Enhancing Human-Computer Interaction and Feedback in Touchscreen Icon
Authors: Hsinfu Huang Li-Hao Chen
In order to enhance the usability of the human computer interface (HCI) on the touchscreen, this study explored the optimal tactile depth and effect of visual cues on the user-s tendency to touch the touchscreen icons. The experimental program was designed on the touchscreen in this study. Results indicated that the ratio of the icon size to the tactile depth was 1:0.106. There were significant effects of experienced users and novices on the tactile feedback depth (p < 0.01). In addition, the results proved that the visual cues provided a feedback that helped to guide the user-s touch icons accurately and increased the capture efficiency for a tactile recognition field. This tactile recognition field was 18.6 mm in length. There was consistency between the experienced users and novices under the visual cue effects. Finally, the study developed an applied design with touch feedback for touchscreen icons.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1332152Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1839
 Benko, Hrvoje, Wilson, Andrew D., Baudisch, Patrick, 2006, Precise selection techniques for multi-touch screens, CHI 2006 Proceedings: Interacting with Large Surfaces, pp.1263-1272.
 Charness, N., Kelley, C.L., Bosman, E.A., Mottram, M, 2001, Word-processing training and retraining: Effects of adult age, experience, and interface, Psychology and Aging, 16 (1), pp. 110-127.
 Colle, Herbert A., Hiszem, Keith J., 2004, Standing at a kiosk: Effects of key size and spacing on touch screen numeric keypad performance and user preference, Ergonomics, 47 (13), pp. 1406 - 1423.
 Laming, Donald, 1997, The measurement of sensation, Oxford University Press, USA.
 Lansdale, M.W., Ormerod, T.C., 1994, Understanding Interfaces: A Handbook of Human-Computer Dialogue, Academic Press, London.
 Levin, Michael, 2007, Integrate tactile feedback into touchscreen HMI, EE Times-Asia, June 1-15, pp. 1-3.
 MacKenzie, I. S., Nonnecke, B., Riddersma, S., McQueen, C., & Meltz, M., 1994, Alphanumeric entry on pen-based computers., International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 41 (5), pp. 775-792.
 MacKenzie, I. S., Zhang, Shawn X., 2001, An empirical investigation of the novice experience with soft keyboards, behavior & information technology, 20 (6), pp. 411-418.
 Marcus, Aaron, 1992, Graphic design for electronic documents and user interface, ACM, New York.
 Martin, G. L., 1988, Configuring a numeric keypad for a touch screen, Ergonomics, 31, pp. 945-953.
 Parhi, Pekka , Karlson, Amy K. , Bederson, Benjamin B., 2006, Target size study for one-handed thumb use on small touchscreen devices, Proceedings of the 8th conference on Human-computer interaction with mobile devices and services, pp.12-15.
 Potter, Richard, Weldon, Linda J. and Shneiderman, Ben, 1988, Improving the Accuracy of Touch Screens: An Experimental Evaluation of Three Strategies, Proceedings of the ACM Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference, pp. 27-32.
 Sanders, M.S., McCormick, E., 1993. Human Factors in Engineering and Design, seventh ed. McGraw-Hill, Inc., Singapore.
 Scharf, Bertram, Reynolds, George Stanley, 1975, Experimental sensory psychology, Scott, Glenview.
 Sears, Andrew, 1991, Improving Touchscreen Keyboards: Design Issues and a Comparison with Other Devices. In Interacting with Computers, 3 (3) pp. 253-269
 Sears, A. and Shneiderman, B., 1998, High Precision Touchscreens: design strategies and comparisons with a mouse. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 43 (4). pp. 593-613.
 Sears, Andrew , Revis, Doreen, Swatski, Janet, Crittenden, Rob, Shneiderman, Ben, 1993, Investigating touchscreen typing: the effect of keyboard size on typing speed, Behaviour & Information Technology, 12 (1), pp.17-22.
 Shneiderman, Ben, 1991, Touch screens now offer compelling uses, IEEE Software, vol. 8 (2), pp. 93-94.
 Shneiderman, Ben, Plasisant, Catherine, 2004, Designing the user interface, Addison-Wesley, USA.
 Snodgrass JG., 1975. Psychophysics, In: experimental sensory psychology, B Scharf. pp. 17-67.
 Ren, Xiangshi, Moriya, Shinji, 2000, Improving selection performance on pen- based systems: A study of pen-based interaction for selection tasks, ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 7 (3), pp. 384-416.
 Wilson, K. S., Inderrieden, M. and Liu, S. 1995, A comparison of five user interface devices designed for point-of-sale in the retail industry, Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 39th Annual Meeting, pp. 273-277.
 Xiangshi Ren , Shinju Moriya, 2000, Improving selection performance on pen-based systems: a study of pen-based interaction for selection tasks, ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 7 (3), pp.384-416.