Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30172
Adaptive Skin Segmentation Using Color Distance Map

Authors: Mohammad Shoyaib, M. Abdullah-Al-Wadud, Oksam Chae

Abstract:

In this paper an effective approach for segmenting human skin regions in images taken at different environment is proposed. The proposed method uses a color distance map that is flexible enough to reliably detect the skin regions even if the illumination conditions of the image vary. Local image conditions is also focused, which help the technique to adaptively detect differently illuminated skin regions of an image. Moreover, usage of local information also helps the skin detection process to get rid of picking up much noisy pixels.

Keywords: Color Distance map, Reference skin color, Regiongrowing, Skin segmentation.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1328372

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1613

References:


[1] J-H Zheng, C-Y Hao, Y-Y Fan, X-Y Zang, "Adaptive Skin Detection Under Unconstrained Lighting Conditions Using A Bigaussian Model And Illumination Estimation," Image Analysis & Stereology, vol. 24, pp 21-33, 2005.
[2] S.L. Phung, D. Chai, A. Bouzerdoum, "A Novel Skin Color Model in YCbCr Color Space and Its Application to Human Face Detection," In Proc. of IEEE int. conf. on image Proc., 2002.
[3] K.W. Wong, K.M. Lam, W.C., "A Robust Scheme for Live Detection of Human Faces in Color Images," Signal Processing: Image communication, 2003, vol. 18(1), pp. 103-114.
[4] H. Sahbi, N Boujemaa, "Accurate Face Detection Based on Coarse Segmentation and fine Skin Color Adaption," In ICISP, Morocco, 2001.
[5] M. Soriano, B Martinkauppi, S Huovinen, M Laaksonen, "Adaptive Skin Color Modeling Using the Skin Locus for Selecting Training Pixels," Pattern Recognition, 2003, Vol. 36(3), pp. 681-690.
[6] P. Kakumanu, S. Makrogiannis, N. Bourbakis, "A Survey of Skin-color Modeling and Detection Methods," Pattern recognition, vol. 40, pp. 1106-1122, 2007.
[7] F. Gasparini, R. Schettini, "Skin Segmentation using Multiple Thresholding," SPIE proceedings, pp. 6061-18, 2006.
[8] M.-H. Yang, N. Ahuja, "Gaussian Mixture Model for Human Skin Colour and its Applications in Image and Video Databases," SPIE/EI&T Storage and Retrieval for Image and Video Databases, pp. 458-466, 1999.
[9] V. Vezhnevets, V. Sazonov, A. Andreeva, "A Survey on Pixel-based Skin Color Detection techniques," GRAPHICON, pp. 85-92, 2003.
[10] Maricor Soriano, Birgitta Martinkauppi, Sami Huovinen, Mika Laaksonen, "Skin Detection in Video under Changing Illumination Conditions," International Conference on Pattern Recognition, vol. bha1, pp. 839-842, 2000.
[11] Ming-Chieh Chi, Jyong-An Jhu, Mei-Juan Chen, "H.263+ region-of-interest video coding with efficient skin-color extraction," International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE), pp. 381 - 382, 2006.
[12] S. Tsekeridou, I. Pitas, "Facial Feature Extraction in Frontal Views using Biometric Analogies," Proc. of the IX European Signal Processing Conference I, pp. 315-318.
[13] M. Jones, J. Rehg, "Statistical Color Models with Application to Skin Detection," IEEE Conference on computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), pp. 274-280, 1999.
[14] H. Yao, W. Gao, "Face detection and location based on skin chrominance and lip chrominance transformation from color images," Pattern Recognition, vol. 34, no. 8, 1555-1564, 2001.
[15] D. Chai, K.N. Ngan, "Face Segmentation using Skin Colour Map in Videophone Applications," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 551-564, 1999.
[16] J. Kovac, P. Peer, F. Solina, "2D Versus 3D Colour Space Face Detection," 4th EURASIP Conference on Video/Image Processing and Multimedia Communications, Croatia, pp. 449-454, 2003.
[17] C. Garcia, G. Tziritas, "Face Detection using Quantized Skin Colour Regions Merging and Wavelet Packet Analysis," IEEE Transaction on Multimedia, pp. 264-277, 1999.
[18] I-S. Hsieh, K-C. Fan, C. Lin, "A Statistic Approach to the Detection of Human Faces in Color Nature Scene," Pattern Recognition, vol. 35, pp. 1583-1596, 2002.
[19] G. Gomez, E.F. Morales, "Automatic Feature Construction and a Simple Rule Induction Algorithm for Skin Detection," Proc. Of the ICML workshop on Machine Learning in Computer Vision, pp. 31-38, 2002.
[20] Y. Dai, Y. Nakano, "Face-texture model based on SGLD and its application in face detection in a color scene," Pattern Recognition, vol. 29 (6), pp. 1007-1017, 1996.
[21] J. Cai, A. Goshtasby, "Detecting Human Faces in Colour Images," IVC, vol. 18, pp. 63-75, 1999.
[22] J.L. Crowley, F. B. Crard, "Multi-Modal Tracking of Faces for Video Communications," IEEE Comp. Soc. Conf CVPR, pp. 640-645, 1997.
[23] L.J. Liu, Y.H. Yang, "Multiresolution color image segmentation," IEEE Trans. on PAMI, vol. 16, pp. 689-700, 1994.
[24] M. Abdullah-Al-Wadud, Oksam Chae, "Region-of-Interest Selection for Skin Detection Based Applications," Proc. Of the IEEE International Conference on Convergence Information Technology, pp. 1999-2004, 2007.
[25] F. Tarrés, A. Rama, GTAV Face Database, available at http://gps-tsc.upc.es/GTAV/ResearchAreas/UPCFaceDatabase/GTAVFa ceDatabase.htm
[26] Qiang Zhu, Ching-Tung Wu, Kwang-Ting Cheng, Yi-Leh Wu. "An Adaptive Skin Model and Its Application to Objectionable Image Filtering", ACM International Conference on Multimedia 2004 (ACM MM), October 10-16, New York, USA, pp. 56-63, 2004.
[27] S.L. Phung, A. Bouzerdoum, D. Chai, "Skin segmentation using color pixel classification: analysis and comparison," IEEE Transaction on Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 27(1), pp. 148-154, 2005.
[28] M.J. Jones, R.M. Rehg, "Statistical color models with application to skin detection," Int-l J. Computer Vision, Vol. 46 (1), pp. 81-96, 2002.
[29] S.L. Phung, D. Chai, and A. Bouzerdoum, "A Universal and Robust Human Skin Color Model Using Neural Networks," Proc. INNS-IEEE Int-l Joint Conf. Neural Networks, vol. 4, pp. 2844-2849, July 2001.
[30] Jones, M. and J. Rehg, "Statistical color models with application to skin detection," In IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. 1999.
[31] Bera, Anil K., Carlos M. Jarque, "Efficient tests for normality, homoscedasticity and serial independence of regression residuals". Economics Letters 6 (3): 255-259, 1980.
[32] Bera, Anil K.; Carlos M. Jarque, "Efficient tests for normality, homoscedasticity and serial independence of regression residuals: Monte Carlo evidence". Economics Letters 7 (4): 313-318, 1981.
[33] Judge et al. (1988). Introduction and the Theory and Practice of Econometrics, 3rd edn., 890-892.
[34] G.D. Finlayson, B. Shiele and J.L. Crowley, "Comprehensive colour normalization," Proc. of European Conf. on Computer Vision (ECCV), Vol I, pp. 475-490, Germany, 1998.