Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31532
A Novel Portable Device for Fast Analysis of Energetic Materials in the Environment

Authors: Jozef Šesták, Zbyněk Večeřa, Vladislav Kahle, Dana Moravcová, Pavel Mikuška, Josef Kellner, František Božek

Abstract:

Construction of portable device for fast analysis of energetic materials is described in this paper. The developed analytical system consists of two main parts: a miniaturized microcolumn liquid chromatograph of unique construction and original chemiluminescence detector. This novel portable device is able to determine selectively most of nitramine- and nitroester-based explosives as well as inorganic nitrates at trace concentrations in water or soil extracts in less than 8 minutes.

Keywords: Portable device, uLC, chemiluminescence, nitramines, nitroesters.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1058587

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1337

References:


[1] G. A. Eiceman, J. A. Stone, "Peer reviewed: ion mobility spectrometers in national defense", in Anal. Chem., 76(21), p. 390-397, 2004.
[2] J.P. Smith, V. Hinson-Smith, "The New Era of SAW Device", in Anal. Chem., 78(11), p. 3505-3507, 2006.
[3] J. V. Goodpaster, V. L. McGuffin, "Fluorescence quenching as an indirect detection method for nitrated explosives",in Anal. Chem., 73(9), p. 2004-2011, 2001.
[4] M. S. Meaney, V. L. McGuffin, "Luminescence-based methods for sensing and detection of explosives", in Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 391, p. 2557-2576, 2008.
[5] E. Smith, G. Dent, Modern Raman Spectroscopy. A Practical Approach., Wiley, Chichester, pp. 2-8., 2005.
[6] E. J. Staples, "Detecting chemical vapours from explosives using the zNose, an ultra-high speed gas chromatogram", in J. W. Gardner, J. Yinon, Electronic Noses and Sensors for the Detection of Explosives, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2004.
[7] M. Krejčí, Trace analysis with microcolumn liquid chromatography, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1992.
[8] M. Krejčí, V. Kahle, "New principle of sample introduction integrated with mobile phase delivery for micro-column liquid-chromatography", in J. Chromatogr., 392, p. 133-142, 1987.