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A Computer Proven Application of the Discrete Logarithm Problem

Authors: Sebastian Kusch, Markus Kaiser


In this paper we analyze the application of a formal proof system to the discrete logarithm problem used in publickey cryptography. That means, we explore a computer verification of the ElGamal encryption scheme with the formal proof system Isabelle/HOL. More precisely, the functional correctness of this algorithm is formally verified with computer support. Besides, we present a formalization of the DSA signature scheme in the Isabelle/HOL system. We show that this scheme is correct what is a necessary condition for the usefulness of any cryptographic signature scheme.

Keywords: formal verification, formal proof system, higher-order logic, cryptographic signature scheme

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