Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30075
The Effects of Feeding Dried Fermented Cassava Peel on Milk Production and Composition of Etawah Crossedbred Goat
Abstract:Twelve lactating Etawah Crossedbred goats were used in this study. Goat feed consisted of Cally andra callothyrsus, Pennisetum purpureum, wheat bran and dried fermented cassava peel. The cassava peels were fermented with a traditional culture called “ragi tape" (mixed culture of Saccharomyces cerevisae, Aspergillus sp, Candida, Hasnula and Acetobacter). The goats were divided into 2 groups (Control and Treated) of six does. The experimental diet of the Control group consisted of 70% of roughage (fresh Callyandra callothyrsus and Pennisetum purpureum 60:40) and 30% of wheat bran on dry matter (DM) base. In the Treated group 30% of wheat bran was replaced with dried fermented cassava peels. Data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance followed SPSS program. The concentration of HCN in fermented cassava peel decreased to non toxic level. Nutrient composition of dried fermented cassava peel consisted of 85.75% dry matter; 5.80% crude protein and 82.51% total digestible nutrien (TDN). Substitution of 30% of wheat bran with dried fermented cassava peel in the diet had no effect on dry matter and organic matter intake but significantly (P< 0.05) decreased crude protein and TDN consumption as well as milk yields and milk composition. The study recommended to reduced the level of substitution to less than 30% of concentrates in the diet in order to avoid low nutrient intake and milk production of goats.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1331345Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2605
 N.A. Adamafio, M. Sakyiamah and J. Tettey. "Fermentation in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) pulp juice improves nutritive value of cassava peel," African Journal of Biochemistry Research, vol. 4, pp. 51-56, 2010.
 A. A. Adegbola and O. Asaolu.. "Preparation of cassava peels for use in small ruminant production in Western Nigeria," 1985.
 F.A. Aderemi and F.C. Nworgu.," Nutritional Status of Cassava Peels and Root Sieviate Biodegraded With Aspergillus niger," American- Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., vol. 2, pp. 308-311.
 R. Y. Baiden, S. W. A. Rhule, H. R. Otsyina, E. T. Sottie and G. Ameleke, "Performance of West African Dwarf sheep and goats fed varying levels of cassava pulp as a replacement for cassava peel," Livestock for Rural Development, vol. 19. 2007.
 A.R. Cordoso, E. Miriore, M. Ernesto, F. Massaza, J. Cliff., M.R. Haque, H.J. Bradburry, " Processing of cassava roots remove cyanogenes," J. Food Comp Anal, vol. 18, pp. 451-460, 2005.
 O. O. Ezekiel, O. C. Aworh, H. P. Blaschek and T. C. Ezeji, "Protein enrichment of cassava peel by submerged with Trichoderma viride (ATCC 36316)," African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 9, pp. 187-194, 2010.
 S.C. Kobawila, D. Louembe, S. Keleke, J. Hounhouigan, C. Gamba, "Reduction of the cyanide content during fermentation of cassava root and leaves to produce bikedi and ntoba mbodi, two food products from Congo," African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 4, pp. 689-696, 2005.
 Nutrien Requirement of Goats: Angora, Dairy, and Meat Goats in Temperate and Tropical Countries. 1981. National Academic Press, Washington.
 N. H. Muhiddin, N. Juli and I. N. P. Aryantha, "Peningkatan kandungan protein kulit ubi kayu melalui proses fermentasi," JMS,vol. 6, pp. 1-12, 2001.
 G. Oboh, "Nutrient enrichment of cassava peels using a mixed culture of Saccharomyces cerevisae and Lactobacillus spp solid media fermentation techniques," Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 9, 2006.
 Y. Suranindyah, T. S. M. Widi, Sumadi, N. H. Tarmawati and U. Dwisepta, "Production performance of Etawah Crossedbred goats in Turi Sleman Yogyakarta," in Proc. The Ist International Seminar on Animal Industry, 2009
 Y. Suranindyah and A. Astuti, "The Effect of Washing and Fermentation of Cassava Peel on HCN Concentration and Rumen VFA Production," in Proc. The 2nd International Seminar Feed Safety for Healthy Food, 2010, pp. 577-580
 Y. Suranindyah, A. Astuti, I. Sundari and R. Asih, "The Effect of Feeding Cassava Peel Chips on Nutrient Consumption and Milk Production of Dairy Goats," in Proc. The 1st Asia Dairy Goat Conference, 2012, pp. 165-167
 D. V. Uza, R. E. Barde and J.A. Ayoade., "The effect of urea treated cassava peels as supplement to West African Dwarf (WAD) goats grazing natural pasture,". Nigerian Veterinary Journal, vol. 26, pp. 1-9, 2005
 I.K. Sutama and I.G.M. "Budiarsana, Etawah Grade goats as the source of income of farmers in Indonesia," Livestock Research Center Ciawi, 1997
 T. Sutardi, N.A. Sigit. dan T. Tahormat, " Standarisasi Mutu Protein Bahan Makanan Ternak Ruminansia berdasarkan Parameter Metabolismenya oleh Mikrobia Rumen," Proyek Pengembangan Ilmu dan Teknologi. Ditjen Pendidikan Tinggi, Jakarta, 1983
 A. D. Tillman, H. Hartadi, S. Prawirokusumo, S. Reksohadiprodjo dan S. Lebdosoekojo, Ilmu Makanan Ternak Dasar. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, 1991