Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31097
Reality and Preferences in Community Mopane (Colophospermum Mopane) Woodland Management in Zimbabwe and Namibia
Abstract:There is increasing pressure on, and decline of mopane woodlands due to increasing use and competition for mopane resources in Zimbabwe in Namibia. Community management strategies, based largely on local knowledge are evidently unable to cope. Research has generated potentially useful information for mopane woodland management, but this information has not been utilized. The work reported in this paper sought to add value to research work conducted on mopane woodlands by developing effective community-based mopane woodland management regimes that were based on both local and scientific knowledge in Zimbabwe and Namibia. The conditions under which research findings were likely to be adopted for mopane woodland management by communities were investigated. The study was conducted at two sites each in Matobo and Omusati Districts in Zimbabwe and Namibia respectively. The mopane woodland resources in the two study areas were assessed using scientific ecological methods. A range of participatory methods was used to collect information on use of mopane woodland resources by communities, institutional arrangements governing access to and use of these resources and to evaluate scientific knowledge for applicability in local management regimes. Coppicing, thinning and pollarding were the research generated management methods evaluated. Realities such as availability of woodland resources and social roles and responsibilities influenced preferences for woodland management interventions
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1330731Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2305
 B. De Winter, M. De Winter and D.J.B. Killick, Sixty-six Transvaal Trees. Botanical Research Institute of Pretoria, 1966.
 E. Palmer and N. Pitman, Trees of Southern Africa, Vol. 2. A.A. Balkema, Cape Town, pp. 842-845, 1972.
 P.N. Bradley and K. McNamara (eds.) Living With Trees: Policies for Forest Management in Zimbabwe. World Bank Technical Paper No. 210, World Bank, Washington DC, 1993.
 N. Nemarundweand W. Kozanayi, Institutional arrangements for water resource use: a case study from southern Zimbabwe. Journal of Southern African Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pp 193-206, 2003.
 K. Tietema, D.L. Kgath and E. Merkesdale, Wood production and consumption in Dukwe: A feasibility study for a woodland management and plantation scheme. National Institute Development Research and Documentation, Gaborone, Botswana, 86pp, 1988.
 G.N. Smit, The influence of intensity of tree thinning on Colophospermum veld, Vols 1&2. PhD thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 1994.
 G.N. Smit and N.F.G. Rethman, The influence of tree thinning on the reproduction dynamics of Colophospermum mopane. South African Journal of Botany 64: 25-29, 1988.
 T.G. O-Connor, Impact of sustained drought on a semi-arid Colophospermum mopane savanna. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 15: 83-91, 1999.
 G. N. Smit, The influence of tree thinning on the vegetative growth and browse production of Colophospermum mopane. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 31 (3/4), 99-114, 2001.
 S. Macgregor and T.G. O-Connor, Patch dieback of Colophospermum mopane in a dysfunctional semi-arid African savanna. Australian Ecology 27: 385-395, 2002.
 T. Tietema, D.J. Tolsma, E.M. Veenendaal and J. Schroten, Plant responses to human activities in the tropical savanna ecosystem of Botswana. In Ecological Responses to Environmental Stresses, Netherlands, Kluwer pp 262-276, 1991.
 A. Erkkila, and H. Siiskonen, Silva Carelica No.20. University of Joensu, Finland. 244 pages, 1992.
 R.H. Coe, R.H. (1991). Effects of thinning Colophospermum mopane in an indigenous woodland setting. Journal of Forestry Association of Botswana pp. 47-57, 1991.
 R. J. Scholes, The growth of Colophospermum mopane following clearing. Journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa 7: 147- 151, 1991.
 G.N. Smit and J.S. Swart, Successional trends in the establishment of herbaceous plants following different intensities of bush clearing in mopane veld. Bulletin of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa 4 (1) 20,1993.
 G.N. Smit, and N.F.G. Rethman, The influence of tree thinning on soil water in a semi-arid savanna of southern Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 44: 41-59, 2000.
 D. Mueller-Dombois and H. Ellenberg, Aims and methods of vegetation ecology. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1974.
 B. Campbell and S. Shackleton, Organizing for community based natural resources management. Zimbabwe Science News 36: 5-12, 2002.
 Matobo Rural District Council, Matobo Rural District Characteristics - Profile, 2001.
 A. B. Cunningham, Low-cost housing needs, wood use and woodlands. In: Pearce, G.D. and Gumbo, D.J. (eds.).The ecology and management of indigenous forests in southern Africa, 283-291. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, 27-29 July 1992. Forestry Commission, Harare, 1993.