Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31584
Mechanical Behaviour Analysis of Polyester Polymer Mortars Modified with Recycled GFRP Waste Materials
Abstract:In this study the effect of incorporation of recycled glass-fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) waste materials, obtained by means of milling processes, on mechanical behaviour of polyester polymer mortars was assessed. For this purpose, different contents of recycled GFRP waste powder and fibres, with distinct size gradings, were incorporated into polyester based mortars as sand aggregates and filler replacements. Flexural and compressive loading capacities were evaluated and found better than unmodified polymer mortars. GFRP modified polyester based mortars also show a less brittle behaviour, with retention of some loading capacity after peak load. Obtained results highlight the high potential of recycled GFRP waste materials as efficient and sustainable reinforcement and admixture for polymer concrete and mortars composites, constituting an emergent waste management solution.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1058061Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2320
 S. Pimenta and S.T. Pinho, "Recycling carbon fibre reinforced polymers for structural applications: Technology review and market outlook", Waste Management, vol. 31, 2011, pp. 378-392.
 A. Conroy, S. Halliwell and T. Reynolds, "Composite recycling in the construction industry", Composites: Part A - Applied Science and Technology, vol. 37, 2006, pp. 1216-1222.
 K. Bartholomew, "Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics Recycling", Minnesota Technical Assistance Program Report, December, 2004 (www.mntap.umn.edu/fiber/report12-04.pdf - visualized on Jan. 29, 2011).
 S.J. Pickering, "Recycling technologies for thermoset composite materials - current status", Composites: Part A - Applied Science and Technology, vol.37, 2006, pp 1206-1215.
 J. Palmer, O.R. Ghita, L. Savage and K.E. Evans, "Successful closedloop recycling of thermoset composites", Composites: Part A - Applied Science and Technology, vol. 40, 2009, pp. 490-498.
 S.J. Pickering, R.M. Kelly, J.R. Kennerley, C.D. Rudd and N.J. Fenwick, "A fluidised-bed process for the recovery of glass fibres from scrap thermoset composites", Composites Science and Technology, vol. 60, 2000, pp. 509-520.
 A.M. Cunliffe and P.T. Williams, "Characterisation of products from the recycling of glass fibre reinforced polyester waste by pyrolysis", Fuel, vol. 82, 2003, pp. 2223-2230.
 M. Correa, J.M. Laza, J.L. Vilas, E. Bilbao, M. Rodr├¡guez and L.M. Le├│n, " Reutilization of thermostable polyester wastes by means of agglomeration with phenolic resins", Waste Management, vol. 30, 2010, pp.2305-2311.
 T.N. Reynolds, S. Halliwell and A. Conroy, "Markets for FRP Recyclate", Institute of Wastes Management, Scientific and Technical Review, vol. 5, 2004, pp. 29-34.
 K. Demura, Y. Ohama and T. Stoh, "Properties of Artificial wood using FRP powder", in Proc. of the International RILEM Workshop: Disposal and Recycling of Organic and Polymeric Construction Materials, Mars 26-28, 1995, Tokyo, Japan.
 S. George and S. Dillman, "Recycled fiberglass composite as a reinforcing filler in post-consumer recycled HDPE plastic lumber", in SPE/ANTEC 2000 Proceedings (Society of Plastics Engineers / Annual Technical Conference), pp. 2919-2922, May 7-11, 2000, Orlando, USA.
 T. Itoh and M. Kaneko, "Pavement Blocks from Recycled GRP Material", in Proc. COMPOSITES 2002 Convention and Trade Show Composites Fabricators Association, Sept. 25-27, 2002, Atlanta, USA.
 A.R. Woodside, W.D.H. Woodward and J.H. Jellie, "Highway Engineering Material Tests at Ulster University", Project Report (Project funded with landfill tax credits by the RMC environmental found), June 2003.
 G. Adolphs and A. Branca, "New Approaches in Recycling Thermoset Composites", in Proc. COMPOSITES 2001 Convention and Trade Show Composites Fabricators Association, Oct. 3-6, 2001, Tampa, USA.
 P. Asokan, M. Osmani and A.D.F. Price, "Assessing the recycling potential of glass fibre reinforced plastic waste in concrete and cement composites", Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 17, 2009, pp. 821-829.
 P. Asokan, M. Osmani and A.D.F. Price, "Improvement of the mechanical properties of glass fibre reinforced plastic waste powder filled concrete", Construction and Building Materials, vol. 24, 2010, pp. 448-460.
 F. Tittarelli and G. Moriconi, "Use of GRP industrial by-products in cement based composites", Cement & Concrete Composites, vol. 32, 2010, pp. 219-225.
 F. Tittarelli, S. Kawashima, N. Tregger, G. Moriconi and S.P. Shah, "Effect of GRP By-Product Addition on Plastic and Hardened Properties of Cement Mortars", in Proc. 2nd Int. Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, June 28-30, 2010, Ancona, Italy.
 J.D.A.D.R. Figueira, "Viabilidade da reutiliza├º├úo de res├¡duos finos provenientes do corte de GFRP na produ├º├úo de bet├Áes", Ms. Thesis on Civil Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Set. 2008 (in portuguese).
 K. Ogi, T. Shinoda and M. Mizui, " Strength in concrete reinforced with recycled CFRP pieces", Composites: Part A - Applied Science and Technology, vol. 36, 2005, pp. 893-902.
 M.C. Bignozzi, A. Saccani, and F. Sandrolini, "New polymer mortars containing polymeric wastes. Part 1: Microstructure and mechanical properties", Composites: Part A, vol. 31, 2000, pp. 97-106.
 M.C. Bignozzi, A. Saccani, and F. Sandrolini, "New polymer mortars containing polymeric wastes. Part 2: Dynamic mechanical and dieletric behaviour ", Composites: Part A, vol. 33, 2002, pp. 205-211.
 D.W. Fowler, "Polymers in concrete: A vision for the 21st century", Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 21, 1999, pp.449-452.
 L. Czarnecki, "Polymer in concrete on the edge of the millennium", in Proc of 10th International Conference on Polymers in Concrete, May, 2001, Honuluu, Havaii; U.S.A. (Paper 93).
 R. Letsh, "Polymer concrete properties and structural applications", in Proc. Of International conference on Polymer Concretes and Asphalts, October, 2002, Oporto, Portugal (pp.31-43).
 ACI 548.1R-09,"Guide for the use of polymers in concrete", Report of ACI Committee 548.1R-09, American Concrete Institute, Detroit, USA, 2009.
 M.C.S. Ribeiro, "New Polymer Mortar Formulations: Optimization, Characterization and Application Forms", Ph.D. Thesis on Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering of University of Porto, 2006.
 M.C.S. Ribeiro, C.M.L. Tavares and A..J.M. Ferreira, "Chemical resistance of epoxy and polyester polymer concrete to acids and salts", Journal of Polymer Engineering, vol. 22, 2002, pp.27-44.
 C.M.L. Tavares, M.C.S. Ribeiro, A.J.M. Ferreira and R.M. Guedes, "Creep behaviour of FRP-reinforced polymer concrete", Composite Structures, vol. 57, 2002, pp. 47-51.
 M.C.S. Ribeiro, P.R. N├│voa, A.J.M. Ferreira and A.T. Marques, Flexural performance of polyester and epoxy polymer mortars under severe thermal conditions", Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 26, 2004, pp.803-809.
 P.R.O. N├│voa, M.C.S. Ribeiro, A.J.M. Ferreira and A.T. Marques, Mechanical characterization of lightweight polymer mortar modified with cork granulates", Composite Science and Technology, vol. 64, 2004, pp. 2197-2205.
 K.S. Rebeiz, S.P. Serhal and A.P. Craft, Properties of polymer concrete using fly ash", Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 16, 2004, pp. 15-19.
 M.C.S. Ribeiro, P.R.O. N├│voa, A.T. Marques and A.J.M. Ferreira, "Mechanical Characterization of Lightweight Wood-Modified Polymer Concrete", Ci├¬ncia & Tecnologia dos Materiais, Revista da SPM (Sociedade Portuguesa dos Materiais), vol. 16, 2004, pp. 81-87.
 .C.S. Ribeiro, C.M.L. Tavares, M. Figueiredo, A.A. Fernandes, A.J.M. Ferreira, ÔÇÿBending characteristics of resin concretes-, Materials Research, Vol.6, No 2, 2003, 247-254.
 EN 933-1:1997, "Tests for Geometrical Properties of Aggregates. Part1: Determination of Particle Size Distribution - Sieving Method", European Standard, CEN - European Committee for Standardization, 1997.
 RILEM CPT PC-2, "Method of Making Polymer Concrete and Mortar Specimens", TC 113, RILEM, UK, 1995.
 RILEM CPT PCM-8, "Method of Test for Flexural Strength and Deflection of Plymer-Modified Mortar, TC 113, RILEM, UK, 1995.
 ASTM C348-08, "Standard test method for flexural strength of hydraulic cement mortars", American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM, US, 2008.
 UNE 83821:1992, "Morteros. Métodos de ensayo. Morteros endurecidos. Determinaci├│n de las resistencias a flexi├│n y a compressi├│n", UNE, Spain, 1992.