Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31532
A Novel Portable Device for Fast Analysis of Energetic Materials in the Environment

Authors: Jozef Šesták, Zbyněk Večeřa, Vladislav Kahle, Dana Moravcová, Pavel Mikuška, Josef Kellner, František Božek


Construction of portable device for fast analysis of energetic materials is described in this paper. The developed analytical system consists of two main parts: a miniaturized microcolumn liquid chromatograph of unique construction and original chemiluminescence detector. This novel portable device is able to determine selectively most of nitramine- and nitroester-based explosives as well as inorganic nitrates at trace concentrations in water or soil extracts in less than 8 minutes.

Keywords: Portable device, uLC, chemiluminescence, nitramines, nitroesters.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1337


[1] G. A. Eiceman, J. A. Stone, "Peer reviewed: ion mobility spectrometers in national defense", in Anal. Chem., 76(21), p. 390-397, 2004.
[2] J.P. Smith, V. Hinson-Smith, "The New Era of SAW Device", in Anal. Chem., 78(11), p. 3505-3507, 2006.
[3] J. V. Goodpaster, V. L. McGuffin, "Fluorescence quenching as an indirect detection method for nitrated explosives",in Anal. Chem., 73(9), p. 2004-2011, 2001.
[4] M. S. Meaney, V. L. McGuffin, "Luminescence-based methods for sensing and detection of explosives", in Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 391, p. 2557-2576, 2008.
[5] E. Smith, G. Dent, Modern Raman Spectroscopy. A Practical Approach., Wiley, Chichester, pp. 2-8., 2005.
[6] E. J. Staples, "Detecting chemical vapours from explosives using the zNose, an ultra-high speed gas chromatogram", in J. W. Gardner, J. Yinon, Electronic Noses and Sensors for the Detection of Explosives, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2004.
[7] M. Krejčí, Trace analysis with microcolumn liquid chromatography, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1992.
[8] M. Krejčí, V. Kahle, "New principle of sample introduction integrated with mobile phase delivery for micro-column liquid-chromatography", in J. Chromatogr., 392, p. 133-142, 1987.