Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30184
Utilization Juice Wastes as Corn Replacement in the Broiler Diet
Abstract:An experiment was conducted with 80 unsexed broilers of the Arbor Acress strain to determine the capability of a carrot and fruit juice wastes mixture (carrot, apple, manggo, avocado, orange, melon and Dutch egg plant) in the same proportion for replacing corn in broiler diet. This study involved a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments (0, 5, 10, 15, and 20% of juice wastes mixture in diets) and 4 replicates per treatment. Diets were isonitrogenous (22% crude protein) and isocaloric (3000 kcal/kg diet). Measured variables were feed consumption, average daily gain, feed conversion, as well as percentages of abdominal fat pad, carcass, digestive organs (liver, pancreas and gizzard), and heart. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance for CRD. Increasing juice wastes mixture levels in diets increased feed consumption (P<0.05) and average daily gain (P<0.01), while improving feed utilization efficiency (P<0.05). These treatments also affected (P<0.05) abdominal fat pad percentage but had no effect (P>0.05) on carcass, liver, pancreas, gizzard or heart percentages. In conclusion, up to 20% of juice wastes mixture could be included for the broiler diet to effectively replace up to 40% corn in the diet.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1330165Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1438
 E. Rabayaa, J. M. Abo Omar and R. A. Othman, Utilization of olive pulp in broiler rations. An-Najah University J. Res., Vol. 15. 2001.
 Zafar, F., M. Idrees and Z. Ahmed, Use of apple by-products in poultry rations of broiler chicks in Karachi. Pak. J. Physiol. 1:1-2. 2005.
 N. A. Al-Betawi, Preliminary study on tomato pomace as unusual feed stuff in broiler diets. Pak. J. of Nutrition 4 (1): 57-63. 2005.
 O. I. A. Oluremi, V. O. Ojighen and E. H. Ejembi, The nutritive potentials of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) rind in broiler production. Int. J. of Poult. Sci., 5 (7): 613-617. 2006.
 M. E. Mahata, Survey on fruits juice wastes in Padang city, "unpublished.
 NRC. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. Nine Revised Edition. National Academy Press. Washington DC. 1994.
 R. G. D. Steel and J. H. Torrie. Principles and Procedures Statistics a Biometric Approach. P.T. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta. 1991.
 N. A. G. Cave, Effect of dietary propionic acids on feed intake in chicks. Poultry Sci. 63:131-134. 1984.
 S. F. Bilgili, E. T. Moran and N. Acar, Strain-cross response of heavy male broilers to dietary lysine in the finisher period. Poultry Sci. 71:850-858. 1992.
 H. M. Edwards, S. R. Fernandez and D. H. Baker, Maintenance lysine requirement and efficiency of using lysine for accretion of whole body lysine and protein in young chicks. Poultry Sci. 78:1407-1411. 1999.
 Y. Han and D. H. Baker, Lysine requirement of male and female broiler chicks during the period three to six weeks post hatching. Poultry Sci. 73:1739-1745. 1994.
 A. P. Rosa, G. M. Pesti, H. M. Edwards Jr. and R. I. Bakalli, Threonine requirements of different broiler genotypes. Poult. Sci. 80:1710-1717. 2001a.
 A. P. Rosa, G. M. Pesti, H. M. Edwards Jr. and R. I. Bakalli, Tryptophan requirements of different broiler genotypes. Poult. Sci. 80:1718-1722. 2001b.
 A. S. Shan, , K. G. Steroling, G. M. Pesti, R. I. Bakalli, J. P. Driver and A. A. Tejedor, The influence of temperature on the threonine and tryptophan requirements of young broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 82:1154- 1162. 2003.
 D. H. Baker, Advances in protein-amino acid nutrition of poultry. Amino Acids. 37:29-41. 2009.
 D. W. Dean, T. D. Bidner and L. L. Southern, Glycine supplementation to low protein, amino acid-supplemented diets supports optimal performance of broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 85:288-296. 2006.
 J. A. Cherry and D. E. Jones, Dietary cellulose, wheat bran, and fishmeal in relation to hepatic lipids, serum lipids, and lipid excretion in laying hens. Poultry Sci. 61:1973-1980. 1982.