Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31824
MiSense Hierarchical Cluster-Based Routing Algorithm (MiCRA) for Wireless Sensor Networks

Authors: Kavi K. Khedo, R. K. Subramanian


Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are currently receiving significant attention due to their unlimited potential. These networks are used for various applications, such as habitat monitoring, automation, agriculture, and security. The efficient nodeenergy utilization is one of important performance factors in wireless sensor networks because sensor nodes operate with limited battery power. In this paper, we proposed the MiSense hierarchical cluster based routing algorithm (MiCRA) to extend the lifetime of sensor networks and to maintain a balanced energy consumption of nodes. MiCRA is an extension of the HEED algorithm with two levels of cluster heads. The performance of the proposed protocol has been examined and evaluated through a simulation study. The simulation results clearly show that MiCRA has a better performance in terms of lifetime than HEED. Indeed, MiCRA our proposed protocol can effectively extend the network lifetime without other critical overheads and performance degradation. It has been noted that there is about 35% of energy saving for MiCRA during the clustering process and 65% energy savings during the routing process compared to the HEED algorithm.

Keywords: Clustering algorithm, energy consumption, hierarchical model, sensor networks.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1634


[1] I.F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, and E. Cayirci, "Wireless sensor networks: a survey," Computer Networks, vol. 38, no. 4, 393- 422, 2002.
[2] H. Karl, A. Willig, et al. "Protocols and Architectures for Wireless Sensor Networks," John Wiley and Sons, 2005.
[3] D. Estrin, D. Culler, K. Pister, and G. Sukhatme, "Connecting the physical world with pervasive networks," IEEE Pervasive Computing, 59-69, January-March 2002.
[4] J. Hill, R. Szewczyk, A. Woo, S. Hollar, D. Culler, and K. Pister, "System architecture directions for networked sensors," In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Architectural Support for Programming Languages and Operating Systems, November 2000.
[5] J. Ibriq and I. mahgoub, "Cluster-Based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks: Issues and Challenges," Proceedings of the 2004 Symposium on Performance Evaluation of Computer Telecommunication Systems, 759-766, July 2004.
[6] W.B Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan, and H. Balakrishnan, "Energy- Efficient Communication Protocol for Wireless Microsensor Networks," In the Proceedings of the 33rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS '00), January 2000.
[7] S. Lindsey and C. Raghavendra, "PEGASIS: Power-Efficient Gathering in Sensor Information Systems," IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, 2002, vol. 3, no. 9-16, 1125-1130.
[8] A.Manjeshwar and D.P. Agarwal, "TEEN: a routing protocol for enhanced efficiency in wireless sensor networks," In the 1st International Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Computing Issues in Wireless Networks and Mobile Computing, April 2001.
[9] A.Manjeshwar and D.P. Agarwal, "APTEEN: A hybrid protocol for efficient routing and comprehensive information retrieval in wireless sensor networks," In the Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium., Proceedings International, IPDPS 2002, 195-202.
[10] O. Younis and S. Fahmy, "Distributed Clustering in Ad-hoc Sensor Networks: A Hybrid, Energy-Efficient Approach," In Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, vol. 1, 629-640, March 2004.