Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31009
High Capacity Spread-Spectrum Watermarking for Telemedicine Applications
Abstract:This paper presents a new spread-spectrum watermarking algorithm for digital images in discrete wavelet transform (DWT) domain. The algorithm is applied for embedding watermarks like patient identification /source identification or doctors signature in binary image format into host digital radiological image for potential telemedicine applications. Performance of the algorithm is analysed by varying the gain factor, subband decomposition levels, and size of watermark. Simulation results show that the proposed method achieves higher watermarking capacity.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1059549Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1869
 H. M. Chao, C. M. Hsu, S. G. Miaou, "A data-hiding technique with authentication, integration, and confidentiality for electronic patient records," IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 46-53, March 2002.
 U. Rajendra Acharya, D. Anand, P. Subbanna Bhat, U.C. Niranjan, "Compact storage of medical images with patient information," IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 320-323, Dec. 2001.
 X. Kong, R. Feng, "Watermarking medical signals for telemedicine," IEEE Transaction on Information Technology in Medicine, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 195-201, 2001.
 G. Coatrieux, H. Maitre, B. Sankur, Y. Rolland, R. Collorec, "Relevance of atermarking in medical imaging," in Proc. 3rd Conf. Information Technology Applications in Biomedicine, ITAB-00, Arlington, USA, pp. 250-255.
 K.A. Navas, S. Archana Thampy, and M. Sasikumar, " ERP hiding in medical images for telemedicine," Proceedings of World Academy of Science and Technology, Vol. 28, 2008.
 B. Planitz and A. Maeder, "Medical image watermarking: a study on image degradation," in Proc. Australian Pattern Recognition Society (APRS) Workshop on Digital Image Computing, WDIC 2005, Brisbane, Australia, February, 2005.
 G. Coatrieux, L. Lecornu, Ch. Roux, and B. Sankur, "A review of Image Watermarking Applications in Healthcare," IEEE Eng Med Biol. Soc, Vol 1, pp. 4691-4, 2006.
 R. C Raul, F. U. Claudia, and T. B. Gershom, " Data hiding scheme for medical images," in Proceedings International Conference on Electronics, Communications and Computers (CONIELECOMP-07), pp.32-32, Cholula, Mexico, February, 2007.
 G. C. Langelaar, I. Setyawan, R. L. Lagendijk, " Watermarking digital image and video data. A state-of-the-art overview," IEEE signal processing Magazine , vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 20-46, Sept.2000.
 N. Nikolaidis and I. Pitas, "Digital image watermarking: an overview," in Proc. Int. Conf. Multimedia Comput. and Syst., ICMCS99, vol. 1, pp. 1-6, Florence, Italy, June 7-11, 1999
 I. J. Cox, Matt L. Miller, " The first 50 years of electronic watermarking ," EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing , Vol.2002, no.2, pp. 126-132 , 2002.
 Meerwald P, Uhl A (2001) A survey of wavelet-domain watermarking algorithms. Proceedings of the SPIE security and watermarking of multimedia contents, vol 4314. San Jose, pp 505-516
 S. Hajjara, M. Abdallah, and A. Hudaib, " Digital Image Watermarking using Localized Biorthogonal Wavelets," European Journal of Scientific Research, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 594-608, 2009.
 A. H. Paquet, R. K. Ward, "Wavelet-based digital watermarking for authentication," Proceedings of the IEEE Canadian conference on electrical and computer engineering, vol. 2, pp. 879-884, Winnipeg, Canada, 2002.
 A. Giakoumaki, S. Pavlopoulos, D. Koutsouris, "Secure and efficient health data management through multiple watermarking on medical images," Medical Biological Engineering & Computing, Vol. 44, pp. 619-631, 2006.
 A. Giakoumaki, S. Pavlopoulos, D. Koutsouris, "Multiple image watermarking applied to health information management," IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, Vol. pp. 722- 732, 2006.
 A. Giakoumaki, S. Pavlopoulos, D. Koutsouris, " A medical image watermarking scheme based on wavelet transform," Proceedings 25th Annual International Conference of IEEE-EMBS, Cancun, Mexico, pp. 856-859, 2003.
 S. Dandapat, J. Xu, O. Chutatape, S. M. Krishnan, "Wavelet transform domain data embedding in a medical image," Proceedings 26th Annual International Conference of IEEE-EMBS, San Francisco, CA,USA, pp. 1541-1544, Sept., 2004.
 J. B. Feng, I. C. Lin, C. S. Tsai, and Y. P. Chu, " Reversible watermarking: current and key issues," International Journal of Network Security, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 161-170, May 2006.
 S. Lee, C. D. Chang, and T. Kalker, "Reversible image watermarking based on integer-to-integer wavelet transform," IEEE Transaction on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 2, no. 3, pp.-321-330, Sept. 2007.
 M. Terry, "Medical identity theft and telemedicine security," Telemedicine and e-Health, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1-5, December 2009.
 I. J. Cox, J. Kilian, F. Thomson Leighton, Talal Shamoon, "Secure spread spectrum watermarking for multimedia," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Vol. 6, no. 12 , 1997.
 H. S. Malvar and D. A. F. Florencio, "Improved Spread Spectrum: A New Modilation Technique for Robust Watermarking," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 51, no. 4, 2003.
 L. Perez-Freire and F. Perez-Gonzalez, "Spread-Spectrum Watermarking Security," IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 4, no. 1, 2009.
 G. Xuan, C. Yang, Y. Zheng, Y. Q. Shi and Z. Ni, "Reversible data hiding based on wavelet spread spectrum," IEEE International workshop on multimedia signal processing (MMSP2004), Siena, Italy, 2004.
 D. Kahn, "Cryptology and the origins of spread spectrum," IEEE Spectrum, vol. 21, pp. 70-80, Sept. 1984.
 M. Unser, A. Aldroubi, "A review of wavelets in bio-medical applications," Proceedings IEEE, Vol. 84, pp. 626-638, 1996.
 F. Ergun, J. Kilian, and R. Kumar, " A note on the limits of collusionresistant watermarks," EUROCRYPT99, LNCS, vol. 1592, pp. 140-149, 1999.
 MedPixTM Medical Image Database available at http://rad.usuhs.mil/medpix/medpix.html