Olivieri " Isolation of microsatellite markers in plants". In: Karp A, Isaac PG, Ingram DS (eds) Molecular tools for screening biodiversity, Plants and animals. Chapman and Hall, London. 1998.
[9] M.R. Naghavi, M. Mardi, S.M. Pirseyedi, M. Kazemi, P. Potki and M.R. Ghaffari (2006). 'Comparison of genetic variation among accessions of Aegilops tauschii using AFLP and SSR markers.' Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution Vol. 54, pp. 237-250, 2006.
[10] S. Bazgir, (2000) 'Agriclimatological zoning of wheat in dryland farming.' MS diss., University of Tehran.
[11] J. Braun Blanquet, Plant sociology. Kelttz Scientific Books, West Germany. 1983.
[12] M. Atri, 'A presentation of some aspects of the application of neosigmatist method.' Iranian Journal of Biology, Vol. 12, pp. 1, 1996
[13] J.P. Briane, Anaphyto-ver. 95, Laboratorie de systematique et ecologie vegetale Bat. 362, Universite Paris XI, Orsay 91405. 1995.
[14] M.A. Saghai-Maroof, K. Soliman, R.A. Jorgensen and R.W. Allard, 'Ribosomal DNA spacer-length polymorphisms in barley: mendelian inheritance, chromosomal location, and population dynamics.' Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of AME 81: 8014-8018. 1984.
[15] M. Nie, and W.H. Li, 'Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases.'Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of AME, Vol 76, pp. 5269- 5273. 1979
[16] M.A. Pagnotta M.A., E. Nevo, A. Beles and E. Porceddu , 'Wheat storage proteins: glutenin diversity in wild emmer, T. dicoccoides, in Israel and Turkey. 2 DNA diversity detected by PCR.' Theoritical Applied Genetics, Vol. 91, pp. 409-414. 1995.
[17] M.W. van Slageren, "Wild Wheats: a monograph of Aegilops L. and Amblyopyrum (Jaub. & Spach) Eig (Poaceae)", Wageningen Agricultural University Papers 94-7, Wageningen, the Netherlands. 1994.