Assessing Pre-Service Teachers' Computer PhobiaLevels in terms of Gender and Experience, Turkish Sample
In this study it is aimed to determine the level of preservice teachers- computer phobia. Whether or not computer phobia meaningfully varies statistically according to gender and computer experience has been tested in the study. The study was performed on 430 pre-service teachers at the Education Faculty in Rize/Turkey. Data in the study were collected through the Computer Phobia Scale consisting of the “Personal Knowledge Questionnaire", “Computer Anxiety Rating Scale", and “Computer Thought Survey". In this study, data were analyzed with statistical processes such as t test, and correlation analysis. According to results of statistical analyses, computer phobia of male pre-service teachers does not statistically vary depending on their gender. Although male preservice teachers have higher computer anxiety scores, they have lower computer thought scores. It was also observed that there is a negative and intensive relation between computer experience and computer anxiety. Meanwhile it was found out that pre-service teachers using computer regularly indicated lower computer anxiety. Obtained results were tried to be discussed in terms of the number of computer classes in the Education Faculty curriculum, hours of computer class and the computer availability of student teachers.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1061032Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1850
 Anthony, L. M, Clarke, M. C., & Anderson, S. J. (2000). Technophobia and personality subtypes in a sample of South African university 16, 31-44.
 Brosnan, M. (1998) The impact of psychological gender, gender-related perceptions, significant others and the introducer of technology upon computer anxiety in students. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 18(1), 63-78.
 Bross, A. (2005).Gender and information and communication technologies (ICT) anxiety: Male self-assurance and female hesitation, CyberPsychology & Behavior 8 (1) , 21-31
 Bozionelos, N. (1996). Psychology of computer use: Prevalence of computer anxiety in British managers and professionals. Psychological Reports, 78(3), 995-1002.
 Bozionelos, N.(2004).Socio-economic background and computer use: the role of computer anxiety and computer experience in their relationship, International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 61 (5), 725-746.
 Beckers J.J. and Schmidt, H.G. (2003) Computer experience and computer anxiety, Computers in Human Behavior 19 (6), 785-797
 Chua et al., 1999. Computer anxiety and its correlates: a meta-analysis. Computers in Human Behavior. v15. 609-623.
 Choi, G., Ligon, J.and Ward, J.(2002), Computer anxiety and social workers: differences by access, use and training, Journal of Technology in Human Services 19, 1-12.
 Colley, A. and Comber, C. (2003) Age and gender differences in computer use and attitudes among secondary school students: what has changed? Educational Research, 45(2),155-165
 Compton, D. M., Burkett, W. H., & Burkett, G. G. (2003). No sex difference in perceived competence of computer use among male and female college students in 2002. Psychological Reports, 92(2), 503-511.
 Dyck, J. L., & Smither, J. A. (1994). Age differences on computer anxiety: the role of computer experience, gender and education. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 10 (3), 239-248.
 Jay, T. (1981). Computerphobia: What to do about it. Educational Technology, 21, 47-48.
 Keating, M. F. (1996).The relationship between technofobia and teachers- implementation of an elementary school computer-assisted instructional delivery model. A Dissertation on the Doctor of Education. The Graduate School of the University of Florida. UMI Number: 9703555.
 Kernan, M.C. and Howard, G.S. (1990). Computer anxiety and computer attitudes: An investigation of construct and predictive validity issues, Educational and Psychological Measurement 50, 681-690
 King,J.,Bond,T., & Blandford,S.(2002).An investigation of computer anxiety by gender and grade. Computers in Human Behavior, 18(1), 856-869.
 Koohang, A. (1989). Computerphobia: An empirical study." ERIC. ED 306 984.
 G├╝rcan-Namlu, A., & Ceyhan, E.(2003).Computer anxiety:Multidimensional analysis on teacher candidates. Educational Sciences:Theory & Practice, 3(2),401-432
 Gordon et al.(2003). The factor structure of the Computer Anxiety Rating Scale and the Computer Thoughts Survey. Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 19, Issue 3, May 2003, Pages 291-298
 Hallam,T.A.(2008). Sociocultural Influences on Computer Anxiety Among Preservice Teachers: An Exploratory Study.Unpublished Dissertation,University of Akron,Akron,OH.
 Hardy, M. D. (2003). "It should have been stressed in all education classes": Preparing pre-service teachers to teach with technology. Report: Searcy, AR. (Eric Document Reproduction Service No. ED 478379).
 Havelka,D., Beasley,F. and Broome, T.(2004).A study of computer anxiety among business students-. Mid-American Journal of Business 19(1), 63-71
 Hogan, M. (2005) An Technophobia amongst older adults in Ireland. The Irish Journal of Management, Special Issue ,27(1), 57-77
 McIlroy, D., Bunting, B. Tierney, K. & Gordon, M. (2001). The relation of gender and background experience to self-reported computing anxieties and cognition. Computers in Human Behavior, 17, 21-33.
 Mcilroy, D. & Bunting, B. (2003). Personality, behavior, and academic Achievement: Principles for educators to inculcate and students to model. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 27, 326-337.
 McIlroy, D., Sadler, C. & Boojawon, N. (2007). Computer phobia and computer self-efficacy: their association with undergraduates- use of university computer facilities. Computers in Human Behaviour, 23, 1285-1299
 Parasuraman, S., & Igbaria, M. (1990). An examination of gender differences in the determinants of computer anxiety and attitudes toward microcomputers among managers. International Journal of Man- Machine Studies, 32, 327-340.
 Rizza, M. G. (2000). Perspectives on preservice teachers' attitudes toward technology. The Teacher Educator, 36(2), 132-147
 Roblyer, M. (2003). Integrating educational technology into teaching (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J: Merrill/Prentice Hall.
 Rosen, L.D., Sears, D.C. & Weil, M.M. (1987) Computerphobia, Behavior Research Methods, Instruments and Computers, 19:167-179
 Rosen,L.D., & Maguire,P.(1990). Myths and realities of computerphobia: a meta-analysis. Anxiety Reaserch, 3(3),175-191
 Rosen, L.D., & Weil, M.M.(1995). Computer anxiety: a cross cultural comparison of university students in ten countries. Computers in Human Behavior, 11(1), 45-64.
 Rosen, L. D., & Weil, M. M. (1992). Measuring Technophobia. A manual for the administration and scoring of the computer anxiety rating scale, the computer thoughts survey and the general attitude toward computer scale. USA: Chapman University.
 Schulenberg, S., Yutrzenka, B, & Gohm, C. (2006) The Computer Aversion, Attitudes, and Familiarity Index (CAAFI): A measure for the study of computer-related constructs. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 34(2), 129-146.
 Selwyn, N. (2003).Apart from technology: understanding people-s nonuse of information and communication technologies in everyday life. Technology in Society, 25(1), 99-116
 Tekinarslan,E.(2008).A cross-cultural comparative study of Dutch and Turkish university students, Computers in Human Behavior, 24(4), 1572-1584 .
 Thorpe, S. J., & Brosnan, M. (2007). Does computer anxiety reach levels which conform to DSM IV criteria for specific phobia? Computers in Human Behavior, 23(3), 1258-1272.
 Todman, J. (2000). Gender differences in computer anxiety among university entrants since 1992. Computers & Education, 34(1), 27-35
 Todman, J., & Monaghan, E. (1994). Qualitative differences in computer experience, computer anxiety and students' use of computers: a path model. Computers in Human Behavior, 10 (4), 529-539.
 Todman, J., and Day, K. (2006). Computer anxiety: the role of psychological gender. Computers in Human Behavior, 22(5), 856-869.
 Todman, J. & Drysdale, E. (2004) Effects of qualitative differences in initial and subsequent computer experience on computer anxiety. Computers in Human Behavior, 20, 581-590.
 Wang, K., Shu, Q. & Tu, Q. (2008). Technostress under different organizational environments: An empirical investigation. Computers in Human Behavior. 24(6), 3002-3013.
 Weil, M.M. & Rosen, L.D. (1995). The psychological impact of technology from a global perspective: a study of technological sophistication and technophobia in university students from twenty three countries. Computers in Human Behavior. 11(1) , 95-133.
 Woodrow, J. (1991). A comparison of four computer attitude scales. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 7, 165-187.
 Yaghi, H. and Abu-Saba, M. (1998). Implications in measuring teachers- computer anxiety: An international perspective. Computers in Human Behaviors, 14(2), 321-336.