Emission Assessment of Rice Husk Combustion for Power Production
Rice husk is one of the alternative fuels for Thailand because of its high potential and environmental benefits. Nonetheless, the environmental profile of the electricity production from rice husk must be assessed to ensure reduced environmental damage. A 10 MW pilot plant using rice husk as feedstock is the study site. The environmental impacts from rice husk power plant are evaluated by using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology. Energy, material and carbon balances have been determined for tracing the system flow. Carbon closure has been used for describing of the net amount of CO2 released from the system in relation to the amount being recycled between the power plant and the CO2 adsorbed by rice husk. The transportation of rice husk to the power plant has significant on global warming, but not on acidification and photo-oxidant formation. The results showed that the impact potentials from rice husk power plant are lesser than the conventional plants for most of the categories considered; except the photo-oxidant formation potential from CO. The high CO from rice husk power plant may be due to low boiler efficiency and high moisture content in rice husk. The performance of the study site can be enhanced by improving the combustion efficiency.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1328570Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 6779
 Wibulswas, P. and Chungpaibulpatana, S. 1996. Development of alternative sources of energy. In Proceedings of GMS 2000. Chiang Mai, Thailand.
 National Energy Policy Office. 2001. Thailand Biomass - Based Power Generation and Cogeneration Within Small Rural Industries: Final Report. Bangkok,Thailand.
 Sajjakulnukit, B., Manneekhao, V., and Pongnarintasut, V. 2002. Policy analysis to identify the barriers to the development of bioenergy in Thailand. Energy for Sustainable Development. 4(3): 21-30.
 Gonzales, A.D. and Mathias, A.J. Demonstration and market implementation of bio-energy for heat and electricity in Southeast Asia: Financing Issues and CDM potential, http://www.cogen3.net/doc/articles/DemonstrationMarketImplementBio- Energy.pdf, 18 October, 2004.
 Ajiwe, V.I.E., Okeke, C.A. and Akigwe, F.C. 2000. A preliminary study of manufacture of cement from rice husk. Bioresource Technology. 73: 37-39.
 Hui-lian, X. 2001. Effects of a Microbial Inoculant and Organic Fertilizers on the Growth, Photosynthesis and Yield of Sweet Corn. Nature Farming and Microbial Application. 3(1): 183-214.
 Roy, B.C., Ranvig, H., Chowdhury, S.D., Rashid, M.M. and Farugue, M.R. 2004. Production of day-old chicks from crossbred chicken eggs by broody hens, rice husk incubator and electric incubator, and their rearing up to 6 weeks. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 16(3) ISSN 0121-3784.
 Wenzel, W., Hauschild, M. and Alting, L. 1997. Environmental Assessment of Products. 1. Kluwer Academic, London, England.
 Milhelcic, J.R. 1999. Fundamentals of Environmental Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA.
 EGCO Green Co. Ltd., 2002. Information and Operation Report. Roi-Et, Thailand.
 Mann, M.K. and Spath, P.L. 1997. Life Cycle Assessment of a biomass gasification combined-cycle system. National renewable energy laboratory, USA.
 Chattopadhyay, P. 2000. Boiler Operation Engineering Question and Answer. McGraw Hill, New Delhi, Indea.
 Nag, P.K. 2002. Power Plant Engineering: Second Edition. McGraw-Hill, Singapore.
 Julapho, J. 1998. Steam Power Engineering. King Monkut-s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Thailand.
 Lohsomboon, P. and Jirajariyavech, A. 2001. Final Report for the Project on Life Cycle Assessment. Business and Environmental Program. Thailand Environment Institute. Thailand.