Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31105
The State, Local Community and Participatory Governance Practices: Prospects of Change
Authors: Gaysu R. Arvind
Abstract:In policy discourse of 1990s, more inclusive spaces have been constructed for realizing full and meaningful participation of common people in education. These participatory spaces provide an alternative possibility for universalizing elementary education against the backdrop of a history of entrenched forms of social and economical exclusion; inequitable education provisions; and shrinking role of the state in today-s neo-liberal times. Drawing on case-studies of bottom-up approaches to school governance, the study examines an array of innovative ways through which poor people gained a sense of identity and agency by evolving indigenous solutions to issues regarding schooling of their children. In the process, state-s institutions and practices became more accountable and responsive to educational concerns of the marginalized people. The deliberative participation emerged as an active way of experiencing deeper forms of empowerment and democracy than its passive realization as mere bearers of citizen rights.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1058369Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1378
 Dale, R., "The state and the governance of education: An analysis of the restructuring of the state - education.
 Jayal, N.G., Prakash, A. and Sharma, P. K., Local Governance in India: Decentralization and Beyond. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2006.
 Gaventa, J., "Exploring citizenship, participation and accountability", IDS Bulletin, vol. 33, pp. 1-11, 2002.
 Mahmud,S., "Making rights real in Bangladesh through collective citizen action", IDS Bulletin,vol. 33, pp.31-39,2002.
 Pratham, "Annual Status of Education Report (ASER: Rural)", Mumbai: Pratham Resource Centre, 2007.
 Mehrotra,S.,The Economics of Elementary Education in India, New Delhi:Sage Publications,2006.
 Sadgopal, A., "Right to education, state and the neo-liberal assault" (revised version), in Independent People-s Tribunal on the World Bank in India: Papers on World Bank-s Policies, People-s Campaign for Common School System, New Delhi. September, pp. 1-14, 2007.
 Subrahmanian, R., "Citizenship and the ÔÇÿright to education-: Perspectives from the Indian context", IDS Bulletin, vol. 33, pp.74-82, 2002.
 Subrahmanian, R., "Education exclusion and the development state",in Educational Regimes in Contemporary India, R. Chopra and P. Jeffery, Eds. New Delhi: Sage Publications, pp. 62 - 82, 2005.
 Cornwall, A., "Unpacking ÔÇÿparticipation-: Models, meanings and practices", Community Development Journal, vol. 43, no. 3, pp.269-283, 2008.
 Cornwall, A., "Locating citizenship participation", IDS Bulletin, vol. 33, pp. 49-58, 2002.
 Lefebvre,H., The Production of Space. Oxford:Blackwell, 1991.
 Dreze, J. & Sen, A., India Development and Participation, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2002.
 Manor,J., The Political Economy of Democratic Decentralization. Washington, DC: World Bank, 1999.
 Balagopalan, S., "An idea school and the schooled ideal: Education at the margins", in Educational Regimes in Contemporary India, Radhika Chopra, Ed. New Delhi: Sage Publications, pp. 83 - 98, 2005.
 Govinda, R. and Diwan, R., Community Participation and Empowerment in Primary Education. New Delhi: Sage publications, 2003.
 Raina, V., "Making sense of community participation: Comparing school education and watershed development", in R. Govinda and R. Diwan Eds, Community Participation and Empowerment in Primary Education. New Delhi: Sage publications, pp.182-202, 2003.
 Department of Education, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan: Fourth Joint Review Mission.Aide Memoire,New Delhi, 2006.
 Bodh Shiksha Samiti and Novib, Jan Bodh Karyakaram, Jaipur, 2006.
 Bodh Shiksha Samiti, Record of School- Community Meetings of Amagarh Bodhshala (1994-2007), Jaipur.
 Bakhtin, M.M., The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. Michael Holquist,Ed., Caryl Emerson, Trans. Austin:University of Texas Press, 1931/1981.
 DRF, School-Community Partnership in Education: A Programme of PESLE, Hyderabad, 2006.
 Kumar, Krishna, "Partners in Education?" Economic & Political Weekly, 2008, vol. XLIII, pp. 8-11, 2008.
 Sen, A., "The possibility of social choice", in Capabilities, Freedom and Equality: Amartya Sen-s Work from a Gender Perspective, Bina Aggarwal, Ed. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp.369-419, 2006.
 Giroux, H., "Crossing the boundaries of educational discourse: Modernism, post-modernism and feminism", in Education, Economy and Society, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 113-130, 1997.