Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30172
Preliminary Evaluation of Different Water Qualities on Leucaena Leucocephala Seed Germination and Seedling Growth
Abstract:The evaluation of non-conventional water resources on seed germination and seedling growth performance at early growth stages is still in progress especially in forage crops. This study was designed to test the effect of four types of water qualities (treated wastewater (TWW), industrial water (IW), grey water (GW), and Distilled water (DW)) on germination and early seedling vigor of Leucaena leucocephala. The results showed that the germination was not significantly affected by the different water qualities. Seed germination reached maximum after 17, 14, 14, and 21 days under GW, IW, TWW, and DW treatments, respectively. The highest mean of shoot length was scored under the GW treatment. And, the highest mean of root length was scored under DW which was not significant from GW treatment. The means of shoot fresh was the highest under the TWW. The means of root fresh weight was not significantly different from each other's under different treatments. The growth performance was in progress with no mortality during 21 days of growth. Thus, the best non-conventional water qualities alternatives based on the cleanness, nutrients, and toxicity are the GW, TWW and IW, respectively.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1059515Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1510
 A. D. Arowolo, "Alley farming and sustainable Agriculture". Proceedings of Annual Conference of IRDI Research and Development Network, Vol. 2 (4), pp. 27-28 and pp. 44-48, 2007.
 A. K. Rai, V. Rai, Effect of NaCl on growth, nitrate uptake and reduction and nitrogenase activity of Azolla pinnata-Anabaena azollae. Plant Sci 164: 61-69, 2003.
 Association of Official Seed Analysis (AOSA) Seed Vigor Testing Handbook 357 Contribution No 32. AOSA, Nebraska: Lincoln, 1983.
 F. M. Kiziloglu, M. Turan, U. Sahin, Y. Kuslu, A. Dursun, "Effects of untreated and treated wastewater irrigation on some chemical properties of cauliflower (Brassica olerecea L. var. botrytis) and red cabbage (Brassica olerecea L. var. rubra) grown on calcareous soil in Turkey". Agri Water Manag 95: 716-724, 2008.
 H. C. Pang, Y. Y. Li, J. S. Yang, Y. S. Laing, "Effect of brackish water irrigation and straw mulching on soil salinity and crop yields under monsoonal climatic conditions". Agric Water Manage doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2009.08.020
 ISTA International Seed Testing Association. Seed Sci Tech 13: 299- 335, 2004
 JISM (Jordan institution for standard and metrology) "Technical regulation for reclaimed domestic wastewater" (JS893/2002), Amman, Jordan, 2003.
 L. Abu Ghunmi, G. Zeeman, J. Van Lier, M. Fayyad "Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of grey water for reuse requirements and treatment alternatives: the case of Jordan". Water Sci Tech Vol. 58, pp. 1385- 1396, 2008
 L. Berstein, G. Ogata, "Effects of salinity on nodulation, nitrogen fixation and growth of soybean and alfalfa", Agron J Vol. 58, pp. 201- 203, 1966.
 C. Lubello, R. Gori, N. F. Paolo, F. Ferrini, "Municipal-treated wastewater reuse for plant nurseries irrigation". Water Res 38: 2939- 2947, 2004.
 M. C. Shannon, C.M. Grieve, L. E. Francois, "Whole-plant response to salinity". In: R. E. Wilkinson (ed.). "Plant-environment Interactions". Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 199-244, 1994.
 M. G. Kant, M. Silverbusch, S. H. Lips, "Physiological studies on salinity and nitrogen interaction in alfalfa. I. Biomass production and root development". J Plant Nutr 17: 657-668, 1994.
 M. J. Mohammad, M. Ayadi, "Forage yield and nutrient uptake as influenced by secondary treated wastewater". J Plant Nutri 27: 351-364, 2004.
 M. O. Islam, H. R. Khan, A. K. Das, M. S. Akhtar, Y. Oki, T. Adochi, "Impacts of industrial effluents on plant growth and soil properties", Soil Environ, Vol. 25, pp. 113-118, 2006.
 M. Smejkalova, O. Mikanova, L. Boruvka, "Effect of heavy metal concentration on biological activity of soil microorganisms". Plant Soil Envi 49: 321-326, 2003.
 M. Uzair, M. Ahmed, K. Nazim Effect of Industrial Waste on Seed Bank and Growth of Wild Plants in Dhabeji Area, Karachi, Pakistan. Pak J Bot 41: 1659-1665, 2009.
 National Academy of Science (NAS) "Leucaena: Promising forage and tree crop for the tropics". Books for Business, New York- Hong Kong, 2001, p115.
 P. H. Graham, and C. P Vance, Legumes: Importance and Constraints to Greater Use. Plant Physio 131: 872-877, 2003.
 S. P. McGrath, F. J. Zhao, E. Lombi, "Phytoremediation of metals, metalloids and radionuclides". Advan Agro 75: 1-56, 2002.
 SAS Institute (2004) "The SAS system for Windows 6.12". Cary, NC, USA, SAS Institute.
 Y. Yuan Etiological Study of High Stomach Cancer Incidence Among Residents in Wastewater Irrigated Areas. Environ Prot Sci 19: 70-73, In: World Resources Institute, A guide to the global environment: environmental change and human health, Oxford University Press, New York, 1993, p 122.
 Z. Li, H. Gulyas, M. Jahn, D. R. Gajurel, R. Otterpohl, "Greywater treatment by constructed wetland in combination with TiO2-based photocatalytic oxidation for suburban and rural areas without sewer system". Water Sci Tech 48: 101-106, 2003.