Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31442
Investigation of Advanced Oxidation Process for the Removal of Residual Carbaryl from Drinking Water Resources

Authors: Ali Reza Rahmani, Mohamad Taghi Samadi, Maryam Khodadadi


A laboratory set-up was designed to survey the effectiveness of UV/O3 advanced oxidation process (AOP) for the removal of Carbaryl from polluted water in batch reactor. The study was carried out by UV/O3 process for water samples containing 1 to 20 mg/L of Carbaryl in distilled water. Also the range of drinking water resources adjusted in synthetic water and effects of contact time, pH and Carbaryl concentration were studied. The residual pesticide concentration was determined by applying high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The results indicated that increasing of retention time and pH, enhances pesticide removal efficiency. The removal efficiency has been affected by pesticide initial concentration. Samples with low pesticide concentration showed a remarkable removal efficiency compared to the samples with high pesticide concentration. AOP method showed the removal efficiencies of 80% to 100%. Although process showed high performance for removal of pesticide from water samples, this process has different disadvantages including complication, intolerability, difficulty of maintenance and equipmental and structural requirements.

Keywords: AOP, Carbaryl, Pesticides, Water treatment.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2136


[1] M. Bavcon Kralj, U. Cernigoj, M. Franko, and P. Trebse, "Comparison of photocatalysis and photolysis of malathion, isomalathion, malaoxon and commercial malathion- products and toxicity studies", Water Res., vol. 41, 2007, pp. 4504-4514.
[2] K. Ikehata, and M. Gamal El-Din, "Aqueous pesticide degradation by ozonation and ozone- based advanced oxidation processes: a review (part ll)", Ozone: Sci. Eng., vol. 27, 2005, pp. 173-202.
[3] S. Beijani, Y. Assadi, M. Anbia, M.R. Milani Hosseini, and E. Aghaee, "Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with gas chromatography- flame photometric detection very simple, rapid and sensitive method for the determination of organophosphorus pesticides in water", Chromatography, vol. 1123, 2006, pp. 1-9.
[4] S.B. Lartiges, and P.P. Garrigues, "Degradation kinetics of organophosphorus and organonitrogen pesticides in different waters under various environmental conditions", Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 29, 1995, pp. 1245-1254.
[5] Statistical Centre of Iran (SCI), Iran statistical year book (2006-2007). Statistical Centre of Iran, Tehran, Iran, 2007.
[6] R.C. Honeycutt, and D.J. Schabcker, "Mechanisms of pesticides movement into ground water", CRC press, Bocaraton, FL, 1994.
[7] M.I. Badawy, Y. Ghaly Motaser, and A. Gad-Allah Tarek, "Advances oxidation processes for the removal of organophosphorus pesticides from wastewater", Desal., vol. 194, 2006, pp. 166-175.
[8] C. Bolognesi, and G. Morasso, "Genotoicity of pesticides: potential risk for consumers", Trends in Food Sci. and Technol.,vol. 11, 2000, pp. 182-187.
[9] A. Zohair, "Behavior of some organophosphorus and organochlorine pesticides in potatoes during soaking in different solutions", Food Chem. Toxicol., vol. 39, 2001, pp. 351-355.
[10] S. Padilla, R.S. Marshall, D.L. Hunter, S. Oxendine, V.C. Moser, S.B. Southerland, and R.B. Mailman, "Neurochemical effects of chronic dietary and reated high level acute exposure to chlorpyrifos in rats", Toxicol. Sci. Vol. 88, 2005, pp. 161-171.
[11] J.A. Firestone, T. Smith-Weller, G. Franklin, and P.H. Swanson, "Pesticides and risk of Parkinson disease", Arch. Neurol., vol. 62, 2005, pp. 91-95.
[12] Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran (ISIRI), Quality standards of drinking water. Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran, Tehran, Iran, 1998.
[13] D. Arapoglou, A. Vlyssides, C. Israilides, A. Zorpas, and P. Karlis, "Detoxification of methyl-parathion pesticide in aqueous solutions by electrochemical oxidation", Haz. Mat., vol. B98, 2003, pp. 191-199.
[14] Y.H. Liu, Y. Liu, Z.S. Chen, J. Lian, X. Huang, and Y.C. Chung, "Purification and characterization of a novel organophosphorus pesticide hydrolase's from penicillium lilacimum PB303", Enzyme Mirob. Tech., vol. 34, 2004, pp. 297-303.
[15] F.J. Real, F.J. Benitez, L. Juan, and M. Gonzalez, "Removal of diazinon by various advanced oxidation processes", Chem. Technol. Biot., vol. 82, 2007, pp. 566-574.
[16] S.K. Kim, B. Soo Oh, W.J. Kang, D.M. Chung, W.H. Cho, and Y.K. Chi, "Effect of ozone and GAC process for the treatment of micropollutants and DBPs control in drinking water: pilot scale evaluation", Ozone: Sci. Eng., vol. 27, 2005, pp. 69-79.
[17] K. Exall, and G.W. Vanloon, "Using coagulants to remove organic matter", AWWA, vol. 92, 2000, pp. 93-103.
[18] I. Seiichi, U. Naoko, O. Yuji, I. Yoshikazu, H. Masayuki, N. Eri, T. Yasunori, and B. Kenzo, "Removal efficiency for pesticides on coagulation and sedimentation using coagulant from water supply sludge", Japan Society of Water Environ., vol. 29, 2006, pp. 653-658.
[19] R. Boussahel, S. Bouland, K.M. Moussaoui, and A. Montial, "Removal of pesticide residues in water using the nanofiltration process", Desal., vol. 132, 2000, pp. 205-209.
[20] W.R. Chen, C. Wu, M.S. Elovitz, K.G. Linden, and I.H. Suffet, "Reactions of thiocarbamate, triazine and urea herbicides, RDX and benzenes on EPA contaminant candidate list with ozone and with hydroxyl radicals", Water Res.,vol. 42, 2008, pp. 137-144.
[21] W.S. Kuo, "Photocatalytic oxidation of pesticide rinsate", Environ. Sci. Health, vol. 37, 2002, pp. 65-74.
[22] APHA, AWWA, WPCF, Standard Method for the examination of water and wastewater. American health association publication office, 19th edition, Washington D.C., USA, 1998.
[23] J. Wu, T. Luan, C.H. Lan, T.W.H. Lo, and G.Y.S. Chan, "Removal of residual pesticides on vegetable using ozonated water", Food Control, vol. 18, 2007, pp. 466-472.
[24] R. Anderozzi, V. Caprio, A. Insola, and R. Marotta, "Advanced oxidation processes (AOP) for water purification and recovery", Catal. Today, vol. 53, 1999, pp. 51-59.
[25] M.I. Maldonado, S. Malato, L.A. Perez-Estrada, W. Gernjak, I. Oller, X. Doménech, and J. Peral, "Partial degradation of five pesticides and an industrial pollutant by ozonation in a pilot plant scale reactor", Haz. Mat., vol. 138, 2006, pp. 364-369.
[26] N. Daneshvar, M.J. Hejazi, B. Rangarangy, and A.R. Khataee, "Photocatalytic degradation of an organophosphorus pesticide phosalone in aqueous suspensions of titanium dioxide", Environ. Sci. Health, vol. 39, 2005, pp. 285-296.
[27] W.K. Lafi, and Z. Al-Qoda, "Combined advanced oxidation and biological treatment processes for the removal of pesticides from aqueous solutions", Haz., Mat., vol. 137, 2006, pp. 489-497.