A Goal Programming Approach for Plastic Recycling System in Thailand
Authors: Wuthichai Wongthatsanekorn
Plastic waste is a big issue in Thailand, but the amount of recycled plastic in Thailand is still low due to the high investment and operating cost. Hence, the rest of plastic waste are burnt to destroy or sent to the landfills. In order to be financial viable, an effective reverse logistics infrastructure is required to support the product recovery activities. However, there is a conflict between reducing the cost and raising environmental protection level. The purpose of this study is to build a goal programming (GP) so that it can be used to help analyze the proper planning of the Thailand-s plastic recycling system that involves multiple objectives. This study considers three objectives; reducing total cost, increasing the amount of plastic recovery, and raising the desired plastic materials in recycling process. The results from two priority structures show that it is necessary to raise the total cost budget in order to achieve targets on amount of recycled plastic and desired plastic materials.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1060315Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2186
 Energy Department of Thailand, 2007, "News: Energy from Waste", http://www.energy.go.th/newsDetail.asp?id=796, viewed, January, 2551.
 Goldsberry, C, "New process technology for sorting recycled plastics Source," Modern Plastics Worldwide, 82(6), 2005, pp. 32-3.
 Moriya, S., Watanabe, H.; Yaginuma, R.; Matsumoto, T.; Nakajima, M.; Tsukada, M.; Isshiki, N., "Studied of recycled fuel oil for diesel engine extracted from waste plastics disposals," Collection of Technical Papers. 35th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference and Exhibit (IECEC), 1(1), 2000, pp 510-15.
 Zhang, G., "Prospect and current status of recycling waste plastics and technology for converting them into oil in China," Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 50(3), 2007, pp. 231-9.
 C. R. Carter and L. M. Ellram, "Reverse logistics: a review of the literature and framework for future investigation," Journal of Business Logistics, 19(1), 1998, pp. 85-102.
 Fleischmann, M, H. R. Krikke, R. Dekker, and S. D. P. Flapper., "A characterization of logistics networks for product recovery," Omega, 28, 2000, pp. 653-666.
 Ammons, J. C., Assavapokee,T., Newton,D., Realff,M.J., "Reverse production system design for recycling under uncertainty." Proceedings of SPIE - the international society for optical engineering 4569, 2002, pp. 1-12.
 Caruso, C. C., A. ; Paruccini,M., "The regional urban solid waste management system: A modelling approach," European Journal of Operational Research, 70(1), 1993, pp.16-30.
 Shih, L. H. , "Reverse logistics system planning for recycling electrical appliances and computers in Taiwan," Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 32, 2001, 55-72.
 Realff, M. J., Ammons,J.C., Newton,D.J., "Carpet recycling: Determining the reverse production system design," The Journal of Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 38(3), 1999, pp. 547- 567.
 Charnes A, Cooper WW, Ferguson R., "Optimal estimation of executive compensation by linear programming.", Management Science 1, 1955, pp. 138-51.
 Chang NB, Wang SF. Solid waste management system analysis by multi-objective mixed integer programming. Journal of Environmental Management 48, 1996, pp. 17-43.
 Chang NB, Wang SF. A goal programming approach for multi-objective optimal planning of an integrated solid waste management system. Waste Management Research 15, 1997, pp. 1-14.
 Pati RK, Vrat P, Kumar P. A goal programming model for paper recycling system. International Journal of Management Science 36, 2008, pp. 405-417
 Perlack RD, Willis CE. Multiobjective decision-making in waste disposal planning. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 111(3) 1985, pp. 373-85.
 Wongthatsanekorn, W. and Tiravat Assavapokee. Reverse Logistics Model for Plastics Recycle in Thailand. Proceedings of the 7th Industrial Academic Annual Conference on Supply Chain and Logistics Management, p161-172, November, 2007, Bangkok, Thailand.
 Ammons, J. C., Assavapokee,T., Newton,D., Realff,M.J., "Reverse production system design for recycling under uncertainty." Proceedings of SPIE - the international society for optical engineering 4569, 2002, pp.1-12.