Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30174
Calcination Temperature of Nano MgO Effect on Base Transesterification of Palm Oil

Authors: Abdul Rahim Yacob, Mohd Khairul Asyraf Amat Mustajab, Nur Syazeila Samadi

Abstract:

Nano MgO has been synthesized by hydration and dehydration method by modifies the commercial MgO. The prepared MgO had been investigated as a heterogeneous base catalyst for transesterification process for biodiesel production using palm oil. TGA, FT-IR and XRD results obtained from this study lie each other and proved in the formation of nano MgO from decomposition of Mg(OH)2. This study proved that the prepared nano MgO was a better base transesterification catalyst compared to commercial MgO. The nano MgO calcined at 600ºC had gives the highest conversion of 51.3% of palm oil to biodiesel.

Keywords: Hydration-dehydration method, nano MgO, transesterification, biodiesel.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1332086

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1793

References:


[1] A. Ishizaki, K. Sonomoto, G. Kobayashi, C. Nolasco-Hipolito and E. Crabbe. "Biodiesel production from crude palm oil and evaluation of butanol extraction and fuel properties". Process Biochemistry, vol 37 (1). pg 65 - 71.2001.
[2] Y.C. Sharma, B. Singh and S.N. Upadhyay. "Advancements in Development and Characterization of Biodiesel: A review". Fuel, vol 87. pg 2355 - 2373.2008.
[3] E.G. Shay." Diesel Fuel from Vegetable Oils: Status and Opportunities". Biomass and Bioenergy, vol 4.pg 227 - 242. 1993.
[4] T. Krawczyk. "Biodiesel - Alternative Fuel Makes Inroads but Hurdles Remain". INFORM, vol 7. pg 801 - 829. 1996
[5] T.F. Dossin, M.F. Reyniers and G.B. Marin. "Kinetics of Heterogeneously MgO-Catalyzed Transesterification." Applied Chemistry B: Environmental, vol 61. 35 - 45. 2006
[6] T.F. Dossin, M.F. Reyniers, R.J. Berger and G.B. Marin. "Simulation of Heterogeneously MgO-Catalyzed Transesterification for Fine-chemical and Biodiesel Industrial Production". Applied Chemistry B: Environmental, vol 67. pg 136 - 148. 2006.
[7] L.C. Meher, D. Vidya Sagar and S.N. Naik. "Technical Aspects of Biodiesel Production by Transesterification - A Review". Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol 10. pg 248 - 268. 2006.
[8] A. Srivastava and R. Prasad. "Triglyceride-based Diesel Fuels". Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol 4. pg 111 - 133. 2000.
[9] S. Zheng, M. Kates, M.A. Dube and D.D. McLean. "Acid-Catalyzed Production of Biodiesel from Waste Frying Oil". Biomass and Bioenergy, vol 30. pg 267 - 272. 2006.
[10] F. Ma and M.A. Hanna. "Biodiesel Production: A Review". Bioresource Technology, vol 70. pg 1 - 15. 1999.
[11] A.K. Dalai, A. D-Cruz, M.G. Kulkarni and L.C. Meher. "Synthesis of Biodiesel from Canola Oil using Heterogeneous Base Catalyst". J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc, vol 84. pg 937 - 943. 2007.
[12] J.M. Marchetti, V.U. Miguel and A.F. Errazu. "Possible Methods for Biodiesel Production". Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol 11. pg 1300 - 1311. 2007
[13] L.A. Nelson, T.A. Foglia and W.N. Marmer. "Lipase-Catalyzed Production of Biodiesel". Journal American Oil Chemistry Society, vol 8(73). pg 1191 - 1195. 1996.
[14] G. Arzamendi, E. Argui├▒arena, I. Campo, S. Zabala and L.M. "Gandia. Alkaline and Alkaline-earth Metals Compounds as Catalysts for the Methanolysis of Sunflower Oil". Catalysis Today, vol 133 - 135. pg 305 - 313. 2008.
[15] E. Santacesaria, R. Tesser, G. Minutillo, M. Cozzolino, M.Ledda and M.Di Serio. "From Homogeneous to Heterogeneous Catalysts in Biodiesel Production". Ind. Eng. Chem. Res, vol 46. pg 6379 - 6384. 2007.
[16] M.S. Mel-gunov, V.B. Fenelonov, E.A. Mel-gunova, A.F. Belido, and K.J. Klabunde. "Textural Changes during Topochemical Decomposition of Nanocrystalline Mg(OH)2 to MgO". The Journal of Physical Chemisty B, vol 107(11). pg 2427 - 2434. 2003.
[17] H.S. Jung, J.K. Lee, J.Y. Kim and K.S Hong. "Crystallization Behaviors of Nanosized MgO Particles from Magnesium Alkoxides". Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. vol 259. pg 127 - 132. 2003.
[18] K. Itatani, M. Nomura, A. Kishioka, and M. Kinoshita. "Sinterability of Various High-purity Magnesium Oxide Powders". Journal of Materials Science. vol 21. pg 1429 - 1435. 1986.
[19] G. Duan, X. Yang, J. Chen, G. Huang, L. Lu, and X. Wang. "The Catalytic Effect of Nanosized MgO on the Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate". Powder Technology. vol 172. pg 27 - 29. 2007.
[20] Y. Wang, S. Zhu, H. He and X. Liu. "Transesterification of Soybean Oil to Biodiesel using SrO as a Solid Base Catalyst". Catalysis Communications. vol 8. pg 1107 -1111. 2007.
[21] L. Wang, and J. Yang. "Transesterification of Soybean Oil with Nano- MgO or Not in Supercritical and Subcritical Methanol". Fuel. vol 86. pg 328 - 333. 2007.
[22] S. Ngamprasertsith, R. Sawangkeaw, S. Makmee and K. Bunyakiat. "Continuous Production of Biodiesel via Transesterification from Vegetable Oils in Supercritical Methanol". Energy and Fuels. vol 20. pg 812 - 817. 2006.
[23] A.K. Singh and S.D. Fernando. "Transesterification of Soybean Oil Using Heterogeneous Catalysts". Energy Fuel. vol 22(3). pg 2067 - 2069. 2008.
[24] H. Hattori. "Solid Base Catalysts: Generation of Basic Sites and Application to Organic Synthesis". Applied Catalysis A: General. vol 222. pg 247 - 259. 2001.