Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30174
Turkish Emerging Adults' Identity Statuses with Respect to Marital and Parental Statuses and SES

Authors: Sevgi Birsel Nemlioğlu, Hasan Atak

Abstract:

Emerging adulthood, between the ages of 18 and 25, as a new developmental stage extending from adolescence to young adulthood. According to Arnett [2004], there are experiments related to identity in three basic fields which are love, work and view of the world in emerging adulthood. When the literature related to identity is examined, it is seen that identity has been studied more with adolescent, and studies were concentrated on the relationship of identity with many demographic variables neglecting important variables such as marital status, parental status and SES. Thus, the main aim of this study is to determine whether identity statuses differenciate with marital status, parental status and SES. A total of 700 emerging adults participated in this study, and the mean age was 22,45 years [SD = 3.76]. The sample was made up of 347 female and 353 male. All participants in the study were students from colleges. Student responses to the Extended Version of the Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status [EOM-EIS-2] used to classify students into one of the four identity statuses. SPSS 15.00 program wasa used to analyse data. Percentage, frequency and X2 analysis were used in the analysis of data. When the findings of the study is viewed as a whole, the most frequently observed identity status in the group is found to be moratorium. Also, identity statuses differenciate with marital status, parental status and SES. Findings were discussed in the context of emerging adulthood.

Keywords: Identity statuses, emerging adulthood, Turkey.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1060814

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1353

References:


[1] Adams, S. G., Gullotta T. (1989). Adolescent Life Experiences, New York: Brooks Cole Publishing Company.
[2] Arnett, J.J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55, 469-480.
[3] Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: Youth and crisis. New York: W.W. Norton Company, Inc.
[4] Marcia, J. E. (1966). Development and validation of ego identity status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5, 551-558.
[5] Berzonsky, M. D. (1989). The self as a theorist: Individual differences in identity formation. International Journal of Personal Construct Psychology, 2 (4), 363-376.
[6] Grotevant, H., D. & Cooper, C. (1985). Patterns of interaction in family relationships and the development of identity formation in adolescence, Child Development, 56, 415-428.
[7] Eryüksel, G. N. ve Varan, A. (1999). Benlik kimliği statülerinin değerlendirilmesi, Yayınlanmamış Rapor.
[8] Morsünbül, Ü. (2005). Ergenlikte kimlik statülerinin bağlanma stilleri, cinsiyet ve eğitim düzeyi açısından incelenmesi. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Ankara Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
[9] Pala, S. (2007). Madde bağımlısı olan ergenlerin kimlik statülerinin belirlenmesi. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İzmir.
[10] Uzman, E. (2002). Sosyal destek d├╝zeyleri farkl─▒ ├╝niversite ö─ƒrencilerinin baz─▒ de─ƒi┼ƒkenlere göre kimlik stat├╝leri, Yay─▒nlanmam─▒┼ƒ Doktora Tezi, H.├£. Sosyal Bilimler Enstit├╝s├╝, Ankara.
[11] Ka─ƒan, S. (1999). K─▒br─▒sl─▒ ve T├╝rkiyeli ├╝niversite ö─ƒrencilerinin kimlik geli┼ƒim d├╝zeyleri, Yay─▒mlanmam─▒┼ƒ Y├╝ksek Lisans Tezi. Ankara: Hacettepe ├£niversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstit├╝s├╝.
[12] Balkaya, A. (2005). Lise ö─ƒrencilerinin kimlik duygusu kazan─▒m d├╝zeylerinin baz─▒ bili┼ƒsel-sosyal ailesel nitelikler ile su├º davran─▒┼ƒ─▒ d├╝zeyi a├º─▒s─▒ndan incelenmesi. Yay─▒nlanmam─▒┼ƒ Y├╝ksek Lisans Tezi. Anadolu ├£niversitesi, E─ƒitim Bilimleri Enstit├╝s├╝, Eski┼ƒehir.
[13] Arslan, E. (2008). Ba─ƒlanma stilleri a├º─▒s─▒ndan ergenlerde Erikson-un psikososyal geli┼ƒim dönemleri ve ego kimlik s├╝re├ºlerinin incelenmesi. Yay─▒nlanmam─▒┼ƒ Doktora Tezi. Sel├ºuk ├£niversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstit├╝s├╝, Konya.
[14] Shanahan, M. J., Porfeli, E., Mortimer, J. T., & Erickson, L. (2002). Subjective age identity and the transition to adulthood: Demographic markers and personal attributes. Youth Development Study, 8, 76-81.
[15] Marcia, J. E. (1999). Representational thought in ego identity, psychotherapy, and psychosocial developmental theory. In I. E Sigel (Ed), Development of mental representation: Teories and application. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
[16] Waterman, A. S. (1999). Identity, the identity statuses, and identity statuses development: A contemporary statement, Developmental Review, 591-621.
[17] Adams, G. R. ve Jones, R. M. (1983). Female adolescents ─▒dentity development: age comparision and perceived child rearing, Development Psychology. 19, 2: 249-256.
[18] Archer, S. L. (1982). The lower age boundaries of identity development, Child Development, 53: 1551-1556.
[19] Wires, J. W., Baracos, R., & Hollenbeck, A. R. (1994). Determinants of adolescent identity development: A cross-sequential study of boarding school boys. Adolescence, 29 (114), 361-378.
[20] Bosma, H. A. (1995). Identity development in adolescence coping with commitments, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of Groningen, Netherlands.
[21] Varan, A. (1992). Liseli gençlerin kimlik statülerinin cinsiyet, yaş ve sosyo-kültürel çevre açısından incelenmesi, Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi, H.Ü: Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Ankara.