Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31108
Coastal Resource Management: Fishermen-s Perceptions of Seaweed Farming in Indonesia

Authors: Achmad Zamroni, Masahiro Yamao


Seaweed farming is emerging as a viable alternative activity in the Indonesian fisheries sector. This paper aims to investigate people-s perceptions of seaweed farming, to analyze its social and economic impacts and to identify the problems and obstacles hindering its continued development. Structured and semi-structured questionnaires were prepared to obtain qualitative data, and interviews were conducted with fishermen who also plant seaweed. The findings showed that fishermen in the Laikang Bay were enthusiastic about cultivating seaweeds and that seaweed plays a major role in supporting the household economy of fishermen. However, current seaweed drying technologies cannot support increased seaweed production on a farm or plot, especially in the rainy season. Additionally, variable monsoon seasons and long marketing channels are still major constraints on the development of the industry. Finally, capture fisheries, the primary economic livelihood of fishermen of older generations, is being slowly replaced by seaweed farming.

Keywords: Perception, Coastal Management, seaweed development and livelihood diversification

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2546


[1] E. Ariza, An analysis of beach management framework in Spain. Study case: the Catalonian coast. Journal of Coastal Conservation, doi: 10.1007/s11852-010-0135-y, 2010.
[2] M.C. Badjeck, Allison, E.H., Halls, A.S., Dulvy, N.K., Impacts of climate variability and change on fishery based livelihoods. Marine Policy 34(3), 2010, pp. 375-383.
[3] G. Carneiro, Marine management for human development: a review of two decades of scholarly evidence. Marine Policy 35(3), 2010, pp. 351-362.
[4] J.E.Cinner, T.R. McClanahan, A.Wamukota, Differences in livelihoods, socioeconomic characteristics, and knowledge about the sea between fishers and non-fishers living near and far from marine parks on the Kenyan coast. Marine Policy 34(1), 2010, pp. 22-28.
[5] F.M. Cooke, Symbolic and social dimensions in the economic production of seaweed. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 45(3), 2004, pp. 387-400.
[6] B, Crawford, Seaweed Farming: an alternative livelihood for small-scale fisheries?, working paper, Coastal Resource Center. University of Rhode Island, 2006. Available: . Access date: July 17, 2009.
[7] J.C. Gaillard, E.A. Maceda, E. Stasiak, I. Le Berre, M.V.O. Espaldon. Sustainable Livelihoods and people-s vulnerability in the face of coastal hazards. Journal of Coastal Conservation 13(2-3), 2009, pp. 119-129.
[8] S. Gelcich, N. Godoy, J.C. Castilla. Artisanal fishers- perceptions regarding coastal co-management policies in Chile and their potentials to scale-up marine biodiversity conservation. Ocean and Coastal Management 52(8), 2009, pp. 424-432.
[9] Y. Hikmayani, T. Apriliani, A. Zamroni. Marketing Analysis of Seaweed at Potential Regencies of Indonesia
[Analisis pemasaran rumput laut pada lokasi potensial di Indonesia]. Journal of Policy and Socio-Economic Research
[Journal Kebijakan dan Riset Sosial Ekonomi] 2(2), 2007, pp. 159-175.
[10] IFC, Seaweed farming in Indonesia. Monitor-Measuring Development Results in IFC 7, 2006 Available:$ FILE/Monitor_issue7.pdf. Access date: November 17, 2010.
[11] J. Ju, S.C. Linn, Z. Zhu. Middlemen and oligopolistic market makers Journal of Economics and Management Strategy 19(1), 2010, pp. 1-23.
[12] M. Le Tixerant, F. Gourmelon, C. Tissot, D. Brosset. Modelling of human activity development in coastal sea areas. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 2010, doi: 10.1007/s11852-010-0093-4.
[13] Marine and Fisheries Service Office of Takalar District and Narayana Adicipta Persero, Final report of Small Scale Natural Resource Management in Takalar. South Sulawesi, 2007, unpublished.
[14] D.J. McHugh, A Guide to The Seaweed Industry. Rome: FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 441, Food And Agriculture Organization Of The UnitedNations, 2003. Available: Http://Www.Fao.Org/Docrep/006/Y4765e/Y4765e00.Htm#Contents. Access date: November 18, 2010
[15] Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF). The Profile of Indonesian Seaweed
[Profil Rumput Laut Indonesia]. Jakarta: Directorate General of Culture Fisheries (DJCF), 2005, pp192.
[16] Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF), Technical Guidelines for Farming Eucheuma spp
[Petunjuk Teknis Budidaya Rumput Laut Eucheuma spp]. Jakarta. Directorate of Production. Directorate General of Culture Fisheries (DJCF), 2008, pp. 39.
[17] Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF), The Profile of Business and Investment of Seaweed
[Profil Peluang Usaha dan Investasi Rumput Laut]. Jakarta. Directorate General of Processing and Marketing of Fisheries Products (DGPMFP), 2009, pp. 49.
[18] L.J. Mullikin and R.D, Petty, Marketing tactics discouraging price search: deception and competition. Journal of Business Research 64(1), 2011, pp. 67-73.
[19] Nurdjana, M.L, Indonesian aquaculture development. Bali: Delivered on RCA International Workshop on Innovative Technologies for Eco-Friendly Fish Farm Management and Production of Safe Aquaculture Foods, Dec. 4-8, 2006. Available: Access date: November 17, 2010.
[20] Pawiro, S, Regional review on Mariculture: products demand and markets in Lovatelly, A., Phillips, M.J., Arthur, J.R. and Yamamoto, K. (Eds), FAO/NACA Regional Workshop on the Future of Mariculture: A Regional Approach for Responsible Development in the Asia-Pacific Region. FAO Fisheries Proceedings 11, Guuangzhou, China, 7-11 March 2006, pp. 41-63.
[21] E. Perez-Sanches, J.F. Muir, Fishermen perception on the resources management and aquaculture development in the Mecoacan estuary, Tabasco, Mexico. Ocean and Coastal Management 46(6-7), 2003, pp. 681-700.
[22] M.J. Rochet, M. Prigent, J.A. Bertrand, A. Carpentier, F. Coppin, J.P. Delpech, G. Fontenelle, E. Foucher, K. Mahe, E. Rostiaux, V.M. Trenkel, Ecosystem trends: evidence for agreement between fishers- perception and scientific information, 2008. Available: Access date: December 15, 2010.
[23] N.D. Salayao, R.N. Tagarino, C.G. Kick. Seaweed Farming in The Philippines: Its Prospects In Northeast Sorsogon, 1991, Available: Access date: June 18, 2010.
[24] Suastika Jaya, I.B.M. Indonesia in Lovatteli, A., Phillips, M.J., Arthur, J.R., Yamamoto, K. (Eds), FAO/NACA Regional Workshop on the Future of Mariculture: A Regional Approach for Responsible Development in the Asia-Pacific Region. FAO Fisheries Proceedings 11, Guangzhou, China, 7-11 March 2006, pp. 173-179.