Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30184
The National Energy Strategy for Saudi Arabia
Authors: Ziyad Aljarboua
Abstract:In this paper, we present a technical and an economic assessment of several sources of renewable energy in Saudi Arabia; mainly solar, wind, hydro and biomass. We analyze the environmental and climatic conditions in relation to these sources and give an overview of some of the existing clean energy technologies. Using standardized cost and efficiency data, we carry out a cost benefit analysis to understand the economic factors influencing the sustainability of energy production from renewable sources in light of the energy cost and demand in the Saudi market. Finally, we take a look at the Saudi petroleum industry and the existing sources of conventional energy and assess the potential of building a successful market for renewable energy under the constraints imposed by the flow of subsidized cheap oil. We show that while some renewable energy resources are well suited for distributed or grid connected generation in the kingdom, their viability is greatly undercut by the well developed and well capitalized oil industry.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1058603Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3212
 P. Vincent, Saudi Arabia: An Environmental Overview, Routledge, 2008, pp. 38-39.
 "CIA World Factbook: Saudi Arabia", Central Intelligence Agency, 2009.
 "Saudi Arabia", Energy Information Administration, August 2008. Available: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/ cabs/Saudi_Arabia/Oil.html
 "EarthTrends Country Profiles: Saudi Arabia", World Resources Institute, 2003. Available: http://earthtrends. wri.org/pdf_library/country_profiles/ene_cou_682.pdf
 Claus Frohlich, "Construction of a Composite Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) Time Series from 1978 to present", Physikalisch-Meteorologisches Observatorium Davos, 2006. Available: http://www.pmodwrc.ch/pmod. php?topic=tsi/composite/SolarConstant
 M. Thekaekara, Solar Irradiance, Total and Spectral, Solar Energy Engineering, Academic Press, 2008, pp. 37-60.
 Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs, August 2008. Available: http://www.mofa.gov.sa/Detail.asp?InSectionID=1719&InNewsItemID= 34509
 "Federal Energy Management Program Maps", National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2009.
 N.M. Al-Abbadi, Wind energy resource assessment for five locations in Saudi Arabia, Renewable Energy, 30 (2005), pp. 1489-1499.
 L. Fingersh, M. Hand, A. Laxson, "Wind Turbine Design Cost and Scaling Model, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2006.
 Classes of Wind Power Density at 10m and 50m", National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
 P. Vincent, Saudi Arabia: An Environmental Overview, Routledge, 2008, pp. 95.
 N.A. Norton, A. Sadiq, V.J. Norton, "Desalination as a Water Source for Municipal and Industrial Water Users: The Future is Now", in 2003 Proc. Georgia Water Resources Conference.
 D.R. Legates, C.J. Willmontt, "Mean Seasonal and Spatial Variability in Gauge-Corrected, Global Precipitation", International Journal of Climatology, 2003, pp. 111-127.
 P. Vincent, Saudi Arabia: An Environmental Overview, Routledge, 2008, pp. 96.
 A.H. AbuZinada, E.R. Robinson, I.A. Nader, Y.I. Wetaid, "First Saudi Arabian National Report on the Convention on Biological Diversity, National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development", 2001.
 A.A. Al-Shaikh, "Evaporation Data Stochastic Generation for King Fahad Dam Lake in Bishah", Saudi Arabia.
 D. Assmann, U. Laumanns, "Renewable Energy: A Global Review of Technologies, Policies and Markets", Earthscan, 2006.
 I.I. Nawwab, P.C. Speers, P.F. Hoye, P. Lunde, Saudi Aramco and Its World: Arabia and the Middle East, Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco), 1995.
 K.S. Twitchell, E.J. Jurj─½, R. Bayly, Saudi Arabia: with an Account of the Development of its Natural Resources, Greenwood Press, 1969.
 "Agricultural Achievements", Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in London. Available: http://www.mofa.gov.sa/Detail. asp?InNewsItemID=24496
 S. Karam, "Saudi Arabia Scraps Wheat Growing to Save Water", Reuters, Jan 8, 2008.
 "The Daily Report, Information & Studies Center", June, 18, 2008. Available: http://www.mofa.gov.sa/media /81078 _18-06-2008Eng.pdf
 "Beyond the OECD-Saudi Arabia", International Energy Agency, 2006. Available: http://www.iea.org/ Textbase/country/n_country.asp?COUNTRY_CODE=SA
 "Annual Statistical Bulletin", Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, 2007.
 The Gulf Oil and Gas Sector: Potential and Constraints, 2006. pp.145- 160.
 "A Brief Introduction to Minerals in the Kingdom", Saudi Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, April 2009. Available: http://www.mopm.gov.sa/mopm/ detail.do?content=min_bg
 "Background Note: Saudi Arabia", U.S. Department of State, January 2009. Available: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ ei/bgn/3584.htm
 "Country Analysis Briefs: Saudi Arabia", Energy Information Administration, August 2008. Available: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Saudi_Arabia/ Full.html
 C. Baltimore, "UPDATE 2-Saudi Arabia-s Oil Expansion Plans on Track", Reuters, February 2008.
 J. Hoffman, M. Hoffman, Green Your Place in the New Energy Revolution, 2008.
 T. Patel, S"audi Arabia Warns on Rapid Shift to Renewable Energy", Bloomberg L.P., March 2009.
 "China Unleashes Clean Revolution", The Climate Group, July 2008. Available: http://www.theclimategroup. org/news_and_events/china_unleashes_clean_revolution/