Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30578
Data Mining Techniques in Computer-Aided Diagnosis: Non-Invasive Cancer Detection

Authors: Florin Gorunescu

Abstract:

Diagnosis can be achieved by building a model of a certain organ under surveillance and comparing it with the real time physiological measurements taken from the patient. This paper deals with the presentation of the benefits of using Data Mining techniques in the computer-aided diagnosis (CAD), focusing on the cancer detection, in order to help doctors to make optimal decisions quickly and accurately. In the field of the noninvasive diagnosis techniques, the endoscopic ultrasound elastography (EUSE) is a recent elasticity imaging technique, allowing characterizing the difference between malignant and benign tumors. Digitalizing and summarizing the main EUSE sample movies features in a vector form concern with the use of the exploratory data analysis (EDA). Neural networks are then trained on the corresponding EUSE sample movies vector input in such a way that these intelligent systems are able to offer a very precise and objective diagnosis, discriminating between benign and malignant tumors. A concrete application of these Data Mining techniques illustrates the suitability and the reliability of this methodology in CAD.

Keywords: Neural Networks, Endoscopic ultrasound elastography, exploratorydata analysis, non-invasive cancer detection

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1059721

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1478

References:


[1] M. Giovannini, L. Hookey, E. Bories et al., "Endoscopic ultrasound elastography: the first step towards virtual biopsy? Preliminary results in 49 patients," Endoscopy, vol. 38, pp. 344-348, 2006.
[2] W. Rasband, "ImageJ: image processing and analysis in JAVA", National Institutes of Health (Available: http://rsb.info.nih.gov/ij/).
[3] A. Saftoiu., P. Vilmann, H. Hassan, and F. Gorunescu, "Analysis of endoscopic ultrasound elastography used for characterization and differentiation of benign and malignant lymph nodes", Ultraschall in der Medizin (European Journal of Ultrasound), vol 27, no. 6, pp. 535-542, 2006.
[4] A. Saftoiu, C. Popescu, S. Cazacu, D. Dumitrescu, C.V. Georgescu, M. Popescu, T. Ciurea, and F. Gorunescu, "Power Doppler Endoscopic Ultrasound for the Differential Diagnosis between Pancreatic Cancer and Pseudotumoral Chronic Pancreatitis", Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 363-372, 2006.
[5] A. Saftoiu, P. Vilmann, T. Ciurea, G.L. Popescu, A. Iordache, H. Hassan, F. Gorunescu, S. Iordache, "Dynamic analysis of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) elastography used for the differentiation of benign and malignant lymph nodes", Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 291-300, 2007.
[6] S. Haykin, Neural Networks. Prentice Hall International, 1999.