Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31097
Adsorption Studies on the Removal of Pesticides(Carbofuran) using Activated Carbon from Rice Straw Agricultural Waste

Authors: Ken-Lin Chang, Jun-Hong Lin, Shui-Tein Chen


In this study, we used a two-stage process and potassium hydroxide (KOH) to transform waste biomass (rice straw) into activated carbon and then evaluated the adsorption capacity of the waste for removing carbofuran from an aqueous solution. Activated carbon was fast and effective for the removal of carbofuran because of its high surface area. The native and carbofuran-loaded adsorbents were characterized by elemental analysis. Different adsorption parameters, such as the initial carbofuran concentration, contact time, temperature and pH for carbofuran adsorption, were studied using a batch system. This study demonstrates that rice straw can be very effective in the adsorption of carbofuran from bodies of water.

Keywords: rice straw, activated carbon, carbofuran

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3722


[1] E. Ayranci, N. Hoda, Adsorption kinetics and isotherms of pesticides onto activated carbon-cloth, Chemosphere, 60 (2005) 1600-1607.
[2] S. Campbell, M.D. David, L.A. Woodward, Q.X. Li, Persistence of carbofuran in marine sand and water, Chemosphere, 54 (2004) 1155-1161.
[3] S. Chen, D.Z. Sun, J.S. Chung, Treatment of pesticide wastewater by moving-bed biofilm reactor combined with Fenton-coagulation pretreatment, J Hazard Mater, 144 (2007) 577-584.
[4] A.K. Abdessalem, N. Bellakhal, N. Oturan, M. Dachraoui, M.A. Oturan, Treatment of a mixture of three pesticides by photo- and electro-Fenton processes, Desalination, 250 (2010) 450-455 492.
[5] Y.S. Ma, C.F. Sung, J.G. Lin, Degradation of carbofuran in aqueous solution by ultrasound and Fenton processes: Effect of system parameters and kinetic study, J Hazard Mater, 178 (2010) 320-325.
[6] W. Chu, T.K. Lau, S.C. Fung, Effects of combined and sequential addition of dual oxidants (H2O2/S2O82-) on the aqueous carbofuran photodegradation, J Agr Food Chem, 54 (2006) 10047-10052.
[7] J.D. Jiang, R.F. Zhang, R. Li, J.D. Gu, S.P. Li, Simultaneous biodegradation of methyl parathion and carbofuran by a genetically engineered microorganism constructed by mini-Tn5 transposon, Biodegradation, 18 (2007) 403-412.
[8] D.K. Singh, Biodegradation and bioremediation of pesticide in soil: concept, method and recent developments, Indian J Microbiol, 48 (2008) 35-40.
[9] K. Ignatowicz, Selection of sorbent for removing pesticides during water treatment, J Hazard Mater, 169 (2009) 953-957.
[10] F.F. Cespedes, M.V. Sanchez, S.P. Garcia, M.F. Perez, Modifying sorbents in controlled release formulations to prevent herbicides pollution, Chemosphere, 69 (2007) 785-794.
[11] S. Karagoez, T. Tay, S. Ucar, M. Erdem, Activated carbons from waste biomass by sulfuric acid activation and their use on methylene blue adsorption, Bioresource Technology, 99 (2008) 6214-6222.
[12] H. Demiral, G. Gunduzoglu, Removal of nitrate from aqueous solutions by activated carbon prepared from sugar beet bagasse, Bioresource Technology, 101 (2010) 1675-1680.
[13] T. Horikawa, Y. Kitakaze, T. Sekida, J. Hayashi, M. Katoh, Characteristics and humidity control capacity of activated carbon from bamboo, Bioresource Technology, 101 (2010) 3964-3969.
[14] F. Wang, H. Wang, J. Ma, Adsorption of cadmium (II) ions from aqueous solution by a new low-cost adsorbent--Bamboo charcoal, J Hazard Mater, 177 (2010) 300-306.
[15] K. Yang, J. Peng, C. Srinivasakannan, L. Zhang, H. Xia, X. Duan, Preparation of high surface area activated carbon from coconut shells using microwave heating, Bioresource Technology, 101 (2010) 6163-6169.
[16] G.Z. Memon, M.I. Bhanger, M. Akhtar, The removal efficiency of chestnut shells for selected pesticides from aqueous solutions, J Colloid Interf Sci, 315 (2007) 33-40.
[17] B. Gadde, S. Bonnet, C. Menke, S. Garivait, Air pollutant emissions from rice straw open field burning in India, Thailand and the Philippines, Environ Pollut, 157 (2009) 1554-1558.
[18] B. Hameed, A. Ahmad, Batch adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by garlic peel, an agricultural waste biomass, J Hazard Mater, 164 (2009) 870-875.
[19] V. Gupta, D. Mohan, S. Sharma, Removal of lead from wastewater using Bagasse fly ash--a sugar industry waste material, Separation Science and Technology(USA), 33 (1998) 1331-1343.
[20] Y. Ho, C. Chiang, Sorption studies of acid dye by mixed sorbents, Adsorption, 7 (2001) 139-147.
[21] T. Budinova, D. Savova, Biomass waste-derived activated carbon for the removal of arsenic and manganese ions from aqueous solutions, Appl Surf Sci, 255 (2009) 4650-4657.
[22] V.K. Gupta, I. Ali, Suhas, V.K. Saini, Adsorption of 2,4-D and carbofuran pesticides using fertilizer and steel industry wastes, J Colloid Interf Sci, 299 (2006) 556-563.
[23] J.M. Salman, B.H. Hameed, Removal of insecticide carbofuran from aqueous solutions by banana stalks activated carbon, J Hazard Mater, 176 (2010) 814-819.
[24] M. Fernandez-Perez, M. Villafranca-Sanchez, F. Flores-Cespedes, F.J. Garrido-Herrera, S. Perez-Garcia, Use of bentonite and activated carbon in controlled release formulations of carbofuran, J Agr Food Chem, 53 (2005) 6697-6703.
[25] J.M. Salman, B.H. Hameed, Adsorption of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and carbofuran pesticides onto granular activated carbon, Desalination, 256 (2010) 129-135.