Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30174
Effective Density for the Classification of Transport Activity Centers
Abstract:This research work takes a different approach in the discussion of urban form impacts on transport planning and auto dependency. Concentrated density represented by effective density explains auto dependency better than the conventional density and it is proved to be a realistic density representative for the urban transportation analysis. Model analysis reveals that effective density is influenced by the shopping accessibility index as well as job density factor. It is also combined with the job access variable to classify four levels of Transport Activity Centers (TACs) in Okinawa, Japan. Trip attraction capacity and levels of the newly classified TACs was found agreeable with the amount of daily trips attracted to each center. The trip attraction data set was drawn from a 2007 Okinawa personal trip survey. This research suggests a planning methodology which guides logical transport supply routes and concentrated local development schemes.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1330843Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1154
 Okinawa prefecture official website. http://www.pref.okinawa.jp/index.html
 Cervero, R. and Kockelman, K., "Travel demand and the 3Ds: Density, Diversity and Design," Transportation research Part D: Transport and Environment, vol.2. no.3, pp.199-219,1997.
 Newman, P. and Kenworthy, J., "Sustainability and cities," USA: Island Press, 1999.
 Paul, C. and Tim, S., "Re-evaluating the impact of urban form on travel patterns in Europe and North America," Elsevier Journal of transport policy, vol.13, pp.229-239, 2006.
 Boarnet, G. and Crane, R., "Travel by design: The influence of urban form on travel," USA: Oxford university press,2001.
 Cullinane, S. "Hong Kong-s low car dependence: lessons and prospects," Journal of Transport Geography, Vol.11, no.1, pp.25-35,2002.
 Soltani, A. and Allan, A., "Analyzing impacts of micro scale urban attributes on travel: Evidence from Sub-urban Adelaide, Australia," Journal of Urban planning and Development, vol.132, no.3, pp.132-135,2006.
 Giuliano, G. and Small, K.., "Sub centers in the Los Angeles region," Regional Science and Urban Economics, vol.12, no.2, pp.161-196,1991
 Bogart, W. and Ferry, W. (1999) Employment centers in greater Cleveland: Evidence of Evolution in a formerly mono-centric city. Urban studies, vol.36 no. 12, 2099-2110,1999
 Casello,J. and Smith, T., "Transportation Activity Centers for Urban Transportation Analysis" Journal of Urban Planning and Development, vol.132, no. 4,pp. 247-257,2006
 Dargey, J., Gately, D. & Sommer, M., "Car Ownership and Income Growth Worldwide: 1960-2030," British Institute of Energy Economics, Annual Conference, Oxford, 20-22 September 2006. UK.
 The 3rd Okinawa Person-Trip Survey Official Report. September 2007, Okinawa, Japan (Japanese)
 Newman, P. and Kenworthy, J., "urban design to reduce automobile dependence," Opolis an international Journal of sub-urban and metropolitan studies, vol.2, no.1, pp.35-52,2006
 Goodwill, J. and Hendrricks, S., "Building TOD in established Communities," University of South Florida and Center for Urban Transportation Research technical report No.473-135,2002.