Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30455
Instructional Design Practitioners in Malaysia: Skills and Issues
Abstract:The purpose of this research is to determine the knowledge and skills possessed by instructional design (ID) practitioners in Malaysia. As ID is a relatively new field in the country and there seems to be an absence of any studies on its community of practice, the main objective of this research is to discover the tasks and activities performed by ID practitioners in educational and corporate organizations as suggested by the International Board of Standards for Training, Performance and Instruction. This includes finding out the ID models applied in the course of their work. This research also attempts to identify the barriers and issues as to why some ID tasks and activities are rarely or never conducted. The methodology employed in this descriptive study was a survey questionnaire sent to 30 instructional designers nationwide. The results showed that majority of the tasks and activities are carried out frequently enough but omissions do occur due to reasons such as it being out of job scope, the decision was already made at a higher level, and the lack of knowledge and skills. Further investigations of a qualitative manner should be conducted to achieve a more in-depth understanding of ID practices in Malaysia
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1330669Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1451
 R.A. Reiser, "A history of instructional design and technology: Part I: A history of instructional media". Educational Technology Research and Development, 49(1), 2001, pp. 53-64.
 R. Kenny, Z. Zhang, .A. Schwier & K. Campbell, "A review of what instructional designers do: Questions answered and questions not asked". Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 31(1), 2005, pp. 2-26.
 J. Wedman & M. Tessmer, "Instructional designers- decisions and priorities: A survey of design practice". Performance Improvement Quarterly, 6(2), 1993, pp. 43-57.
 M.B. Larson, "Instructional design career environments: Survey of the alignment of preparation and practice". TechTrends, 49(6), 2005, pp. 22-32.
 M.B. Larson & B.B. Lockee, "Preparing instructional designers for different career environments: A case study". Educational Technology Research & Development, 57(1), 2009, pp. 1-24.
 R.A. Schwier, & J.R. Wilson, "Unconventional roles and activities identified by instructional designers". Contemporary Educational Technology, 1(2), 2010, pp. 134-147.
 M. Allen, "A profile of instructional designers in Australia". Distance Education, 17(1), 1996, pp. 7-32.
 C. Macpherson & A. Smith, "Academic authors- perceptions of the instructional design and development process for distance education: A case study". Distance Education, 19(1), 1998, pp. 124-141.
 E. Cheong, M.C. Wettasinghe, & J. Murphy, "Professional development of instructional designers: A proposed framework based on a Singapore study". International Journal on E-Learning, 5(2), 2006, pp. 197-219.
 International Board of Standards for Training, Performance and Instruction, Instructional design competencies: The standards, www.ibstpi.org, 2010.
 K. L. Gustafson, & R. M. Branch, Survey of instructional development models. (4th edition). ERIC Clearinghouse on Information & Technology, Syracuse, NY, 2002.