Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31100
An Analysis of Users- Cognition Difference on Urban Design Elements in Waterfronts

Authors: Sook-Yeon Shim, Hwan-Su Seo, Tae-Hyun Kim, Hongkyu Kim


The purpose of this study is to identify ideal urban design elements of waterfronts and to analyze the differences in users- cognition among these elements. This study follows three steps as following: first is identifying the urban design elements of waterfronts from literature review and second is evaluating intended users- cognition of urban design elements in urban waterfronts. Lastly, third is analyzing the users- cognition differences. As the result, evaluations of waterfront areas by users show similar features that non-waterfront urban design elements contain the highest degree of importance. This indicates the difference of users- cognition has dimensions of frequency and distance, and demonstrates differences in the aspect of importance than of satisfaction. Multi-Dimensional Scaling Method verifies differences among their cognition. This study provides elements to increase satisfaction of users from differences of their cognition on design elements for waterfronts. It also suggests implications on elements when waterfronts are built.

Keywords: waterfront, Cognition Difference, Multi-Dimensional Scaling, Urban Design Elements

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1469


[1] Adalberto Vallega, 2001, Urban waterfront facing integrated coastal management, Ocean & Coastal Management 44 (2001) 379-410
[2] Alexander Garvin, Gayle Berens, 1998, Urban parks and opens space, Urban land Institute.
[3] B.S. Hoyle(1998), Revitalising the waterfront: International Dimensions of Dockland Redevelopment, Continuum intl Pub Group.
[4] Bonita. M. Kolb, 2004, Tourism Marketing for Cities and Towns -Using Branding And Events to Attract Tourists
[5] Chan, Ping-Cheung Patrick, Relevant attributes in assessment for design features of indoor games halls: The application of importance-performance analysis Indiana University, 2001
[6] CABE(Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment), 2001, The value of urban design.
[7] Isabel Cortes-Jimenez, 2008, Which Type of Tourism Matters to the Regional Economic Growth? The Cases of Spain and Italy, International Journal of Tourism Research Int. J. Tourism Res. 10, 127-139.
[8] Jose A et al, 2005, Distrivuted weighted-multidimensional scailling for node localization in Sensor networks, ACM Journal Name, Vol. V, No. N, June 2005, Pages 1- 26.
[9] Kim, 2009, An Analysis of Waterfront Urban Design Criteria for Urban Regeneration
[10] Lee, 2010 The study on the Characteristics of Design for Waterfront in the Downtown Area : Focused on the BAN-PO District in the HAN River.
[11] Lim, 2009, Analysis of the image of landscape and the preference factor at the waterfront of the city : a case study of the Han River Ichon waterfront.
[12] Twan Huybers and Jeef Bennett, Environmental Management and the Competitiveness of Nature-Based Tourism, Environmental and Resource Economics 24:213-233, 2003