Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30184
Using Reverse Osmosis Membrane for Chromium Removal from Aqueous Solution
Abstract:In this paper, removal of chromium(VI) from aqueous solution has been researched using reverse osmosis. The influence of transmembrane pressure and feed concentration on permeate flux, water recovery, permeate concentration, and salt rejection was studied. The results showed that according to the variation of transmembrane pressure and feed concentration, the permeate flux and salt rejection were in the range 19.17 to 58.75 l/m2.min and 99.51 to 99.8 %, respectively. The highest permeate flux, 58.75 l/m2.min, and water recovery, 42.47 %, were obtained in the highest pressure and the lowest feed concentration. On the other hand, the lowest permeate concentration, 0.01 mg/l, and the highest salt rejection, 99.8 %, were obtained in the highest pressure and the lowest feed concentration.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1331495Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2162
 N. Serpone, E. Borgarello, E. Pelizzeti, E. Schiavello (Eds.), Photocatalysis and Environment, Kluwer Academic, The Netherlands, 1988.
 J. O. Nriagu, J. M. Pacyna, Quantitative assessment of worldwide contamination of air, water and soils by trace metals, Nature (Lond., UK) 333 (6169), 134–139, 1988.
 P. Rana-Madaria, M. Nagarajan, C. Rajagopal, and B. S. Garg, Removal of Chromium from Aqueous Solutions by Treatment with Carbon Aerogel Electrodes Using Response Surface Methodology, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 44 (17), 6549-6559, 2005.
 G. Rojas, J. Silva, J.A. Flores, A. Rodriguez, M. Ly,H.Maldonado, Adsorption of chromium onto cross-linked chitosan, Seperation Purification Technology 44, 31–36, 2005.
 I.B. Singh, D.R. Singh, Cr(VI) removal in acidic aqueous solution using iron-bearing industrial solid wastes and their stabilisation with cement, Environmental Technology 23, 85–95, 2002.
 C. Ahmed Basha, K. Ramanathan, R. Rajkumar, M. Mahalakshmi, and P. Senthil Kumar, Management of Chromium Plating Rinsewater Using Electrochemical Ion Exchange, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 47 (7), 2279-2286, 2008.
 H. Park, and L. L. Tavlarides Adsorption of Chromium(VI) from Aqueous Solutions Using an Imidazole Functionalized Adsorbent, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 47 (10), 3401-3409, 2008.
 J. Qin, M. Wai, M. Oo, F. Wong, A feasibility study on the treatment and recycling of a wastewater from metal plating, Journal of Membrane Science 208, 213-221, 2002.
 M.A. Hasana, Y.T. Selima, K.M. Mohamed, Removal of chromium from aqueous waste solution using liquid emulsion membrane, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009.
 Cristian Covarrubias a, Rafael Garc´ıa, Ren´an Arriagada, Jorge Y´anez, Harikrishnan Ramananb, Zhiping Lai b, Michael Tsapatsis, Removal of trivalent chromium contaminant from aqueous media using FAU-type zeolite membranes, Journal of Membrane Science 312, 163–173, 2008.
 P. S. Kulkarni, V. Kalyani, and V. V. Mahajani, Removal of Hexavalent Chromium by Membrane-Based Hybrid Processes, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 46 (24), 8176-8182, 2007.
 G. Arthanareeswaran, P. Thanikaivelan, N. Jaya, D. Mohana,, M. Raajenthiren, Removal of chromium from aqueous solution using cellulose acetate and sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) blend ultrafiltration membranes, Journal of Hazardous Materials B139, 44–49, 2007.
 C. Kozlowski, W. Walkowiak, Removal of chromium(VI) from aqueous solutions by polymer inclusion membranes, Water Research 36, 4870– 4876, 2002.
 X. Chai, G. Chen, P. Yue, Y. Mi, Pilot scale membrane separation of electroplating waste water by reverse osmosis, Journal of Membrane Science 123, 235-242, 1997.
 American Water Works Association, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 21th ed. APHA, Washington, DC, 2005.
 M. C. Porter, Handbook of Industrial Membrane Technology, Noyes Publications, NJ, 1990.